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Gardening in November: what to do in your garden this month

House Beautiful (UK) logo House Beautiful (UK) 06/11/2018 The House Beautiful team
In November the garden starts to retreat but there's time to experiment – take cuttings or plant up pots with bulbs, cover cabbages and make leaf mould. See all the autumn garden jobs and tasks for November with our guide © Sergii Kateryniuk - Getty Images In November the garden starts to retreat but there's time to experiment – take cuttings or plant up pots with bulbs, cover cabbages and make leaf mould. See all the autumn garden jobs and tasks for November with our guide

Gardening in November: The garden starts to retreat but there's time to experiment – take cuttings or plant up pots with bulbs.

Perennials and bulbs

  • Sweet peas can be sown outside but they do need some winter protection either under cloches or in a cold greenhouse.
  • This is the absolute last chance to plant most spring bulbs but the best time to plant tulips. If there's no room in the garden try putting some into containers.

Fruit and vegetables

  • Plant out winter onion sets and garlic cloves.
  • Plant soft fruits such as raspberries and blackberries. If you have cloches you can sow broad beans and peas.
  • Keep an eye on Brussels sprouts and cabbages, and if birds find them delicious, cover them with netting.
a close up of a green plant: Winter Cabbage in the Community Garden © work by Lisa Kling - Getty Images Winter Cabbage in the Community Garden

Hardwood cuttings

  • Try taking hardwood cuttings of deciduous shrubs and fruit.

Lawn

  • Crisp edges make a lawn seem tidier and fresher, even on dull winter days. When night-time temperatures fall to near freezing and below, the lawn will stop growing so it's worth cutting the edges now as they should stay trim until the end of winter.

Leaf mould

  • A very easy way to make leaf mould is to rake up damp leaves, put them in a bin bag with a few air holes and tie the top. By next autumn you should have magically produced crumbly leaf mould that can be used as a mulch.
Raking damp leaves © Astrid860 - Getty Images Raking damp leaves

Bedding

  • Plant out winter bedding. Pansies and violas look delicate but polyanthus and primroses have the edge for presence. A new type of plant to watch out for is the double primrose. It's available in many colours and is so beautiful it looks like winter roses.

IF YOU ONLY DO ONE THING...

...put prepared 'Paper White' daffodils – which means they've been specially treated to flower quickly – in a pot. Keep indoors and they should be flowering for Christmas.

a white flower on a plant: 'Paper White' daffodils - Narcissus panizzianus white Spring flowering Daffodils © Jacky Parker Photography - Getty Images 'Paper White' daffodils - Narcissus panizzianus white Spring flowering Daffodils

PLANT OF THE MONTH

If you see a small rounded tree with amazing autumn colour of purples, reds and orange, it's probably a liquidambar. Slow-growing with shiny bright green maple-like leaves in spring, it will eventually reach 25 metres.

a close up of a tree: Flaming Autumn red leaf of sweet gum tree Liquidambar © Whiteway - Getty Images Flaming Autumn red leaf of sweet gum tree Liquidambar

Watch: How indoor plants can boost your mental and physical well-being [Cover Video]

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