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How the Gallipoli campaign unfolded

NZ Newswire logoNZ Newswire 24/04/2017

KEY DATES OF THE GALLIPOLI CAMPAIGN

1914

November 1 - First convoy of Australian and New Zealand troops departs for Europe from Albany, Western Australia

5 - The United Kingdom declares war on Turkey

1915

January 13 - British War Council approves naval operation to the Dardanelles

March 18 - French and British naval operation fails

22 - Britain decides to launch land campaign on the Gallipoli peninsula

April 25 - Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZACs) land at Anzac Cove, more than 1700 casualties evacuated in first 24 hours

26 - Australian submarine HMAS AE2 is first Allied vessel to sneak through the Dardanelles

27-29 - Anzac troops survive Turkish attempts to drive them into the sea

May 5 - Turkish shell Anzac Cove in what's known as "Beachy Bill", resulting in more than 1000 casualties

8 - Anzac troops join British attack at Helles, losing 1000 men out of 2000.

19 - Australian legend John Simpson Kirkpatrick, famed for rescuing fallen troops with his donkey, is killed

24 - Armistice declared for nine hours to bury dead soldiers in no man's land

August 6 - The major battle of the Gallipoli campaign, the August Offensive begins

6 - The six-day Lone Pine diversion starts

7 - Four waves of men in Australia's 3rd Light Horse Brigade wiped out at the Battle of the Nek

8 - New Zealand and English forces gain foothold at vital outpost Chunuk Bair

10 - Turkish troops force Allied servicemen off Chunuk Bair

21-29 - The Battle for Hill 60 ends with major casualties, August Offensive fails

November 22 - English Secretary of State for War Horatio Kitchener recommends evacuation of Anzac Cove and Suvla

27 - Blizzard hits Gallipoli peninsula, reinforcing the need to evacuate

December 9-18 - More than 16,000 troops evacuated from Anzac Cove mostly at night

18-20 - Remaining 20,000 Australia and New Zealand soldiers withdrawn

20 - Evacuation of Anzac Cove and Suvla completed before dawn.

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