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US jury convicts Mexican drug lord ‘El Chapo’

The Boston Globe logo The Boston Globe 12/02/2019
'El Chapo' was recaptured by Mexican soldiers here in January 2016 following six months on the run © Associated Press 'El Chapo' was recaptured by Mexican soldiers here in January 2016 following six months on the run

NEW YORK — Mexico’s most notorious drug lord, Joaquin ‘‘El Chapo’’ Guzman, was convicted Tuesday of running an industrial-scale smuggling operation after a three-month trial packed with Hollywood-style tales of grisly killings, political payoffs, cocaine hidden in jalapeno cans, jewel-encrusted guns and a naked escape with his mistress through a tunnel.

Guzman faced a drumbeat of drug-trafficking and conspiracy convictions that could put the 61-year-old escape artist behind bars for decades in a maximum-security U.S. prison selected to thwart another one of the breakouts that embarrassed his native country.

New York jurors whose identities were kept secret reached a verdict after deliberating six days in the expansive case, sorting through what authorities called an ‘‘avalanche’’ of evidence gathered since the late 1980s that Guzman and his murderous Sinaloa drug cartel made billions in profits by smuggling tons of cocaine, heroin, meth and marijuana into the U.S.

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Read more on El Chapo:

How El Chapo became a kingpin, according to a witness (The New York Times)

The trial of El Chapo blows apart one of Trump's main border wall arguments (Huffington Post)

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Evidence showed drugs poured into the U.S. through secret tunnels or hidden in tanker trucks, concealed in the undercarriage of passenger cars and packed in rail cars passing through legitimate points of entry — suggesting that a border wall wouldn’t be much of a worry.

The prosecution’s case against Guzman, a roughly 5½-foot figure whose nickname translates to ‘‘Shorty,’’ included the testimony of several turncoats and other witnesses. Among them were Guzman’s former Sinaloa lieutenants, a computer encryption expert and a Colombian cocaine supplier who underwent extreme plastic surgery to disguise his appearance.

One Sinaloa insider described Mexican workers getting contact highs while packing cocaine into thousands of jalapeno cans — shipments that totaled 25 to 30 tons of cocaine worth $500 million each year. Another testified how Guzman sometimes acted as his own sicario, or hitman, punishing a Sinaloan who dared to work for another cartel by kidnapping him, beating and shooting him and having his men bury the victim while he was still alive, gasping for air.

Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman (center) listened at his trial in New York. © Elizabeth Williams via Associated Press Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman (center) listened at his trial in New York. The defense case lasted just half an hour. Guzman’s lawyers did not deny his crimes as much as argue he was a fall guy for government witnesses who were more evil than he was.

Defense attorney Jeffrey Lichtman urged the jury in closing arguments not to believe government witnesses who ‘‘lie, steal, cheat, deal drugs and kill people.’’

Deliberations were complicated by the trial’s vast scope. Jurors were tasked with making 53 decisions about whether prosecutors have proven different elements of the case.

In pictures: Here's the story behind the man El Chapo said was really the boss (INSIDER)

The trial cast a harsh glare on the corruption that allowed the cartel to flourish. Colombian trafficker Alex Cifuentes caused a stir by testifying that former Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto took a $100 million bribe from Guzman. Peña Nieto denied it, but the allegation fit a theme: politicians, army commanders, police and prosecutors, all on the take.

NEW YORK, NY - FEBRUARY 04: Emma Coronel Aispuro, wife of Joaquin 'El Chapo' Guzman, arrives at the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York, February 4, 2019 in the Brooklyn borough of New York City. The jury has begun deliberations in the trial of El Chapo, who is accused of trafficking over 440,000 pounds of cocaine, in addition to other drugs, and exerting power through murders and kidnappings as he led the Sinaloa Cartel. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images) © 2019 Getty Images NEW YORK, NY - FEBRUARY 04: Emma Coronel Aispuro, wife of Joaquin 'El Chapo' Guzman, arrives at the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York, February 4, 2019 in the Brooklyn borough of New York City. The jury has begun deliberations in the trial of El Chapo, who is accused of trafficking over 440,000 pounds of cocaine, in addition to other drugs, and exerting power through murders and kidnappings as he led the Sinaloa Cartel. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images) The tension at times was cut by some of the trial’s sideshows, such as the sight of Guzman and his wife, Emma Coronel Aispuro, showing up in matching burgundy velvet blazers in a gesture of solidarity. Another day, a Chapo-size actor who played the kingpin in the TV series ‘‘Narcos: Mexico’’ came to watch, telling reporters that seeing the defendant flash him a smile was ‘‘surreal.’’

Actor Alejandro Edda talks to reporters outside federal court in the Brooklyn borough of New York, Monday, Jan. 28, 2019. The actor, who portrayed the notorious drug lord El Chapo on a Netflix series, appeared at the kingpin's trial. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig) © ASSOCIATED PRESS Actor Alejandro Edda talks to reporters outside federal court in the Brooklyn borough of New York, Monday, Jan. 28, 2019. The actor, who portrayed the notorious drug lord El Chapo on a Netflix series, appeared at the kingpin's trial. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig)

While the trial was dominated by Guzman’s persona as a near-mythical outlaw who carried a diamond-encrusted handgun and stayed one step ahead of the law, the jury never heard from Guzman himself, except when he told the judge he wouldn’t testify.

But his sing-songy voice filled the courtroom, thanks to recordings of intercepted phone calls. ‘‘Amigo!’’ he said to a cartel distributor in Chicago. ‘‘Here at your service.’’

Microphones are placed outside the Brooklyn Federal Courthouse, during the trial of Joaquin Guzman, the Mexican drug lord known as "El Chapo," in the Brooklyn borough of New York, U.S., February 7, 2019.  REUTERS/Brendan McDermid © Thomson Reuters Microphones are placed outside the Brooklyn Federal Courthouse, during the trial of Joaquin Guzman, the Mexican drug lord known as "El Chapo," in the Brooklyn borough of New York, U.S., February 7, 2019. REUTERS/Brendan McDermid

One of the trial’s most memorable tales came from girlfriend Lucero Guadalupe Sanchez Lopez, who testified she was in bed in a safe house with an on-the-run Guzman in 2014 when Mexican marines started breaking down his door. She said Guzman led her to a trap door beneath a bathtub that opened up to a tunnel that allowed them to escape.

Watch: El Chapo's legal team arrives in court (The Independent)

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Asked what he was wearing, she replied: ‘‘He was naked. He took off running. He left us behind.’’

The defendant had previously escaped from jail by hiding in a laundry bin in 2001. He then got an escort from crooked police officers into Mexico City before retreating to one of his many mountainside hideaways. In 2014, he pulled off another jail break, escaping through a mile-long lighted tunnel on a motorcycle on rails.

Even when Guzman was recaptured in 2016 before his extradition to the United States, he was plotting another escape, prosecutor Andrea Goldbarg said in closing arguments.

‘‘Why? Because he is guilty and he never wanted to be in a position where he would have to answer for his crimes,’’ she told the jury. ‘‘He wanted to avoid sitting right there. In front of you.’’

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