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Places that played a significant role in India's freedom movement

HolidayIQ.com logo HolidayIQ.com 26-01-2018

While time and apathy have chipped away the relics from the history books, some places still bear the mark of India’s freedom struggle.

1. Jallianwala Bagh

Jallianwala Bagh still ferry the scars from one of the bloodiest massacres in Indian history. On the fateful day of 13th April, 1919 when the whole of Punjab was celebrating Baisakhi, thousands gathered at Jallianwala Bagh. General Dyer and the British Indian soldiers under his command fired over 1,600 rounds of bullets at the large group of men, women and children. The stampede followed by the mayhem led to over 1,500 casualties.Sada Nand shares: “Jallianwala Bagh is one of the historical place in the history of India's struggle for freedom. It's the place where British official Dyre has ordered open fire on peaceful people gathering. The place has Martyr Lamp and still has the bullet engraved in the wall. The Bagh has museum reciting the incident occurred there.” - 50 Ratings, 35 Reviews © wikimedia.org Jallianwala Bagh still ferry the scars from one of the bloodiest massacres in Indian history. On the fateful day of 13th April, 1919 when the whole of Punjab was celebrating Baisakhi, thousands gathered at Jallianwala Bagh. General Dyer and the British Indian soldiers under his command fired over 1,600 rounds of bullets at the large group of men, women and children. The stampede followed by the mayhem led to over 1,500 casualties.Sada Nand shares: “Jallianwala Bagh is one of the historical place in the history of India's struggle for freedom. It's the place where British official Dyre has ordered open fire on peaceful people gathering. The place has Martyr Lamp and still has the bullet engraved in the wall. The Bagh has museum reciting the incident occurred there.” - 50 Ratings, 35 Reviews

Jallianwala Bagh still ferries the scars from one of the bloodiest massacres in Indian history. On the fateful day of 13th April, 1919 when the whole of Punjab was celebrating Baisakhi, thousands gathered at Jallianwala Bagh. General Dyer and the British Indian soldiers under his command fired over 1,600 rounds of bullets at the large group of men, women and children. The stampede followed by the mayhem led to over 1,500 casualties.

2. Cellular Jail

Cellular Jail: During the reign of the British empire, after the first war of Independence in 1857, Andaman was established as a prison island where freedom fighters and political prisoners were exiled. The Cellular Jail was built in 1906 but after a brief occupation by the Japanese forces during World War II, the town of Port Blair became the base of the Azad Hind Fauj.Rahul Sidharthan shares: “The Cellular Jail in Port Blair was the reason why the otherwise pristine Andaman and Nicobar Islands earned the notoriety of being called Kaala Paani (or black waters). Freedom fighters during the British era who revolted against the British government were deported to this jail located far away from mainland India where they were subjected to unimaginable torture.” - 223 Reviews, 39 Sightseeings © andamannicobartourism.in During the reign of the British empire, after the first war of Independence in 1857, Andaman was established as a prison island where freedom fighters and political prisoners were exiled. The Cellular Jail was built in 1906 but after a brief occupation by the Japanese forces during World War II, the town of Port Blair became the base of the Azad Hind Fauj.Rahul Sidharthan shares: “The Cellular Jail in Port Blair was the reason why the otherwise pristine Andaman and Nicobar Islands earned the notoriety of being called Kaala Paani (or black waters). Freedom fighters during the British era who revolted against the British government were deported to this jail located far away from mainland India where they were subjected to unimaginable torture.” - 223 Reviews, 39 Sightseeings

During the reign of the British empire, after the first war of Independence in 1857, Andaman was established as a prison island where freedom fighters and political prisoners were exiled. The Cellular Jail was built in 1906 but after a brief occupation by the Japanese forces during World War II, the town of Port Blair became the base of the Azad Hind Fauj. 

3. Fort of Jhansi

Fort of Jhansi: The Fort of Jhansi served as a stronghold of the Chandela Kings in Balwant Nagar from the 11th through the 17th century. The fort also served as one of the main centres of Sepoy Mutiny in 1857. Below the walls of the fort is a depiction in the form of diorama, the bloody battle in which Rani of Jhansi gave her life to save her people from the hands of the British.Prashant Dixit shares: “Situated on an elevated platform, nestles the magnanimous Fort of Jhansi. It's a quick picnic spot for the locals and a worth visit place for those who love to dwell the history in their hearts. The fort still stands firm, though a bit of construction does on sporadically year long. There's a temple of lord Shiva inside where the queen Laxmi Bai herself used to pray and worship. There exists a hidden trail, underground, and so secretive that connects the fort to Gwalior Road. Probably, it might have served to rescue people during war or some other emergency.” - 11 Reviews, 11 Sightseeings © bcmtouring.com/ The Fort of Jhansi served as a stronghold of the Chandela Kings in Balwant Nagar from the 11th through the 17th century. The fort also served as one of the main centres of Sepoy Mutiny in 1857. Below the walls of the fort is a depiction in the form of diorama, the bloody battle in which Rani of Jhansi gave her life to save her people from the hands of the British.Prashant Dixit shares: “Situated on an elevated platform, nestles the magnanimous Fort of Jhansi. It's a quick picnic spot for the locals and a worth visit place for those who love to dwell the history in their hearts. The fort still stands firm, though a bit of construction does on sporadically year long. There's a temple of lord Shiva inside where the queen Laxmi Bai herself used to pray and worship. There exists a hidden trail, underground, and so secretive that connects the fort to Gwalior Road. Probably, it might have served to rescue people during war or some other emergency.” - 11 Reviews, 11 Sightseeings

The Fort of Jhansi served as a stronghold of the Chandela Kings in Balwant Nagar from the 11th through the 17th century. The fort also served as one of the main centres of Sepoy Mutiny in 1857. Below the walls of the fort is a depiction in the form of diorama, the bloody battle in which Rani of Jhansi gave her life to save her people from the hands of the British.

4. Sabarmati Ashram

Sabarmati Ashram: On the banks of Sabarmati river, Mahatma Gandhi established an ashram in 1917 after returning from South Africa. Sabarmati Ashram played a significant role in the Dandi Salt March. The ashram serves as a site to preserve the memories of 'Father of the Nation'. Sumit Sharma shares: “Situated on the banks of Sabarmati River in Ahmedabad, this place is undoubtedly peaceful and calm, that may be the reason why Mahatma Gandhi opted this place for his house. Very well maintained, surrounded by lush green gardens and river on one side, this place is best for relaxation and meditation. Memories associated with the life of Gandhi Ji have been also showcased in this Ashram and it's delightful to see the things associated with him and his struggle for freedom.” - 87 Reviews, 673 Sightseeings © mkgandhi.org On the banks of Sabarmati river, Mahatma Gandhi established an ashram in 1917 after returning from South Africa. Sabarmati Ashram played a significant role in the Dandi Salt March. The ashram serves as a site to preserve the memories of 'Father of the Nation'. Sumit Sharma shares: “Situated on the banks of Sabarmati River in Ahmedabad, this place is undoubtedly peaceful and calm, that may be the reason why Mahatma Gandhi opted this place for his house. Very well maintained, surrounded by lush green gardens and river on one side, this place is best for relaxation and meditation. Memories associated with the life of Gandhi Ji have been also showcased in this Ashram and it's delightful to see the things associated with him and his struggle for freedom.” - 87 Reviews, 673 Sightseeings

On the banks of Sabarmati river, Mahatma Gandhi established an ashram in 1917 after returning from South Africa. Sabarmati Ashram played a significant role in the Dandi Salt March. The ashram serves as a site to preserve the memories of 'Father of the Nation'. 

5. Red Fort

Red fort: Built by Emperor Shah Jahan, the Red fort has been the symbol of power since the Mughal rule in India. After the independence of India from the clutches of British empire, India’s first prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the national flag and delivered his Independence Day speech from this very fort. The tradition is still alive, successive PMs address the nation from Red fort every year on Independence day.Vijay Potluri shares: “Red Fort is one of the very interesting places in New Delhi. You can remember Republic Day flag hoisting by the Prime Minister of India. You can see that place along with the fort. The Fort is so nice and guides will explain how they built like that. It's also an Architectural Marvel. The technology on those days what they used is very inspiring. The Museum displays warfare, equipment's they used and many.” - 83 Reviews, 1432 Sightseeings © wikimedia.org Built by Emperor Shah Jahan, the Red fort has been the symbol of power since the Mughal rule in India. After the independence of India from the clutches of British empire, India’s first prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the national flag and delivered his Independence Day speech from this very fort. The tradition is still alive, successive PMs address the nation from Red fort every year on Independence day.Vijay Potluri shares: “Red Fort is one of the very interesting places in New Delhi. You can remember Republic Day flag hoisting by the Prime Minister of India. You can see that place along with the fort. The Fort is so nice and guides will explain how they built like that. It's also an Architectural Marvel. The technology on those days what they used is very inspiring. The Museum displays warfare, equipment's they used and many.” - 83 Reviews, 1432 Sightseeings

Built by Emperor Shah Jahan, the Red fort has been the symbol of power since the Mughal rule in India. After the independence of India from the clutches of the British empire, India’s first prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the national flag and delivered his Independence Day speech from this very fort. The tradition is still alive, successive PMs address the nation from Red fort every year on Independence day.

6. Aga Khan Palace

Aga Khan Palace: Built by Imam Sultan Muhammad Shah Aga Khan III in 1892, the palace was used as a prison to hold many prominent freedom fighters under arrest. During the Quit India Movement in 1945, Mahatma Gandhi, his wife Kasturba Gandhi were confined to this palace.Deepa Kumar shares: “Aga Khan palace is situated in Kalyani Nagar and is very near to Pune airport. Mahatma Gandhiji and Kasturba were detained here by the British rulers. Lots of documents related to Gandhiji available here.” - 28 Reviews, 407 Sightseeings © wikimedia.org Built by Imam Sultan Muhammad Shah Aga Khan III in 1892, the palace was used as a prison to hold many prominent freedom fighters under arrest. During the Quit India Movement in 1945, Mahatma Gandhi, his wife Kasturba Gandhi were confined to this palace.Deepa Kumar shares: “Aga Khan palace is situated in Kalyani Nagar and is very near to Pune airport. Mahatma Gandhiji and Kasturba were detained here by the British rulers. Lots of documents related to Gandhiji available here.” - 28 Reviews, 407 Sightseeings

Built by Imam Sultan Muhammad Shah Aga Khan III in 1892, the palace was used as a prison to hold many prominent freedom fighters under arrest. During the Quit India Movement in 1945, Mahatma Gandhi, his wife Kasturba Gandhi were confined to this palace. 

7. Gandhi Smriti, Delhi

Gandhi Smriti, Delhi: Gandhi Smriti formerly known as Birla House or Birla Bhavan, is a museum dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi in New Delhi. Mahatma Gandhi spent the last 144 days here until the day assassinated on 30 January 1948.Sudhir Babu shares: “Besides being taken aback by the British's architecture, what really mesmerised me was the spiritualism, calmness, peace and Gandhism in every corner of the building. I fell in love with almost everything here and even got to know a lot of new things about Gandhi.” - 1 Review, 1432 Sightseeings © wikimapia.org Gandhi Smriti formerly known as Birla House or Birla Bhavan, is a museum dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi in New Delhi. Mahatma Gandhi spent the last 144 days here until the day assassinated on 30 January 1948.Sudhir Babu shares: “Besides being taken aback by the British's architecture, what really mesmerised me was the spiritualism, calmness, peace and Gandhism in every corner of the building. I fell in love with almost everything here and even got to know a lot of new things about Gandhi.” - 1 Review, 1432 Sightseeings

Gandhi Smriti formerly known as Birla House or Birla Bhavan, is a museum dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi in New Delhi. Mahatma Gandhi spent the last 144 days here until the day assassinated on 30 January 1948.

8. Mani Bhavan

Mani Bhavan was Mahatma Gandhi’s headquarters during his seven-year stay in Mumbai. Gandhiji worked from the estate during Satyagraha movement against the Rowlatt Act, where many Indians suspended all their business activities as a sign of opposition. The house has been turned into a museum now, with attractions like the room Gandhiji occupied, a picture gallery, library hall and the terrace where he was arrested on 4 January 1932. Shiva Rao shares: “This is in Gamdevi, part of Grant road, Mumbai Mani Bhavan brings back all memories if Gandhiji and Kasturba, their life lifestyle, how simple, it was etc. The many photos, pictures, books, also tell the story of the Great Mahatma and Maa Kasturba, their devotion to nation etc. Worth a visit to this great museum.” - 3 Reviews, 769 Sightseeings © strayingaround.blogspot.com Mani Bhavan was Mahatma Gandhi’s headquarters during his seven-year stay in Mumbai. Gandhiji worked from the estate during Satyagraha movement against the Rowlatt Act, where many Indians suspended all their business activities as a sign of opposition. The house has been turned into a museum now, with attractions like the room Gandhiji occupied, a picture gallery, library hall and the terrace where he was arrested on 4 January 1932. Shiva Rao shares: “This is in Gamdevi, part of Grant road, Mumbai Mani Bhavan brings back all memories if Gandhiji and Kasturba, their life lifestyle, how simple, it was etc. The many photos, pictures, books, also tell the story of the Great Mahatma and Maa Kasturba, their devotion to nation etc. Worth a visit to this great museum.” - 3 Reviews, 769 Sightseeings

Mani Bhavan was Mahatma Gandhi’s headquarters during his seven-year stay in Mumbai. Gandhiji worked from the estate during Satyagraha movement against the Rowlatt Act, where many Indians suspended all their business activities as a sign of opposition. The house has been turned into a museum now, with attractions like the room Gandhiji occupied, a picture gallery, library hall and the terrace where he was arrested on 4 January 1932. 

In pics: Stars who played freedom fighters 

Even as India celebrate its 68th Republic Day, here is a look at actors who portrayed freedom fighters on the silver screen. Stars who played freedom fighters

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