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Anniversary of Nepalquake: Thousands Are Still Homeless

ICE Graveyard 25/04/2016 Kishor Panthi

2016-04-24-1461518429-7305474-IMG_3867.JPG © Provided by The Huffington Post 2016-04-24-1461518429-7305474-IMG_3867.JPG
Nepal marked an anniversary of the earthquake, which killed thousands. People gathered Sunday at the remains of a historic tower in Nepal's capital that collapsed in a devastating earthquake a year ago, as Nepalese held memorial services to mark the anniversary of a disaster.
Meanwhile, UN Nepal country team issued a press release stating their solidarity with the lives lost and the people affected by last year's earthquake. The UN Country Team expressed their concern about the upcoming monsoon season and the ramifications it could have on the vulnerable quake-affected victims.
500 Aftershocks Over 4 Richter scale
The devastating earthquake occurred in Nepal on 25 April 2015, which killed more than 9,000 people. The country is continued to feel aftershocks since then. More than 500 aftershocks over 4 Richter scale were recorded since April 25. Over 30 thousand tremors were felt in this period. Those aftershocks were enough to force Nepalese people who had already gone to bed to come out of their houses onto open grounds and roads.
Aftershocks spread terror in Nepal and people couldn't sleep properly. People came out on the streets and couldn't sleep into their homes because of rumors of higher intensity earthquake. Nepalese are still restless because of the rumor and news of another bigger earthquake.
Fear of Another Earthquake
Another major earthquake in the Himalayan Mountains may be imminent according to some news and researchers. However, it's hard to predict about an earthquake. According to researchers, a major tremor could hit Nepal's Gorkha district within years rather than the centuries that usually pass between quakes. Lead author John Elliott of Oxford University said the rupture, shooting upward through the fault line from deep below, stopped abruptly 11km (6.8 miles) beneath the Nepalese capital, leaving an unbroken upper portion nearer the surface. The unbroken upper part of the fault is continuously building up more pressure over time. As this part of the fault is nearer the surface, the future rupture of this upper portion has the potential for a much greater impact on Kathmandu if it were to break in one go in a similar-sized event to that of April 2015 according to the research.
Scientists can predict where an earthquake is likely to strike, but there is no way to tell exactly when it will happen, or how big it will be. This is why Nepalese people are living in fear of another bigger earthquake. Nepalese government and people should take this warning as an aware alarm and they should be well prepared for when it does happen. Earthquakes don't kill people. Buildings and structures do. But it's possible to build an earthquake-proof building and structures. Engineering techniques that can be used to create a very sound structure that will endure a modest or even strong quake. Nepalese people and the government should be aware of minimizing damage when another earthquake happens.
Thousands Are Still Homeless
Hundreds of thousands of people were made homeless because of the earthquake. After a year of the earthquake, thousands of people are still homeless. The government announced reconstruction aid is yet to reach the victims.
More than 600,000 homes were destroyed and around 185,000 damaged in the quake. But only 661 families have received the first installment of $1890 (Approx.) government grant, getting $470 (Approx.) so far. The amount of government grant is not enough to rebuild home.
Emergency relief reached most people. But the rebuilding process is too slow. The full amount of money may never materialize due to delays caused by the government. Out of the 4.1 billion dollars pledged, Nepal has so far received just 1.28 billion dollars but hasn't spent billions dollar donations. The rest of the money is sitting in the bank accounts of the donors because of the government of Nepal.
On the one hand, many quake survivors are still living in temporary shelters; on the other hand, donors are expressing dissatisfaction and raising questions over the slow progress in relief distribution and recovery efforts.

EARTHQUAKE © Pete Starman via Getty Images EARTHQUAKE
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