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Humans living on Mars will EVOLVE into a different species explains leading scientist

Mirror logo Mirror 14/03/2017 Jeff Parsons
Credits: National Geographic Channels © Provided by Trinity Mirror Plc Credits: National Geographic Channels

The first humans to settle on Mars could undergo speedy evolutionary changes in order to adapt to the hostile environment.

Scott Soloman, an evolutionary biologist, has penned a book entitled Future Humans: Inside the Science of Our Continuing Evolution .

In it, he argues that skin pigmentation and skeletal structure will change to suit the Martian environment.

“This (evolution) happens routinely to animals and plants isolated on islands – think of Darwin’s famous finches," writes the Texas-based author in the book.

“But while speciation on islands can take thousands of years, the accelerated mutation rate on Mars and the stark contrasts between conditions on Mars and Earth would likely speed up the process."

He calls this the "Founder Effect" and notes that what would usually take millions of years could be sped up to only 6,000.

Solomon predicts the gravitational changes will mean humans develop thicker bones on Mars. Similarly, their skin colour may darken as a result of the carotenoid pigments found in various foods they will have to eat.

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Although the Martian surface is hit with six times the amount of yearly radiation we experience on Earth, Solomon believes this could speed up the evolution.

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