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Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen meets with US health official Alex Azar in highest-level summit for decades

CNN logo CNN 8/10/2020 By Paula Hancocks and James Griffiths, CNN
a group of people in a living room: US Secretary of Health and Human Services Alex Azar (L) looks on as Taiwan's President Tsai Ing-wen (R) speaks during his visit to the Presidential Office in Taipei on August 10, 2020. - The US cabinet member met Taiwan's leader on August 10 during the highest level visit from the United States since it switched diplomatic recognition from the island to China in 1979, a trip that Beijing has condemned. (Photo by Pei Chen / POOL / AFP) (Photo by PEI CHEN/POOL/AFP via Getty Images) © PEI CHEN/AFP/POOL/AFP via Getty Images US Secretary of Health and Human Services Alex Azar (L) looks on as Taiwan's President Tsai Ing-wen (R) speaks during his visit to the Presidential Office in Taipei on August 10, 2020. - The US cabinet member met Taiwan's leader on August 10 during the highest level visit from the United States since it switched diplomatic recognition from the island to China in 1979, a trip that Beijing has condemned. (Photo by Pei Chen / POOL / AFP) (Photo by PEI CHEN/POOL/AFP via Getty Images)

Alex Azar, the United States Health and Human Services secretary, met with Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen Monday, the highest-level meeting between Washington and the self-ruled island in decades.

The visit has been condemned by Beijing, which regards Taiwan as Chinese territory, and comes amid an all-time low in US-China relations.

Azar arrived in Taiwan Sunday, where he and his team were given coronavirus tests and were seen wearing face masks. The group was met by members of Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs as well as the director general of the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control and the director of the American Institute in Taiwan, the de facto US embassy.

Speaking Monday, Azar said his trip "demonstrates the robust US-Taiwan partnership on global health and health security, one of many aspects of our comprehensive friendship."

"We consider Taiwan to be a vital partner, a democratic success story, and a force for good in the world," he added.

"There are three overarching themes for this trip. The first is to recognize Taiwan as an open and democratic society, executing a highly successful and transparent COVID-19 response. The second is to reaffirm Taiwan as a long partner and friend of the United States, and to highlight our history of broad collaboration on health and public health. The third is to note that Taiwan deserves to be recognized as a global health leader with an excellent track record of contributing to international health."

Speaking alongside Azar, Tsai thanked US President Donald Trump, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Azar "for their continued recognition of the Taiwan model's contribution to global anti-pandemic efforts, as well as their strong support for Taiwan's international participation."

Taiwan has been widely hailed for its effective response to the coronavirus, with 480 cases and seven deaths from a population of 23 million people. That success served to highlight Taiwan's exclusion from the World Health Organization (WHO), where China has blocked its democratic neighbor from taking an observer seat.

Tsai described that development as "highly regrettable" Monday.

Cross-strait tensions

Though the Communist Party has never controlled Taiwan, Beijing considers the island to be a sovereign part of China.

"China firmly opposes any official interactions between the US and Taiwan. This position is consistent and clear. China has made stern representations with the US side both in Beijing and in Washington," Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said last week.

"I want to stress that the one-China principle is universally recognized by the international community. Any attempt to ignore, deny or challenge that principle is doomed to fail."

Following the 1949 conclusion of the Chinese civil war, when the defeated nationalist government retreated to Taiwan, the Republic of China -- as the island is officially known -- continued to maintain diplomatic relations and a United Nations seat, meaning there were effectively two Chinas competing for recognition and alliances.

As many countries opened relations with the People's Republic of China, they cut off ties with Taiwan, which lost its UN seat in 1971.

Today, few countries have diplomatic relations with the island, instead recognizing Beijing as the legitimate "one-China" government. However many countries, including the US, do not acknowledge Chinese claims to sovereignty over the island of Taiwan.

In recent years, as Taiwan moved further from China's orbit, electing Tsai's pro-independence Democratic People's Party, calls have grown in some quarters for countries to do more to support the island in the face of Chinese pressure, both military and diplomatic.

According to Taiwan's defense ministry, on Monday morning, several Chinese fighter jets buzzed the island, a common occurrence in the contested airspace over the Taiwan Strait. The ministry said that "Chinese fighters' deliberate harassment has ruined the current cross-strait status and has seriously damaged the safety of the region."

The coronavirus crisis, and Taiwan's successful response, has bolstered Taipei's standing globally, with dozens of countries supporting a motion at a recent WHO meeting -- eventually dropped due to time constraints -- to readmit Taiwan as an observer.

With tensions growing between Washington and Beijing, the US appears to be willing to engage with Taiwan far more than in the past, including through arms sales and visits like Azar's.

Speaking Monday, Azar said his visit was "consistent with the United States' long standing 'one-China policy' and past engagement with Taiwan."

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