Scabies

Scabies is a skin infestation caused by a tiny microscopic bug known as the human itch mite. This mite is usually passed from skin to skin. It can also be transmitted through infested clothing or bedding. Scabies mites can live on your skin for up to two months. They mate on your skin’s surface, and then the females burrow into your skin and lay eggs. After the eggs hatch, new mites migrate to your skin’s surface. Infestation of other humans can occur when the impregnated female mite is transferred by touch or simply by brushing against the skin of an infected individual. Mites are cream colored with bristles and spines.Scabies is condition that affects people worldwide, irrespective of race or social standing. A person with a scabies infestation usually will have between 10 and 15 mites. Scabies is easily spread. It just requires direct, extended skin-to-skin contact with someone who is infected. The World Health Organization estimates that there are more than 300 million cases of scabies worldwide each year (WHO).Scabies is easily transmitted to household members and sexual partners. Scabies also gets transmitted when people live in close contact with one another and in crowded conditions such as schools, nursing homes, and prisons. If one person is infected with scabies, doctors will usually recommend treatment for the entire group of people in frequent contact with that person. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are two types of scabies—scabies and crusted (or “Norwegian”) scabies (CDC).

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Bone Marrow Transplant

A bone marrow transplant is a medical procedure performed to replace bone marrow that has been damaged or destroyed by disease or chemotherapy. This procedure involves transplanting blood stem cells, which travel to the bone marrow where they produce new blood cells and promote growth of new marrow. Bone marrow is the spongy, fatty tissue inside your bones. It is responsible for creating the following parts of the blood:red blood cells, which carry oxygen and nutrients through the bodywhite blood cells, which are integral in fighting infectionplatelets, which are responsible for the formation of clots Bone marrow also contains immature blood-forming stem cells known as hematopoietic stem cells (HSC). Most cells are already differentiated and can only make copies of themselves. However, these stem cells are unspecialized, meaning they have the potential to multiply through cell division and either remain stem cells or differentiate and mature into many different kinds of blood cells. The HSC found in the bone marrow will make new blood cells throughout your lifespan. A bone marrow transplant replaces your damaged stem cells with healthy cells. This helps your body make enough white blood cells, platelets, or red blood cells to avoid infections, bleeding disorders, or anemia. Healthy stem cells can come from a donor, or they can come from your own body. In such cases, stem cells can be harvested before a person begins chemotherapy or radiation treatment. Those healthy cells are then stored and used in transplantation.

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