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History of Manus Island detention centre

AAP logoAAP 17/08/2016

THE HISTORY OF THE MANUS ISLAND DETENTION CENTRE

2001: Immigration detention and asylum seeker processing centre established on Manus Island as part of the Howard government's Pacific Solution

2003-4: Manus detention centre falls out of use. Government prefers Nauru

2008: Rudd government closes Manus and Nauru detention centres

Nov 2012: Gillard government reopens Manus and Nauru centres following surge in asylum seeker boat arrivals

Feb-July 2013: UNHCR reports describe living conditions at Manus as "harsh"

Sept 2013: Cornall Review released on sexual abuse allegations at Manus. More guard protocols recommended

Jan 2014: The Guardian releases data showing 110 incidents of self-harm, assaults and hunger strikes over four months

Feb 17 2014: Protests from asylum seekers lead to violent riots at Manus centre, with PNG police and locals reportedly attacking detainees

Iranian asylum seeker Reza Berati, 23, is killed and 62 asylum seekers injured

May 2014: Government report identifies a centre worker as allegedly responsible for Berati's death

Sept 2014: Immigration Minister Scott Morrison indicates Manus will close. Detainees to be sent to Nauru

Dec 14 2014: Senate inquiry into Berati's death finds government failed to protect asylum seekers and victims should receive compensation

Jan 2015: 300 asylum seekers on Manus embark on hunger strikes and self-mutilation

July 2015: Media report a spate of violent crimes at Manus, including the alleged murder of a centre security guard, a machete attack and a gang rape by Australian guards

Feb 2016: Class action involving 600 asylum seekers launched in PNG's Supreme Court to challenge the legality of Manus centre

April 2016: PNG Supreme Court finds Manus centre to be illegal and unconstitutional, forcing Australia to seek other plans for 850 detainees

PNG Prime Minister Peter O'Neill confirms the detention centre will be shut down

August 2016: PNG says Australia agrees to close the centre

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