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New UN climate chief takes fight personally

SHOT LISTRESTRICTION SUMMARY:ASSOCIATED PRESSNew York – 22 September 20221.United Nations' new climate chief Simon Stiell during an interview with the Associated Press++PARTIALLY COVERED BY SHOT 1++2.SOUNDBITE (English) Seth Borenstein, Associated Press journalist:"You do have an engineering background, right? So, having worked with engineers in the past, engineers often have criteria for success, right?" ++PARTIALLY COVERED BY SHOTS 4,5,6++3.SOUNDBITE (English) Simon Stiell, United Nations' climate chief:"I know how to make things work and get things done, but balanced with that, living half my life in a climate vulnerable nation gives me a deep appreciation. I know what it's like to live. I've lived through two hurricanes. I've seen my country flattened through hurricanes. I've seen sea levels rise around my ankles. I've seen the effects. And I've also been in government finding solutions and responsible as the lead policymaker in how do we build a more resilient nation."ASSOCIATED PRESSARCHIVE: St George's, Grenada - 10 September 2004++4:3++4.Aerial of flattened houses after Hurricane Ivan5. Aerial of dozens of grounded sailboats6.Zoom out of damaged homesASSOCIATED PRESSNew York – 22 September 20227.Wide Stiell during interviewANNOTATION: Stiell was the environment minister on the small island nation of Grenada until he started his job as the executive secretary of the UNFCCC weeks ago. 8.SOUNDBITE (English) Seth Borenstein, Associated Press journalist:"If there isn't money starting to flow in loss of damage. Can the problem to be solved without addressing loss and damage?"++PARTIALLY COVERED BY SHOT 10++9. SOUNDBITE (English) Simon Stiell, United Nations' climate chief:"Those that are the most vulnerable, those that are the most affected. It is top of the list of priorities because they are the ones who are sustaining the damage again. You quoted Pakistan, a third of the country under water, billions of dollars in damages, lives lost, millions displaced. How do they recover from that? What mechanisms are in place for them to recover from that? The government cannot put contingencies in place to recover adequately from a disaster of that magnitude."ASSOCIATED PRESS ARCHIVE: Jhal Magsi, Pakistan - 11 September 2022 10.Various aerials of Jhal Magsi area covered in flood water ++MUTE++ ASSOCIATED PRESSNew York – 22 September 202211. SOUNDBITE (English) Seth Borenstein, Associated Press journalist:"How important or not was the U.S. the bill that passed the Inflation Reduction Act from President Biden? Is that a you know, in the United States, people said it was a big step globally. How important is it and does it put pressure on China?"++PARTIALLY COVERED BY SHOT 13++12. SOUNDBITE (English) Simon Stiell, United Nations' climate chief:"It is a big step. It was a historic achievement. Has to roll out now and roll out roll out quickly. But in terms of the United States making a commitment that is that is Paris aligned. That is 1.5 degree aligned. That as a major emitter addresses that that their emissions it is a major step forward. And the U.S. is a major player. So we commend them for those efforts. And it sends a signal to others around the world."ASSOCIATED PRESS ARCHIVE: Craig, Colorado - 18 November 2021 13. Various of steam being emitted from a coal plant's smokestacks ASSOCIATED PRESSNew York – 22 September 202214. Stiell shakes hands with AP reporter Seth Borenstein at end of interviewSTORYLINEFor the United Nations' new climate chief, the fight is personal.A former engineer, Simon Stiell was the environment and climate resilience minister on the small island nation of Grenada until he started his job as the executive secretary of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change a few weeks ago.Stiell lived through two hurricanes, Ivan in 2004 and Emily in 2005. And Grenada, which had losses that doubled its annual gross domestic product. It's now his job to make sure the world cuts about half emissions of heat-trapping gases — which are helping trigger unprecedented frequent weather disasters — in just eight years.Rich polluting countries will have to pay to help poorer countries that are climate victims, like his or Pakistan, he said.Rich nations pledged several years ago to spend $100 billion a year in aid to poor nations to help them adapt to climate change and develop cleaner energy systems, though not as compensation for damage. Those pledges, however, especially from the United States, have not been fulfilled, but Stiell hopes they are getting close.Because of Russia's invasion of Ukraine and the energy crisis it triggered, countries have stepped backwards on their commitments to phase out coal, but he hopes it's "a temporary regression." The United States, the second biggest carbon polluter, is "sending a signal to the rest of the world" with the Inflation Reduction Act that President Joe Biden signed this summer.Stiell said he's aiming at 2030 and the need for dramatic pollution cuts to keep temperatures from passing the 1.5 degree goal — something that's looking less likely because it is only a few tenths of a degree away and approaching fast. The world has already warmed 1.1 degrees Celsius (2 degrees Fahrenheit) since pre-industrial times.Video by: Robert Bumsted and David MartinProduced by: Teresa de Miguel---Associated Press climate and environmental coverage receives support from several private foundations. 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