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South Italy & the Islands - Wine Map of South Italy & the Islands

DK PublishingDK Publishing 2/07/2014 DKBooks
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Grape picker at D’Ambra, Campania

© Provided by DKBooks

Photo: Sardegna © Provided by DKBooks Sardegna

Vineyards near Menfi, Sicilia

Photo: Tending Aglianico vines, Basilicata © Provided by DKBooks Tending Aglianico vines, Basilicata

Photo: Vineyards near Menfi, Sicilia © Provided by DKBooks Vineyards near Menfi, Sicilia

Tending Aglianico vines, Basilicata

Photo: Grape picker at D’Ambra, Campania © Provided by DKBooks Grape picker at D’Ambra, Campania

Sardegna

Wine Map of South Italy & the Islands

No vineyard in Italy is far from the sea. Coastal sites at lower altitudes in the south experience the greatest maritime influence, while those planted farther inland balance altitude with the impact of the sea. The fertile plains of Puglia form one of the country’s largest wine producing areas. In contrast, winegrowing in hillier Basilicata, Campania, and Calabria is more difficult, and there are only a handful of DOC(G)s. The islands of Sicilia (Sicily) and Sardegna (Sardinia) share both geographical isolation and viticultural diversity.


South Italy & the islands: Areas & top producers

Puglia

Candido

Cantina del Locorotondo

Felline

Leone de Castris

Rivera

Taurino

Vallone


Campania

Caggiano

D’Ambra

Fattoria Villa Matilde

Feudi di San Gregorio

Molettieri

Terredora


Calabria

Librandi

Odoardi


Sardegna

Argiolas

Cantina Gallura

Cantina di Santadi

Capichera

Contini


Sicilia

Benanti

Calatrasi

Colosi

Cusumano

Donnafugata

Firriato

Gulfi

Marco de Bartoli

Morgante

Murana

Palari

Planeta

Valle dell’Acate


Perfect case: South Italy & the Islands

Terroir at a glance

Latitude:

41.5–37°N.


Altitude:

10–600 m.


Topography:

The Apennine mountain range dominates the mainland, with the best vineyards situated in north-facing foothills. Many Sicilian vineyards are planted on the slopes of Monte Etna.


Soil:

Predominantly volcanic and granite, with some clay and chalk.


Climate:

The southern location and the sirocco (a hot wind from Africa) ensure high ripening temperatures, while the influence of the Mediterranean reduces nocturnal temperatures in coastal areas by as much as 36°F (20°C).


Temperature:

July average is 76°F (24.5°C).


Rainfall:

Annual average is 600 mm. The South’s hardy grape varieties can ripen to perfection despite the absence of water during the growing season.


Viticultural hazards:

Sirocco wind, which can desiccate grapes; drought; rapid ripening.

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