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Today in history, November 6

AAP logoAAP 5/11/2016

Highlights in history on this date:

1429 - Henry VI is crowned king of England, seven years after acceding to the throne at the age of eight months.

1632 - Sweden's King Gustavus II is killed in the Battle of Lutzen.

1846 - Austria annexes Cracow Republic, violating Treaty of Vienna.

1860 - Abraham Lincoln is elected president of the United States.

1861 - Jefferson Davis is elected to a six-year term as president of the US Confederacy.

1893 - Death of Russian composer Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky.

1911 - After leading the revolution against dictator Porfirio Diaz, Francisco Madero assumes the office of president of Mexico.

1913 - Mohandas K Gandhi is arrested while leading a march of Indian miners in South Africa.

1917 - In World War I, third battle of Ypres ends after five months when Australians and Canadians take Passchendaele. The advance was just 8 km at a cost of at least 240,000 men.

1928 - Jacob Schick obtains a patent for his "shaving implement", the first electric razor; Herbert Hoover is elected US president.

1932 - In German elections, the Nazis lose 34 seats and two million votes but still remain the largest party in the Reichstag with 196 seats.

1935 - The Lady Southern Cross, piloted by Charles Kingsford Smith and "Tommy" Pethybridge, takes off from Allahabad, India during an attempt to set an England-Australia speed record. It later disappears over the Andaman Sea.

1936 - Siege of Madrid begins, and Spanish government moves to Valencia in civil war.

1937 - Italy joins German-Japanese anticomintern pact.

1942 - Tidal wave kills 10,000 people in Bengal, India.

1943 - In World War II, Russians recapture Kiev after two years of Nazi occupation.

1962 - UN General Assembly calls for economic sanctions against South Africa because of its racial policies.

1968 - Vietnam have another session of peace talks in Paris.

1971 - World Synod of Catholic Bishops ends stormy meeting at Vatican, deeply divided on question of whether married men may become priests.

1974 - Soviet Union calls for Palestinian statehood as part of any Middle East settlement.

1975 - Morocco sends 350,000 unarmed people marching into Western Sahara, peacefully seizing the territory from Spain.

1976 - Guerrilla warfare in Rhodesia is endorsed by leaders of neighbouring black countries at meeting in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

1977 - Dam collapse drowns at least 38 people as wall of water submerges trailer camp outside Toccoa in US state of Georgia.

1985 - Colombian army launches assault on the Supreme Court Building, which had been taken over by leftists rebels. Some 100 people, including 11 justices, die in the two-day siege.

1986 - Helicopter ferrying oil workers from offshore rigs crashes in North Sea off Scotland; 45 die.

1987 - UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar announces significantly broader access by governments and individuals to Nazi war crime archives.

1988 - Israeli helicopter gunships rocket Palestinian guerrilla strongholds near southern Lebanese port of Sidon.

1990 - Nawaz Sharif is sworn in as Pakistan's new prime minister amid charges of vote-rigging from ousted premier Benazir Bhutto.

1991 - NATO leaders meeting in Rome formally call a halt to enmity with Soviet Union and its allies and offer them a voice in alliance affairs.

1992 - Nuclear technicians begin loading 1.7 tonnes of highly toxic plutonium onto trucks in La Hague for a controversial voyage that will end in Japan.

1993 - Georgian troops seize Zugdidi, last stronghold of rebels loyal to ousted president Zviad Gamsakhurdia.

1994 - Rescuers struggle to reach cut off villages, families trapped under the rubble of collapsed houses amid the devastation caused by heavy flooding across southern Europe.

1995 - Arab leaders in Jerusalem make a powerful gesture of acceptance to Israel at the funeral of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, putting aside fundamental differences to pay their last respects to a fallen peacemaker.

1996 - More than 2,000 people are killed or lost at sea when a cyclone strikes India's major crop-growing state of Andhra Pradesh.

1997 - Paul Ricard, France's King of Pastis and one of the country's richest and most influential men, dies aged 88. His Pastis de Marseilles brand was sold in 150 countries and was the world's number three alcoholic drink.

1998 - The first talks between India and Pakistan since 1992 over the disputed Siachen glacier end when Pakistan rejects an Indian proposal for a ceasefire.

1999 - Australians vote by 55 to 45 per cent to reject a constitutional referendum to set up a republic and replace the British monarch as head of state.

2000 - Surgeons in London begin to separate conjoined twin girls in a long and complex operation that will kill one baby to give her sister a chance for a long life; Hillary Clinton defeats her Republican opponent for a US Senate seat from New York to become the only US first lady ever to win public office.

2001 - Germany's Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder pledges up to 3,900 German troops for the US war on terrorism, pushing the nation toward its most far-reaching military participation since World War II; In New York, voters pick Republican media mogul Michael Bloomberg as the new mayor to lead the recovery from the September 11 attacks, succeeding Rudolph Giuliani.

2002 - The UN children's agency (UNICEF) says one woman dies every 20 minutes in Afghanistan because of complications during pregnancy or childbirth - a maternal mortality rate that ranks among the highest in the world.

2003 - US authorities reject a German court's request that accused September 11 mastermind Khalid Shaikh Mohammed be allowed to testify in the trial of a suspected member of the Hamburg al-Qaeda cell, Abdelghani Mzoudi.

2004 - Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf becomes the first head of state to visit Afghanistan to congratulate President Hamid Karzai on a successful election.

2005 - An Iraqi Airways Boeing 737, the first Iraqi passenger flight for 25 years, lands in the Iranian capital Tehran; Australian SAS soldier David Russell Nary, 42, is killed in a training exercise in Kuwait.

2006 - Nepal's government and communist rebel leaders finalise an agreement to lock up the guerrillas' weapons - a major step in ending a decade-old insurgency; Former Marxist revolutionary Daniel Ortega heads back to power in a presidential election 16 years after Nicaragua's voters ousted him to end a brutal civil war with US-trained Contra rebels.

2008 - Australia's biggest childcare operator, ABC Learning Centres Ltd, goes into voluntary administration and receivership owing more than $520 million to just three of its major backers.

2009 - Prime Minister Gordon Brown warns Afghanistan's government to take action against corruption, saying he would not risk more British lives there unless it reforms.

2010 - A Yemeni judge orders police to find a radical US-born cleric "dead or alive" after the al-Qaeda-linked preacher fails to appear at his trial for his role in the killing of foreigners.

2011 - 2011 - Greece's embattled prime minister and main opposition leader agree to form an interim government to ensure the country's new European debt deal, capping a week of political turmoil that saw Greece face a catastrophic default that threatened its euro membership and roiled international markets.

2012 - Barack Obama wins election to a second term, beating Republican candidate Mitt Romney; Vladimir Putin fires his defence minister over a corruption scandal but questions remain about what was really behind the downfall over a man who has overseen defence reform in Russia in decades.

2013 - Former Guantanamo Bay detainee David Hicks says he's appealing against his US conviction for supporting terrorism; US student Amanda Knox's defence gets a boost when a new DNA test on a kitchen knife fails to conclusively prove it was the murder weapon used to kill her British roommate Meredith Kercher.

2014 - AC/DC fans express dismay that the band will never tour again after drummer Phil Rudd was arrested and charged with attempting to hire a hitman to kill two people.

2015 - Australian journalist Peter Greste describes returning to his home in Kenya after nearly two years in an Egyptian prison as one of his "happiest moments"; Carbon-cutting pledges from 146 nations are "far from enough" to prevent global warming, the United Nations warns.

Today's Birthdays:

Adolphe Sax, Belgian inventor of the saxophone (1814-1894); John Philip Sousa, US composer (1854-1937); Ignace Jan Paderewski, Polish pianist-statesman (1860-1941); James A Naismith, Canadian credited with inventing basketball (1861-1939); John Alcock, British aviator (1892-1919); James Jones, US novelist (1921-1977); Jean Shrimpton, English model (1942-); George Young, Australian songwriter and musician of Easybeats fame (1946-); Sally Field, US actress (1946-); Glenn Frey, founding member of The Eagles (1948-2016); Maria Shriver, US news correspondent (1955-); Graeme Wood, Australian cricketer (1956-); Kelly Rutherford, US actress (1968-); Ethan Hawke, US actor (1970-); Rebecca Romijn, US supermodel-actress (1972-); British-Zambian actress Thandie Newton (1972-).

Quote From History:

"A diplomatic peace is not yet the real peace. It is an essential step in the peace process leading towards a real peace" - Yitzhak Rabin, Israeli Prime Minister. On November 6, 1995, Israel buried Rabin, assassinated by a fellow Jew who opposed peace with the Palestinians.

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