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Basic Techniques - Using Appliances

DK PublishingDK Publishing 2/07/2014 DKBooks
© Provided by DKBooks

© Provided by DKBooks

© Provided by DKBooks

© Provided by DKBooks

© Provided by DKBooks

© Provided by DKBooks

Using Appliances

A food processor or heavy-duty electric mixer can be used as an alternative to mixing and kneading bread dough by hand. When using a food processor, check the capacity of your machine and, if necessary, divide the ingredients evenly so you can mix and knead the dough in batches. Some kneading by hand will also be necessary. Bread dough can be made entirely in a heavy-duty electric mixer by using the mixing paddle to mix and the dough hook to knead. Be careful not to overwork the dough – high speeds stress the dough, causing it to rise incorrectly. Make use of the pulse button or low-speed setting on each appliance.


Using a food processor

Before starting, always fit the machine with a plastic dough blade. A metal blade will stress and overheat the dough.

Put the flour and any other dry ingredients into the work bowl; pulse to mix. With the machine running, pour in the dissolved yeast, followed by half the remaining liquid. If using a starter, as specified in the recipe, add it to the work bowl at this point.

Add the rest of the water and continue to run the machine until the dough starts to form into a ball. Then let the dough rest in the machine for 5 minutes. Process the dough to knead for a further 45 seconds. Turn out onto a lightly floured work surface and continue to knead by hand until smooth and elastic, about 3–5 minutes. Let the dough rise.


Handy tips

Use slightly cool water to dissolve the yeast to counterbalance the heat generated by the machine.

When preparing the dough in batches, turn them out onto a lightly floured work surface. Knead them together to form one piece of dough. Continue until smooth and elastic.

Use the pulse button to prevent the machine from overheating the dough. Do not run the machine continuously for more than 30 seconds at a time.


Using a heavy-duty mixer

Dissolve the yeast or make a starter, as specified in the recipe, and place directly in the mixing bowl. Use the paddle attachment to mix in half the flour on low speed, then add the remaining liquid ingredients to the bowl.

Once the mixture forms into a loose batter, remove the paddle. Replace it with the dough hook. Add the remaining dry ingredients gradually to the mixer.

Continue adding the dry ingredients until the dough pulls away from the sides of the bowl. Increase the speed to medium and work the dough until smooth and elastic, about 8–10 minutes. If the dough climbs up the hook, stop the machine, push it back down, and continue. Remove the dough from the mixing bowl to rise.


Handy tips

Use only an electric mixer with a proper dough hook for kneading. A mixer with only paddle and whisk attachments is not equipped for breadmaking.

An electric mixer is particularly helpful for kneading very stiff doughs as well as doughs with enrichments and flavorings added to them.

Check the recipe for the dough consistency required. Add extra water, if needed, 1 tablespoon at a time.

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