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Volkswagen Introduces New 1.5-liter Turbo-Four

Motor Trend logo Motor Trend 4/28/2016 Stefan Ogbac
Volkswagen EA211 engine© Provided by MotorTrend Volkswagen EA211 engine

Volkswagen used the 377th Vienna Motor Symposium as the stage to introduce a new turbocharged gasoline engine dubbed the EA211. This engine is the first next-generation gasoline mills that the automaker will rollout throughout its lineup starting late 2016.

With a displacement of 1.5 liters, the EA211 has a small turbocharger to deliver plenty of torque from as low as 1,300 rpm, and is said to provide improved fuel economy. Volkswagen is using an exhaust gas turbo with a variable turbine geometry that's electrically actuated. The engine features direct injection, a 12.5:1 compression ratio, an integrated exhaust manifold and cylinder deactivation. Two versions will initially be available, a 129 hp version or a more powerful variant with 134 hp.

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Thermodynamic efficiency has also been improved in the EA211 thanks to it running on the Miller cycle, where volumetric efficiency is lower compared to an engine with conventional valve timing. The exhaust gas turbocharger also helps provide high turbine output and charge pressure from low speeds, which helps improve the engine's responsiveness. Volkswagen says that compared to the 1.4-liter turbo-four it will eventually replace, the EA211's step change in load to maximum torque is 35 percent faster.

Volkswagen's fourth generation direct-injection system will also be applied for the first time in the EA211 and it has been optimized to increase injection pressure to 350 bar. As a result, the mixture formation has been improved and has led to a significant reduction in particulate emissions. The injector tip's diameter has also been reduced to 6 mm, which was done to improve the combustion chamber's integration, stiffness, and reduce temperatures at the injector plate.

Source: Volkswagen

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