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Eyewitness Companions Wines of the World - French wine law - Glossary of label terms

Λογότυπο DK PublishingDK Publishing 2/7/2014 DKBooks

Glossary of label terms

blanc:

white.


cave:

cellar.


château:

an estate, a common term in Bordeaux.


coopérative:

a collective organization that makes wine for a number of growers.


côte/coteaux:

hillside/hillsides.


crémant:

indicates a sparkling wine made using the traditional method—e.g., Crémant d’Alsace.


cru:

literally “growth,” usually used to mean vineyard.


cru classé:

classified vineyard.


demi-sec:

medium-dry.


domaine:

estate.


doux:

sweet.


grand cru:

great growth.


méthode classique/méthode traditionnelle:

a sparkling wine made using the same techniques as those used for making champagne.


mis (en bouteille) au château/domaine/à la propriété:

estate-bottled.


négociant:

a merchant who buys grapes, must, or wine from growers and then sells wine under their own individual label.


premier cru:

first growth.


propriétaire:

the estate or vineyard owner.


récoltant:

the person who harvests the grapes.


récolte:

vintage or harvest.


rouge:

red.


sec:

dry.


sélection de grains nobles:

the sweetest style of wine in Alsace, made from grapes affected by botrytis.


supérieur:

a wine with a higher level of alcohol.


vendange tardive:

late harvest. In Alsace this is an AOC in its own right, for sweet wine made from ultra-ripe grapes.


vieilles vignes:

old vines.


vigneron/viticulteur:

vinegrower.


vignoble:

vineyard.


vin:

wine.

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