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This rollover mistake can sink your retirement savings

CNBC logo CNBC 1/3/2018 Lorie Konish
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When you decide to move your individual retirement account, you want to avoid one error that can make all of your money taxable.

Savers may choose to roll over their retirement funds because they have changed employers or want to access different investment options.

"Be very careful to avoid this fatal trap of getting caught in the once-per-year IRA rollover rule," said Ed Slott, founder of Ed Slott & Co. and an expert on individual retirement accounts. 

The right way to roll over an IRA is to do a direct trustee-to-trustee or bank-to-bank transfer, Slott told CNBC. That way, the money goes from one IRA to another and never touches your hands.

You want to avoid the other way of rolling over an IRA, Slott said, which is the 60-day rollover. This transaction results in the money leaving your IRA with a check payable to you. You then have 60 days to transfer the money into another IRA.

The problem with this is that you can only do one per year. That one-year limitation is not according to the calendar year, Slott cautioned, but every 365 days. The once-per-year IRA rollover rule also applies to both IRAs and Roth IRAs.

"If you do a second rollover, it's taxable. It cannot be fixed," Slott said.

If you have already completed one rollover in the last 12 months, the full amount of your IRA could become taxable if you do another rollover. Plus, those who are under 59½ will face a 10 percent penalty.

"Worst of all, you don't have the IRA tax shelter anymore," Slott said. "You don't have an IRA."


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