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Key's possible talking points in Indonesia

NZ NewswireNZ Newswire 16/07/2016

Key has previously talked with Widodo about the threat posed by foreign fighters returning from the Middle East to countries like Indonesia and Malaysia © Getty Images Key has previously talked with Widodo about the threat posed by foreign fighters returning from the Middle East to countries like Indonesia and Malaysia TRADE BEEF

Indonesia was once New Zealand's second-largest beef export market. But since 2010, Indonesia's restrictions on beef imports have resulted in a dramatic 80 per cent decline in New Zealand's exports and the government is waiting on the outcome of a WTO case it took challenging Indonesia's agricultural trade barriers. However, with Indonesia tipped to be the world's seventh-largest economy by 2030, there are still plenty of other opportunities for New Zealand exporters and businesses.

THE DEATH PENALTY

New Zealand was quick to condemn the executions of the Bali Nine ringleaders, Australians Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran, in April last year. Indonesia's attorney-general indicated last month that 16 people are set to face the firing squad this year, while there's the budget to execute another 30 in 2017. There are more than 200 people on death row in Indonesia - just over a quarter of them for drug-related crimes. New Zealand has long opposed the use of the death penalty and it raised the issue with Indonesia in the past.

REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS

There are more than 13,000 refugees and asylum-seekers registered with the UN's refugee agency in Indonesia. Earlier this year, during the Bali Process talks, Indonesia urged both New Zealand and Australia to do more to resettle refugees from Southeast Asia - something Key said wasn't unreasonable. Indonesia is also a notorious launching base for people smugglers. While most boats are bound for Australia, there was one incident last year where a boat bound for New Zealand was intercepted by Australian officials, who allegedly paid the boat's crew to turn back to Indonesia.

SOUTH CHINA SEA

This week's ruling from the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague on China's claims in the South China Sea won't go unnoted by Key and Widodo. While neither country was directly involved in the court action, it does have implications for the region. New Zealand doesn't take a position on the various territorial claims in the highly contested passage of water, but it says maintaining peace and stability in the South China Sea is vital to the ongoing prosperity of the wider Asia-Pacific.

SECURITY TERRORISM

Key has previously talked with Widodo about the threat posed by foreign fighters returning from the Middle East to countries like Indonesia and Malaysia. Terrorist groups have been operating in Indonesia for a long period of time and despite the relative calm since the 2002 Bali bombings, Key has been worried about the potential for that to change. In January, Islamic State claimed responsibility for an attack in Jakarta that left seven people, including five attackers, dead.

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