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Canada emergency over suicide attempts

BBC News BBC News 11/04/2016
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau speaks about a Saskatchewan school shooting during a news conference in Davos, January 22, 2016.: Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau called the attempted suicides "heartbreaking" © Reuters Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau called the attempted suicides "heartbreaking"

An indigenous community in northern Canada has declared a state of emergency after 11 people attempted to take their own lives in one day.

Attawapiskat Chief Theresa Spence held a hunger strike in 2013 over living standards © Getty Images Attawapiskat Chief Theresa Spence held a hunger strike in 2013 over living standards

The Attawapiskat First Nation in Ontario saw 28 suicide attempts in March and more than 100 since last September, Canadian media said, with one person reported to have died.

Protests in Ottawa: The plight of indigenous people has sparked protests in Ottawa © Getty Images The plight of indigenous people has sparked protests in Ottawa

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau called the news "heartbreaking".

Red River Woman © BBC Red River Woman

Canada's 1.4 million indigenous people have high levels of poverty.

Their life expectancy is also below the Canadian average.

Bruce Shisheesh, the chief of the Attawapiskat First Nation community, said 11 people attempted to take their own lives on Saturday, prompting him to declare a state of emergency.

He tweeted that the regional Weeneebayko Health Authority was flying in a crisis team, mental health nurses and social workers, and that he was waiting for Ontario's minister of health to deliver more emergency workers to the area.

The First Nations government was sending a crisis response unit to the community following the declaration on Saturday, Canadian media said.

Attawapiskat First Nation

isolated First Nation tribe in Kenora District, northern Ontario, Canada

population around 2,000 on the reserve

former chief Theresa Spence had a hunger strike in 2013 to protest over the Canadian government not providing enough money, education and health care for the tribe

had a state of emergency in 2011, the third in three years, due to low temperatures and insufficient housing

in 2013 accused Stephen Harper's Conservative government of being right-wing and racist

The Health Canada federal agency said in a statement it had sent two mental health counsellors as part of that unit.

Charlie Angus, the local MP, said: "This is a systemic crisis affecting the communities."

"There's just not been a serious response from any level of government until now," he said.

"We'll continue to work to improve living conditions for all Indigenous peoples," Prime Minister Trudeau said.

Another Canadian aboriginal community in the western province of Manitoba appealed for federal aid last month, citing six suicides in two months and 140 suicide attempts in two weeks.

Suicide and self-inflicted injuries are among the top causes of death for First Nations, M├ętis and Inuit people, according to studies from Health Canada.

National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations Perry Bellegarde called for a national strategy to combat indigenous suicide last month.

"Immediate support to communities is essential & a #FirstNations driven national strategy on mental health," he tweeted on Monday.

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