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November 2020 jobs report: The US only added 245,000 jobs in November as jobs engine stalls

CNN logo CNN 12/4/2020 By Anneken Tappe, CNN Business
a person holding a sign © Nam Y. Huh/AP

Hiring in the US is now so slow, it could take another 40 months for the job market to fully recover from the pandemic.

The US economy added 245,000 jobs in November on a seasonally adjusted basis, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported Friday. It was 224,000 fewer than economists had expected and a massive slowdown from the 610,000 jobs added in October, as the recovery is growing more sluggish.

The unemployment rate inched down to 6.7%, from 6.9% in October. But the drop occurred because more workers left the labor force in November. Of the people who were not counted in the labor force, 3.9 million were prevented from looking for work because of the pandemic.

Eight months after Covid-19 brought the economy to a screeching halt, and following better-than-expected improvements over the summer months, the recovery is running out of steam.

President-elect Joe Biden called the report "grim" and said in a statement that "it confirms we remain in the midst of one of the worst economic and jobs crises in modern history."

The economy is still down 9.8 million jobs since February, before the crisis began. That's still more jobs than were lost during the Great Recession. If hiring were to continue at its current pace, it would take until March 2024 for the job market to return to its February 2020 peak.

The retail sector, which had been strengthening over the summer, registered a loss of 35,000 jobs because businesses hired fewer seasonal workers for the holidays.

While a lot of shopping already moved online in the past years, the pandemic gave that trend another boost. Warehousing and transportation jobs continued to grow.

Employment in government declined for the third month in a row, largely because of the loss of temporary workers hired for this year's Census.

"The sharp slowdown in the pace of non-farm payroll gains to 245,000 in November underlines how the renewed surge in virus cases and restrictions is weighing on services demand, which will only intensify this month," wrote Michael Pearce, US senior economist at Capital Economics, in a note to clients.

The real number of Americans out of work would total roughly 19 million, accounting for the number of officially unemployed, plus workers on temporary layoff, those who dropped out of the work force, and people who didn't respond to the survey the jobs report is based on, according to Heidi Shierholz, director of policy at the Economic Policy Institute.


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"If all these workers were taken into account, the unemployment rate would have been 11.2% in November," Shierholz wrote on Twitter.

The jobs report is based on a survey conducted mid-month, and economists worry that it did not yet account for the full effect of the resurgence in infections.

Millions of Americans continue to struggle with joblessness through no fault of their own. The pandemic unemployment benefits introduced by the CARES Act in the spring will expire at year-end unless Congress acts fast.

Biden said Friday he was encouraged by the bipartisan stimulus package proposed earlier this week, adding that Congress needed to act during the lame duck session, as well as in January.

The benefits cliff is coming

Many job seekers are worried about returning to an unsafe work environment and potentially exposing themselves or their loved ones to the virus. This is particularly true for those with preexisting medical conditions in their households.

Sean Blair, 35, from Ohio, who worked for a carpet cleaning businesses until he was furloughed due to the pandemic, is one of these people.

"I am unable to find a job and my extended unemployment benefits end on December 28," Blair told CNN Business. "I have no idea what I will do to be able to pay my mortgage, utilities, car payment, and groceries once that income runs out."

Jason D., 40, from New Jersey, who requested his last name be omitted for privacy reasons, bought a house with his wife and four children last year. After losing his job in March and helping his children with distance learning for the remainder of the pandemic, he and his family are worried what will happen when his benefits lapse.

His wife, Cindy, is now the breadwinner. "We're keeping our heads above water because of unemployment [aid]. We will drown without it," she told CNN Business.

The CARES act offered mortgage forbearance programs for struggling homeowners with government-backed loans, an offer followed by many other lenders. But many homeowners did not think they would need them, or worried about larger payments later, and didn't apply.

For Margaret Hawkins, 64, also from New Jersey, the story is similar after losing her HR job in April. While the expanded unemployment benefits helped her pay her mortgage through part of the pandemic, she finally had to put her home on the market.

"It is a terrible way to end a career that I have loved, leave a town with wonderful friends and have to move to a part of the US with a cheaper cost of living," she said.

Worse still, Hawkins also faced unemployment during the Great Recession just over a decade ago.

Some older workers say they had a hard time finding work even before Covid-19 hit. Now it's even worse.

"I am being forced into retirement. I'm not ready to stop working. This surely was not my plan," said Cynthia Rajski, 61, who worked for a printing business in Indiana until Covid-19 hit.

-- Anna Bahney contributed to this story.

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