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Artist James Rosenquist, a key pop art figure, dies at 83

Associated Press logo Associated Press 4/1/2017
FILE - In this Monday, July 23, 2007 file photo, a visitor stands next to James Rosenquist's "The Swimmer in the Econo-mist" on display at the exhibition "Art in America: Three Hundreds Years of Innovation" which opened in the Pushkin Fine Arts Museum in Moscow. Rosenquist, a key figure in the pop art movement, has died. He was 83. Rosenquist's wife, Mimi Thompson, told The New York Times that he died Friday, March 31, 2017 in New York City after a long illness. (AP Photo/Misha Japaridze) © The Associated Press FILE - In this Monday, July 23, 2007 file photo, a visitor stands next to James Rosenquist's "The Swimmer in the Econo-mist" on display at the exhibition "Art in America: Three Hundreds Years of Innovation" which opened in the Pushkin Fine Arts Museum in Moscow. Rosenquist, a key figure in the pop art movement, has died. He was 83. Rosenquist's wife, Mimi Thompson, told The New York Times that he died Friday, March 31, 2017 in New York City after a long illness. (AP Photo/Misha Japaridze)

NEW YORK (AP) — Artist James Rosenquist, a key figure in the pop art movement, has died. He was 83.

This photo taken Aug. 21, 2013, shows Betsy Orbe Lester hanging a color lithograph by James Rosenquist at the Morean Arts Center in St. Petersburg, Fla. Rosenquist, a key figure in the pop art movement, has died. He was 83. Rosenquist’s wife, Mimi Thompson, told The New York Times that he died Friday, March 31, 2017, in New York City after a long illness. ( James Borchuck/Tampa Bay Times via AP) © The Associated Press This photo taken Aug. 21, 2013, shows Betsy Orbe Lester hanging a color lithograph by James Rosenquist at the Morean Arts Center in St. Petersburg, Fla. Rosenquist, a key figure in the pop art movement, has died. He was 83. Rosenquist’s wife, Mimi Thompson, told The New York Times that he died Friday, March 31, 2017, in New York City after a long illness. ( James Borchuck/Tampa Bay Times via AP)

Rosenquist's wife, Mimi Thompson, told The New York Times (http://nyti.ms/2nr3H1v ) that he died Friday in New York City after a long illness.

FILE - This Oct. 30, 1966 file photo shows "Theme With Variations," American artist James Rosenquist's 92-foot long and 10-foot high painting, on display at Rome's National Gallery of Modern Arts. The work, consisting of 51 panels placed one aside another or overlapping, has as central figure the U.S. jet bomber "F-111." (AP Photo/Jim Pringle) © The Associated Press FILE - This Oct. 30, 1966 file photo shows "Theme With Variations," American artist James Rosenquist's 92-foot long and 10-foot high painting, on display at Rome's National Gallery of Modern Arts. The work, consisting of 51 panels placed one aside another or overlapping, has as central figure the U.S. jet bomber "F-111." (AP Photo/Jim Pringle)

Rosenquist started by painting signs and billboard advertisements in Times Square and other public places. He later incorporated images from popular culture, from celebrities to consumer goods, into his work.

One of his best-known pieces is "President Elect," created in the early 1960s. It is a billboard-style painting depicting John F. Kennedy's face alongside a yellow Chevrolet and a piece of cake.

"The face was from Kennedy's campaign poster. I was very interested at that time in people who advertised themselves," Rosenquist told the art appreciation organization The Art Story. "Why did they put up an advertisement of themselves? So that was his face. And his promise was half a Chevrolet and a piece of stale cake."

Another popular piece was Rosenquist's "F-111," which superimposes a Vietnam War fighter-bomber on images of children and consumer goods.

Rosenquist resisted comparisons to his contemporaries Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein.

"I'm not like Andy Warhol. He did Coca-Cola bottles and Brillo pads. I used generic imagery — no brand names — to make a new kind of picture," Rosenquist said in a 2007 interview with Smithsonian magazine. "People can remember their childhood, but events from four or five years ago are in a never-never land. That was the imagery I was concerned with — things that were a little bit familiar but not things you feel nostalgic about. Hot dogs and typewriters — generic things people sort of recognize."

Rosenquist was born in Grand Forks, North Dakota. His mother was an amateur painter who supported his creative interests early on. His watercolor of a sunset won him an art scholarship to take classes at the Minneapolis School of Art. He later attended the University of Minnesota before moving to New York City in 1955.

In 2009, a fire destroyed several works by Rosenquist at his home and studio in Aripeka, Florida. It was the same year he released his autobiography, "Painting Below Zero: Notes on a Life in Art," written with David Dalton.

Rosenquist's work has been featured in solo exhibitions at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art and other institutions.

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Information from: The New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com

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