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Brazil awaits key impeachment step

BBC News BBC News 11/04/2016
Members of the Movement Vem Pra Rua set up boards depicting members of the lower house against and in favour of the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff, in front of the National Congress in Brasilia on April 10, 2016. © AFP Members of the Movement Vem Pra Rua set up boards depicting members of the lower house against and in favour of the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff, in front of the National Congress in Brasilia on April 10, 2016.

Brazil is awaiting the outcome of a congressional committee vote - a key step in the process to impeach President Dilma Rousseff.

A composite image showing Dilma Rousseff and the breakdown of votes needed to avoid impeachment © Reuters A composite image showing Dilma Rousseff and the breakdown of votes needed to avoid impeachment

The 65-member committee will decide whether to recommend impeachment over allegations she manipulated government accounts to hide a growing deficit.

Prisoners from the Provisional Detention Center set up a security fence to separate the demonstrators against and supporting the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff, in front of the Congress in the Esplanada dos Ministerios in Brasilia, on April 10, 2016.: Prisoners helped set up barricades in Brasilia © AFP Prisoners helped set up barricades in Brasilia

Police in Brazil are preparing for protests in the capital, Brasilia.

Workers set up a protective fence to separate the demonstrators against the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff from those supporting it, in front of the Congress in the Esplanada dos Ministerios in Brasilia, on April 10, 2016.: A 2m-high wall is meant to keep rival groups of protesters separated © AFP A 2m-high wall is meant to keep rival groups of protesters separated

A two-metre-high (6.5ft) metal barricade is being built to keep anti- and pro-government protesters apart.

A demonstrator holds an inflatable doll known as "Pixuleco" of Brazil"s former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva during a protest against Brazil"s President Dilma Rousseff appointment of Lula da Silva as her chief of staff at Paulista avenue in Sao Paulo, Brazil, March 17, 201: Former President Lula has become a target of anti-government protesters © Reuters Former President Lula has become a target of anti-government protesters

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The committee began its deliberations at about 11:00 local time (14:00 GMT), O Globo reported.

Attorney General Jose Eduardo Cordozo, speaking for the president at a bad-tempered meeting, condemned the "flawed" process.

"It is absurd to dismiss a president who has not committed crimes, nor stolen a penny. And such a process without crime or fraud, would be a coup," he said.

But the committee's rapporteur, Jovair Arantes, who last week said there were grounds for the impeachment process to continue, on Monday defended that decision, saying it had been backed by lawyers, economists and the media.

The committee's vote is largely symbolic, as no matter what the outcome of it is, the full lower house of Congress will vote on the impeachment later this week or at the beginning of next.

But analysts say it will serve as an indicator of how key members of the lower house feel about impeaching the president, and media suggest the committee's vote could be close.

Divided nation

Brazilian media are reporting that more than 100 members of the 513-strong lower house are still undecided.

If Ms Rousseff, who strongly denies the allegations against her, can get 172 members to oppose the impeachment, the proceedings will be shelved.

If, however, 342 vote in favour of the impeachment, the matter will go to the Senate.

The Senate will then have to decide whether to proceed with the impeachment. A simple majority would suffice for that.

If that happens, Ms Rousseff will be suspended for 180 days while the impeachment trial continues in the Senate.

For her to be removed from office permanently, two-thirds of the Senate will have to vote in favour.

The security forces said they were expecting mass protests to coincide with the vote in the lower house with smaller demonstrations in the days preceding it.

Prisoners helped the security forces build an 80m-long metal barricade on the esplanade in front of the congressional building to keep supporters and opponents of the government apart.

Protesters have also been told to refrain from bringing inflatable dolls to the demonstrations and from wearing masks or otherwise obscuring their faces.

Dolls of former President Lula wearing prison clothing are a common sight at anti-government protests.

Brazilians are divided into those who support the government and who say the impeachment process is a coup d'etat against Ms Rousseff and those who allege that she and her predecessor in office, Lula, are corrupt.

The latest Datafolha opinion poll suggests 61% favour impeachment, down from 68% in March.

Lula is under investigation for alleged money laundering, which he denies.

Brazil's Supreme Court is expected to rule this week on whether Lula can take up the post of chief of staff to Ms Rousseff.

Lula was sworn in to the post last month but was suspended almost immediately by a judge because of the allegations against him.

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