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The Amazon Has Seen More Than 100,000 Fires This Year, Causing Spike In Air Pollution

Gizmodo Australia logo Gizmodo Australia 4 days ago Yessenia Funes
a close up of a map: Carbon monoxide emissions over the Amazon for the first two weeks of August (Image: European Space Agency) © Image: European Space Agency Carbon monoxide emissions over the Amazon for the first two weeks of August (Image: European Space Agency)

The fires burning throughout the Amazon rainforest and the rest of Brazil are billowing all types of air pollutants into the atmosphere, new satellite images from the European Space Agency (ESA) show.

A fire burns a tract of Amazon jungle near Porto Velho, Brazil on September 9, 2019 © Reuters A fire burns a tract of Amazon jungle near Porto Velho, Brazil on September 9, 2019

The agency released the images Tuesday, reminding the world that the Amazon fires aren’t just an environmental issue — but a public health issue, as well. The images come as the number of Brazil’s forest fires soar past 100,000, a 45 per cent increase from this same time last year, according to Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research. 

a close up of a map: Aerosols = bad (Illustration: <a href= © Provided by Pedestrian TV Group Pty Ltd Aerosols = bad (Illustration: With the spike in fires, ESA found that the rates of dangerous pollutants like carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, and aerosols have gone up dramatically this year compared to last. 

The particulate matter from the organic matter going up in flames can cause respiratory or cardiac issues for individuals exposed. Carbon monoxide can make it harder for individuals to breathe by reducing oxygen levels. The World Health Organised issued a warning to vulnerable communities just last week because of all this air pollution.

Watch: The Amazon ablaze (Sky News)

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There are also environmental impacts as well. The black carbon emissions from the fire are absorbing sunlight and blocking outgoing energy, a process that can worsening warming. The forest is also releasing carbon dioxide from its burning trees, another factor that could speed up global warming.

Many suspect that President Jair Bolsonaro’s new reign in the country has everything to do with this rise in Brazil’s forest fires. He’s been outspoken about handing the Amazon over to private interests, which burn the forest to clear land for crops, cattle, mining, and timber.

a close up of a map: These maps show how much carbon monoxide has increased. (Image: <a href= © Provided by Pedestrian TV Group Pty Ltd These maps show how much carbon monoxide has increased. (Image: The indigenous communities that live under the forest canopy have the most to lose as the Amazon continues to burn.

Unfortunately, the Amazon forest fires are part of a greater global trend: The number of global fires increased by nearly fourfold last month compared to last year. August 2018 saw 16,632 fires. August 2019? 79,000. The world is on fire.

Slideshow: Jaw-dropping images of the world's weather taken from the skies (Love Exploring)

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