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Researchers create mirror image of DNA-copying protein

Engadget Engadget 17/05/2016 David Lumb
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Scientists at Tsinghua University in Beijing have created a mirror-image version of a protein responsible for two life-critical functions:, copying DNA and transcribing it into RNA. This is a crucial step in someday making reverse-versions of molecules that could be more resistant to viral attacks.While some molecules are "chiral" and naturally exist in normal and reverse forms, life mostly guides things into one orientation: cell DNA twists rightward, for example. Viruses and enzymes have evolved to target life in those formats, so the prevailing theory is that manufactured mirror-image versions will resist attacks while still performing their intended functions.

Scientists have been making mirror images of DNA for years, so the Tsinghua researchers were able to order many parts of their experiment, but they did have to build their own reverse version of the DNA polymerase that coordinates copying, which drastically slowed down the process. That will need to speed up to make the process financially rewarding, but biochemical companies are already looking at the lucrative potential for mirror-image molecules, which could more efficiently operate inside the body without being degraded by enzymes that break down typically-oriented molecules.Nature

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