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What you need to know about STI chlamydia

AAP logoAAP 13/11/2016 Sarah Wiedersehn

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT CHLAMYDIA

* It affects an estimated one in 20 young Australians aged 15 to 29.

* It is spread by unprotected vaginal or anal sex.

* About 80 per cent of people have no symptoms.

* If symptoms are present they will usually appear several weeks after being infected.

* Women with symptoms may notice an abnormal vaginal discharge and, or, a burning sensation when urinating.

* Symptoms in men can include a discharge from their penis; burning sensation when urinating and pain and swelling in one or both testicles.

* If left untreated, it can spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes causing women to become infertile in some cases.

* In males, it can lead to longer-term infection of the testicles.

* It's detected by a simple swab or urine test.

* It's easily treated with antibiotics and sex must be avoided until the full course has been taken and for at least a week after.

* It can be prevented by using a condom

(Source: UNSW's Kirby Institute and the Australian Government Department of Health)

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