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The rise and fall of Theranos founder Elizabeth Holmes, who was once the world's youngest female billionaire

Business Insider Logo By Avery Hartmans and Paige Leskin of Business Insider | Slide 1 of 42: 
  
    Elizabeth Holmes dropped out
    of Stanford University at 19 to start blood-testing startup
    Theranos, and grew the
    company to a valuation of $9 billion.
  
  But it all came crashing down when the shortcomings and
  inaccuracies of the company's technology were exposed, and
  Theranos and Holmes were charged with massive fraud.
  
  HBO debuted a documentary Monday chronicling the trajectory
  of Theranos called "The
  Inventor: Out for Blood in Silicon Valley."
  
  Here's the story of Holmes' rise and eventual downfall. 
  

  In 2014, blood-testing startup Theranos and its founder, Elizabeth
  Holmes, were on top of the world.

  Back then, Theranos
  was a revolutionary idea thought up by a woman hailed as a genius
  who styled herself as a female Steve Jobs. Holmes was the world's
  youngest female self-made billionaire, and Theranos was one of
  Silicon Valley's unicorn startups, valued at an estimated $9
  billion. 

  But then it all came crashing down.

  The shortcomings and inaccuracies of Theranos's technology were
  exposed, along with the role Holmes played in covering it all up.
  Holmes 
  was ousted as CEO and charged with massive fraud, and the
  company was forced to close its labs and testing centers, and
  eventually shutter operations altogether.

  Holmes and Theranos are the focus of a new HBO documentary that
  debuted Monday, called 
  "The Inventor: Out for Blood in Silicon Valley." The
  documentary joins the book
  "Bad Blood" and a 
  podcast from ABC News that have combed through the story of
  Theranos and how its founder was able to defraud investors and
  potential customers.

  This is how Holmes went from precocious child, to ambitious
  Stanford dropout, to an embattled startup founder charged with
  fraud.

Company was worth $9 billion before it all came crashing down

In 2014, blood-testing startup Theranos and its founder, Elizabeth Holmes, were on top of the world.

Back then, Theranos was a revolutionary idea thought up by a woman hailed as a genius who styled herself as a female Steve Jobs. Holmes was the world's youngest female self-made billionaire, and Theranos was one of Silicon Valley's unicorn startups, valued at an estimated $9 billion.

But then it all came crashing down.

The shortcomings and inaccuracies of Theranos' technology were exposed, along with the role Holmes played in covering it all up. Holmes was ousted as CEO and charged with massive fraud, and the company was forced to close its labs and testing centers, and eventually shutter operations altogether.

Holmes and Theranos are the focus of a new HBO documentary that debuted last week, called "The Inventor: Out for Blood in Silicon Valley." The documentary joins the book "Bad Blood" and a podcast from ABC News that have combed through the story of Theranos and how its founder was able to defraud investors and potential customers.

Click ahead to see how Holmes went from precocious child, to ambitious Stanford dropout, to an embattled startup founder charged with fraud.

© Kimberly White/Getty Images for Breakthrough Prize
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