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50 cities with the world's most painful commutes

8/09/2015

Milan, Italy© Filippo Maria Bianchi/Getty Images Milan, Italy

TomTom, the Dutch company known for its navigation and mapping products, has released its annual Traffic Index, to understand global city traffic congestion. The report considers local roads, arterials and highways from 218 countries across six continents. The methodology used was measuring travel times during the whole day and during peak hours, and then comparing them with travel time during non-congested hours. Click through to find out which cities make it to the top 50.

50. Milan, Italy

Congestion level on highways: 20 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 36 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 66 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 55 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 87 hours

49. Quanzhou, China

Congestion level on highways: 32 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 30 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 39 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 61 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 77 hours

48. Stockholm, Sweden

© Casper Hedberg/Bloomberg News

Congestion level on highways: 26 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 33 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 57 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 65 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 87 hours

47. Toronto, Canada

Congestion level on highways: 24 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 35 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 53 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 66 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 87 hours

46. Seattle, Washington, United States

© Elaine Thompson/AP Photo

Congestion level on highways: 26 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 35 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 51 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 74 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 89 hours

45. New York City, New York, United States

Congestion level on highways: 24 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 37 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 48 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 56 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 79 hours

44. Hamburg, Germany

© Rex Images

Congestion level on highways: 28 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 35 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 48 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 55 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 78 hours

43. Honolulu, Hawaii, United States

Congestion level on highways: 26 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 36 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 51 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 68 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 88 hours

42. Nanjing, China

© ChinaFotoPress/Getty Images

Congestion level on highways: 27 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 33 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 59 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 62 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 87 hours

41. Auckland, New Zealand

Congestion level on highways: 29 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 35 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 68 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 73 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 95 hours

40. Manchester, England

© Phil Noble/Reuters

Congestion level on highways: 27 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 36 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 67 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 72 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 94 hours

39. Changsha, China

Congestion level on highways: 35 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 33 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 54 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 64 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 85 hours

38. Singapore

© Nicky Loh/Bloomberg

Congestion level on highways: 24 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 38 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 54 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 65 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 87 hours

37. Izmir, Turkey

Congestion level on highways: 18 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 39 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 44 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 55 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 76 hours

36. Sao Paulo, Brazil

© Paulo Fridman/Bloomberg News

Congestion level on highways: 23 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 43 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 44 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 59 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 77 hours

35. Changchun, China

Congestion level on highways: 18 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 34 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 56 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 63 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 86 hours

34. Ankara, Turkey

© Kerem Uzel/Bloomberg

Congestion level on highways: 17 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 37 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 44 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 52 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 74 hours

33. Zhuhai, China

Congestion level on highways: 39 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 33 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 52 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 79 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 90 hours

32. Brussels, Belgium

© Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Congestion level on highways: 30 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 35 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 67 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 71 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 94 hours

31. Shenzhen, China

Congestion level on highways: 28 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 35 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 54 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 81 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 93 hours

30. Hangzhou, China

© Feifei Cui-Paoluzzo/Getty Images

Congestion level on highways: 38 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 34 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 59 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 63 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 88 hours

29. Shenyang, China

Congestion level on highways: 22 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 34 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 56 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 65 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 86 hours

28. Fuzhou, China

© Qiang Fu/Getty Images

Congestion level on highways: 21 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 35 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 59 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 74 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 92 hours

27. Athens, Greece

Congestion level on highways: 13 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 40 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 54 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 50 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 78 hours

26. San Francisco, California, United States

© Eric Risberg/AP Photo

Congestion level on highways: 29 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 39 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 53 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 68 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 87 hours

25. Shijiazhuang, China

Congestion level on highways: 19 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 36 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 60 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 72 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 91 hours

24. Shanghai, China

© Carlos Barria/Reuters

Congestion level on highways: 39 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 34 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 66 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 67 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 92 hours

23. Fortaleza, Brazil

Congestion level on highways: 47 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 33 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 52 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 62 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 84 hours

22. Paris, France

© Christophe Lehenaff/ Getty Images

Congestion level on highways: 35 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 35 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 64 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 64 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 90 hours

21. Sydney, Australia

Congestion level on highways: 31 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 37 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 66 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 64 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 91 hours

20. Vancouver, Canada

© Julia Hoyle/Press Association Images

Congestion level on highways: 13 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 41 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 53 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 66 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 86 hours

19. Chengdu, China

Congestion level on highways: 24 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 37 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 64 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 67 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 91 hours

18. Marseille, France

© BORIS HORVAT/AFP/Getty Images

Congestion level on highways: 23 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 42 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 63 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 71 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 92 hours

17. Guangzhou, China

Congestion level on highways: 31 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 40 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 40 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 73 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 84 hours

16. London, England

© Michael England/Getty Images

Congestion level on highways: 22 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 43 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 65 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 67 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 92 hours

15. Beijing, China

Congestion level on highways: 43 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 35 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 63 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 74 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 94 hours

14. Tianjin, China

© Ed Jones/AFP/Getty Images

Congestion level on highways: 17 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 40 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 56 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 64 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 87 hours

13. Rome, Italy

Congestion level on highways: 24 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 43 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 71 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 65 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 93 hours

12. Chongqing, China

© Rex Images

Congestion level on highways: 32 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 39 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 82 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 84 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 104 hours

11. Taipei, Taiwan

Congestion level on highways: 27 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 40 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 55 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 77 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 92 hours

10. Los Angeles, California, United States

© TIM MCCAIG/Getty Images

Congestion level on highways: 36 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 42 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 60 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 80 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 95 hours

9. Warsaw, Poland

Congestion level on highways: 37 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 42 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 69 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 75 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 96 hours

8. Bucharest, Romania

© Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Congestion level on highways: 28 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 45 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 78 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 82 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 103 hours

7. Saint Petersburg, Russia

Congestion level on highways: 25 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 46 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 67 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 96 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 104 hours

6. Recife, Brazil

© Janine Wiedel/Rex Features

Congestion level on highways: 37 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 55 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 81 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 82 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 103 hours

5. Salvador, Brazil

Congestion level on highways: 33 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 50 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 62 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 75 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 93 hours

4. Moscow, Russia

© Andrey Rudakov/Bloomberg

Congestion level on highways: 67 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 45 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 77 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 103 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 109 hours

3. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Congestion level on highways: 49 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 52 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 72 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 81 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 99 hours

2. Mexico City, Mexico

© Daniel Aguilar/Reuters

Congestion level on highways: 46 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 59 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 93 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 89 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 110 hours

1. Istanbul, Turkey

© Kerem Uzel/Bloomberg

Congestion level on highways: 79 percent
Congestion level on non-highways: 50 percent
Morning peak (Monday to Friday): 76 percent
Evening peak (Monday to Friday): 109 percent
Delay per year with a 30 min commute: 110 hours

Click here for the complete list. 

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