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Syria partial truce comes into effect

Do Not UseDo Not Use 30/04/2016
Children look out from a balcony at a site hit by airstrikes in the rebel-held area of Aleppo (29 April 2016) © Reuters Children look out from a balcony at a site hit by airstrikes in the rebel-held area of Aleppo (29 April 2016)

The Syrian army says it is observing a partial and temporary truce with rebels known as a "regime of calm", apart from in the divided city of Aleppo.

Smoke rises after airstrikes on the rebel-held al-Sakhour neighbourhood of Aleppo (29 April 2016): Aleppo has been excluded from the army's "regime of calm" © Reuters Aleppo has been excluded from the army's "regime of calm"

The truce announced by Syrian forces became operational in two areas an hour after midnight local time on Friday.

A boy carries a baby after a reported barrel bomb attack in the rebel-held Firdous district of Aleppo (29 April 2016): Opposition activists said government helicopters dropped barrel bombs on the Firdous district © Reuters Opposition activists said government helicopters dropped barrel bombs on the Firdous district

A statement said it would last for 24 hours in Damascus and the Eastern Ghouta region outside the capital.

Syrians run for cover following a reported air strike on the rebel-held district of Qatarji, Aleppo (29 April 2016): Aid agencies have warned that Aleppo is on the brink of a humanitarian disaster © AFP Aid agencies have warned that Aleppo is on the brink of a humanitarian disaster

Further air attacks have been carried out on parts of Aleppo - a key battleground in the Syrian civil war.

Graph showing Syrian death toll © BBC Graph showing Syrian death toll

Strikes hit rebel-held districts for a ninth day, with at least three areas reported to have been targeted, causing an unknown number of casualties.

Map of Aleppo © BBC Map of Aleppo

The truce is due to last for 72 hours in the northern countryside of Latakia province.

There has been no explanation as to why the halt in fighting is only temporary,

During Friday, rocket barrages fired by rebels were reported to have killed 15 worshippers in a government-held part of Aleppo.

The Malla Khan mosque in Bab al-Faraj was hit, government officials said, causing heavy casualties. Some of the injured were in a serious condition and were likely to die, state television said.

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In the rebel-held east, government air strikes reportedly left at least 11 dead and destroyed a medical facility - the second to be hit in a week.

Crude barrel bombs were also reported to have smashed into residential neighbourhoods as rescue workers struggled to cope with the casualties.

The BBC's Jim Muir says that the partial truce is the result of high-level contacts between the Americans and Russians, who are being urged by the UN and others to shore up the collapsing cessation of hostilities which came into effect two months ago.

The Syrian army says the partial truce is aimed at depriving the rebels of a pretext for hitting civilian targets and bolstering the existing ceasefire.

The Americans are hoping the process can be extended to Aleppo, which the Russians are reported to have refused to include in the latest truce.

More than 240 people are reported by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights to have been killed in the past nine days of violence there.

'Deliberate' strike

Our correspondent say this has raised fears of a long and bitter new bout of hostilities, which would destroy any hope of a return to negotiations in Geneva.

The Syrian Civil Defence force, whose volunteer emergency response workers are known as the "white helmets", said that among the sites targeted by warplanes was a clinic in the Marja area. A nurse was among several people hurt.

On Wednesday night, the al-Quds Hospital in the rebel-held Sukkari district was destroyed in air strikes that US Secretary of State John Kerry said appeared to have been "deliberate".

Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), which supported the hospital, said on Friday that 50 people, including six members of staff, were believed to have been killed.

The aid agency has warned that government forces are preparing for a major offensive against rebel-held areas of the city.

Large parts of Aleppo have been destroyed and its infrastructure has been severely damaged, leaving civilians without water and electricity for months.

In an interview with the BBC, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon called on Syria's leaders to "go beyond their narrow personal perspectives" and call a halt to the destruction.

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Raad Al Hussein, said the failure of the Security Council to refer the situation in Syria to the International Criminal Court was "an example of the most shameful form of realpolitik".

Russia and the US are backing opposing sides in the conflict.

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