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Nauru detention centre key events

AAP logoAAP 15/08/2016

KEY EVENTS IN HISTORY OF NAURU IMMIGRATION DETENTION CENTRE

* Howard government introduces the so-called Pacific Solution in 2001 when it sends asylum seekers rescued from a sinking boat by a Norwegian freighter - the MV Tampa - to Nauru.

* A total of 1322 asylum seekers were housed on Nauru between 2001-2008.

* Rudd government closes centre in 2008.

* Asylum-seeker boat arrivals dramatically increase from 2009 onwards.

* After Malaysia people-swap proposal falls over Gillard government adopts 2012 expert panel's recommendation to re-establish offshore processing on Nauru and Manus Island in Papua New Guinea

* Nauru centre significantly damaged after asylum seekers riot in 2013.

* Second Rudd government, before losing the 2013 election, bans refugees who arrive by boat being resettled in Australia.

* Abbott government introduces Operation Sovereign Borders which puts the military in control of boat crackdown in 2013.

* Signs 2014 deal with Cambodia to resettle refugees held on Nauru but the scheme is not popular.

* Australian Human Rights Commission releases Forgotten Children report about the plight of children in immigration detention, which includes a chapter on Nauru. Abbott government furiously attacks it.

* An independent review by Philip Moss in 2015 upholds some allegations of sexual abuse on Nauru but finds no evidence staff from Save the Children were encouraging asylum seekers to self harm or fabrication of abuse claims.

* Senate inquiry in 2015 finds Nauru centre makes 15 recommendations to improve conditions and reporting procedures for abuse and complaints.

* Nauru government announces centre to operate as an open facility on the eve of a High Court challenge in late 2015.

* High Court validates Australia's offshore processing regime in early 2016. The decision has implications for 267 asylum seekers brought to Australia for medical treatment and opens the door to them being returned to Nauru.

* A male refugee dies after setting himself on fire, and a female refugee is treated for burns after self immolation attempt.

* 2000 incident reports including abuse and self-harm allegations leaked to Guardian Australia in August 2016.

* Labor calls for a second Senate inquiry following the release of Nauru files.

* Currently 466 asylum seekers held at Nauru centre and about 900 refugees living in Nauru community.

WHAT WAS SAID ABOUT THE LATEST CLAIMS

"The material that's been published will be examined ... to see if there are any complaints there or issues there that were not properly addressed." - Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull

"We just need a government with the humanity to make sure that the system is administered in a humane and safe fashion." - Opposition Leader Bill Shorten

"I won't tolerate any sexual abuse whatsoever. But I have been made aware of some incidents that have been reported, false allegations of sexual assault, because in the end people have paid money to people smugglers and they want to come to our country." - Immigration Minister Peter Dutton

"We should have a royal commission into the (immigration) detention centre network and its impact on children in detention." - Greens leader Richard Di Natale.

"This leak has laid bare a system of 'routine dysfunction and cruelty' that is at once dizzying in its scale and utterly damning for the Australian authorities who tried so hard to maintain a veil of secrecy." - Amnesty International

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