You are using an older browser version. Please use a supported version for the best MSN experience.

Poland passes legislation allowing migrant pushbacks at border

Reuters logo Reuters 14/10/2021
Polish Army soldiers are seen in front of the Border Guard headquarters in Michalowo © Reuters/KACPER PEMPEL Polish Army soldiers are seen in front of the Border Guard headquarters in Michalowo

WARSAW (Reuters) - Poland's parliament passed legislation on Thursday that human rights advocates say aims to legalise pushbacks of migrants across its borders in breach of the country's commitments under international law.

Poland, Lithuania and Latvia have reported sharp increases in migrants from countries such as Afghanistan and Iraq trying to cross their frontiers from Belarus, in what Warsaw and Brussels say is a form of hybrid warfare designed to put pressure on the EU over sanctions it imposed on Minsk.

Road sign with 'Area covered by a state of emergency' is seen near Belarusian-Polish border in Nowosady © Reuters/KACPER PEMPEL Road sign with 'Area covered by a state of emergency' is seen near Belarusian-Polish border in Nowosady

Rights groups have criticised Poland's nationalist government over its treatment of migrants at the border, with accusations of multiple illegal pushbacks. Six people have been found dead near the border since the surge of migrants.

Polish Army soldiers are seen in front of the Border Guard headquarters in Michalowo © Reuters/KACPER PEMPEL Polish Army soldiers are seen in front of the Border Guard headquarters in Michalowo

Border guards argue they are acting in accordance with government regulations amended in August and now written into law. The legislation must now be signed by President Andrzej Duda, an ally of the ruling nationalists, to take force.

The amendments include a procedure whereby a person caught illegally crossing the border can be ordered to leave Polish territory based on a decision by the local Border Guard chief.

The order may be appealed to the commander of the Border Guard, but this does not suspend its execution.

Additionally, the bill allows the chief of the Office of Foreigners to disregard an application for international protection by a foreigner immediately caught after illegally crossing the border.

Polish Army soldiers are seen in front of the Border Guard headquarters in Michalowo © Reuters/KACPER PEMPEL Polish Army soldiers are seen in front of the Border Guard headquarters in Michalowo

Under international law, migrants have a right to claim asylum and it is forbidden to send potential asylum-seekers back to where their lives or well-being might be in danger.

The EU's home affairs commissioner has said EU countries need to protect the bloc's external borders, but that they also have to uphold the rule of law and fundamental rights.

Critics such as Poland's Human Rights Ombudsman and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe's (OSCE) Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights say the new law does not guarantee effective recourse for people - migrants or refugees - seeking international protection.

Road sign with 'Area covered by a state of emergency' is seen near Belarusian-Polish border in Nowosady © Reuters/KACPER PEMPEL Road sign with 'Area covered by a state of emergency' is seen near Belarusian-Polish border in Nowosady

"If there are people who have a legitimate request to seek asylum, there should be a way to allow that to happen," ODIHR director Matteo Mecacci told Reuters.

"I understand there are also security concerns...but security concerns cannot completely overrun the need for international protection."

(Reporting by Justyna Pawlak and Anna Wlodarczak-Semczuk; Editing by Mark Heinrich)

View the full site

image beaconimage beaconimage beacon