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Ayodhya verdict: Disputed site goes to Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas, Muslims get 5 acres elsewhere

India Today logo India Today 09-11-2019

The Supreme Court in its historic verdict in the Ayodhya Ram Mandir-Babri Masjid case has said Ram Janmabhoomi Nayas is the owner of the disputed land in Ayodhya. The court has ordered that the Muslims should be given 5 acres elsewhere to build a mosque.

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(Video by The Times of India)

Delivering the verdict, the Supreme Court said archaeological excavations suggest that there was an underlying structure under the Babri Masjid which was "not of Islamic origin".

The Supreme Court said there is sufficent evidence to suggest that the Babri Masjid was not constructed on "vacant land". It said the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) could not suggest that there was a temple of the 12th century at the disputed site.

It said the ASI has not specifically said that the underlying structure was a temple. Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi said the ASI report has left unanswered a critical part of its remit i.e. whether a Hindu temple was demolished to construct the Babri Masjid. 

Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi said the ASI report has left unanswered a critical part of its remit i.e. whether a Hindu temple was demolished to construct the Babri Masjid. The Supreme Court said there is no archaeological evidence of what existed between the 12th century and the 16the century when the Babri Masjid was built.

Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi read the verdict and has said it is inappropriate for the court to go into the domain of theology. The Supreme Court has made it clear that the land title must be decided only on legal principles.

The Supreme Court has rejected the suits filed by the Shia Waqf Board and the Nirmohi Akhara. The court also said no submissions were made challenging the legal personality of Ram Janmabhoomi. The landmark Ayodhya verdict was delivered by a five-member Constitution bench headed by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi. The bench also comprised Justices SA Bobde, DY Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer.

To avoid any chaos, the Supreme Court has restricted entry of persons today in the court. The Public Relation Office of the Supreme Court has said the one-day pass that is made for entry of litigants/junior lawyers is not being issued today. Only those litigants whose names are on the causelist will be issued entry passes.

Union Home Minister Amit Shah is chairing a high-level security meeting in New Delhi, while DGP Uttar Pradesh OP Singh is holding a meeting with Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath to apprise him of the elaborate security arrangements.

Here's how India is gearing up for the historic verdict in Ayodhya case:

1. Security enhanced across country

Elaborate security arrangements have been made across the country to avoid any untoward incident after the Supreme Court delivers its historic judgement in the politically-sensitive Ramjanmbhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute case.

All states and UTs have increased the presence of security forces on the streets. Additional forces have been deployed in sensitive areas. All jails have been put on high alert. Necessary arrangements have been made to ensure safety and security of religious places.

2. Ayodhya on high alert

Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh has been put under a thick blanket of security. Apart from the regular security at the disputed site, the Centre has rushed in 4000 paramilitary personnel and 30 bomb squads. All dharamshalas in Ayodhya have been instructed to shut down and all non-locals have been asked to leave the city.

3. Section 144 imposed in UP, several other places

Section 144 of CrPC, which prohibits gathering of more than four people, has been clamped in entire Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Goa. The prohibitory orders will also be in effect in Madhya Pradesh capital Bhopal, Karnataka's Bengaluru and Rajasthan's Jaipur.

4. Educational institutes shut in UP, several other states

Schools, colleges and other educational institutions will remain closed in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka and Delhi on Saturday. As a precautionary measure, the government has closed all schools, colleges, educational institutions till Monday in Uttar Pradesh.

5. Z plus security cover for CJI

The security outside the residences of the five judges on the Constitution Bench that will deliver the judgement has been beefed up in Delhi. Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi's security has been upgraded to Z-plus. Security has also been tightened in and around the Supreme Court.

6. Dry day in UP, J&K

All liquor shops will be closed across Uttar Pradesh on November 9 and 10 in view of the Ayodhya verdict. A liquor ban is also in place in Bengaluru and across Jammu and Kashmir for Saturday.

7. Police vigil on social media

Police bodies, across India, have announced close monitoring of social media networks for any objectionable post. Authorities said social media posts will be monitored to ensure that no attempt is made to vitiate the atmosphere by spreading rumours or inflammatory content.

8. Mobile internet services suspended in Aligarh

All mobile internet services will remain suspended in UP's Aligarh till midnight. Meanwhile, UP DGP said internet services might get suspended in Ayodhya if required.

9. Security beefed up in national capital Delhi

Police has also beefed up security across the national capital. The deputy commissioners of police of all districts, along with the station house officers, have been directed to raise police visibility and patrolling in communally sensitive areas. According to an advisory released by the police, adequate forces have been mobilised and the department will also requisition extra Central Armed Police Forces companies from the Ministry of Home Affairs.

10. Cameras, drones to be used for monitoring situation in Mumbai

Over 5,000 cameras are in place for surveillance in Mumbai which the police will monitor with their control room feed. Mumbai Police will also deploy drone units as per the situation. Apart from the 40,000 strong Mumbai Police, RCP (Riot Control Police), law and order reserves, special forces like SRPF, RAF have also been deployed at strategic locations.

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