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Sarcasm is ‘bad for heart health'

Cover Media logo Cover Media 3 days ago
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Sarcasm could be bad for your heart, warn experts.

Researchers at the University of Tennessee analysed the progress of 2,321 heart attack survivors and determined that individuals with “hostile traits” were more likely to die of a second attack. Hostile character traits include sarcasm, impatience, irritability, cynicism and resentment. Experts believe these characteristics are also linked to the likelihood of a person smoking, drinking, making poor lifestyle choices or following a bad diet.

“(Hostility is) not just a one-off occurrence but characterises how a person interacts with people. We know that taking control of lifestyle habits improves the outlook for heart attack patients and our study suggests that improving hostile behaviours could also be a positive move,” author Tracey Vitori of the University of Tennessee, said in the study findings.

“Hostile individuals have increased clotting times, higher adrenaline levels, above normal cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and increased cardiac reactivity.

“These known inflammatory factors may initiate cardiac events and increase poor clinical outcomes.”

The participants were given a personality test at the beginning of the study and their health was tracked for 24 months. Scientists compared the survival rates to personality scores, to see if a person’s chance of dying from a second heart attack could be predicted by character.

Optimism has been previously proven to reduce blood pressure, stress hormones and an individual’s pulse rate – all of which benefit cardiovascular health. Individuals with a positive outlook are also said to be more likely to do more exercise, follow a healthy diet and less likely to smoke.

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