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Oldest DNA reveals life in Greenland 2M years ago

SHOTLIST:RESTRICTION SUMMARY: PART MUST CREDIT NOVA, HHMI TANGLED BANK STUDIOS AND HANDFUL OF FILMS; ONE-TIME NEWS USE ONLY; NO RE-SALE OR ARCHIVE; DO NOT OBSTRUCT WATERMARK OR COURTESY; PART MUST CREDIT BETH ZAIKEN; ONE-TIME NEWS USE ONLY; NO RE-SALE OR ARCHIVE++MUSIC CLEARED FOR AP CLIENT USE++NOVA, HHMI TANGLED BANK STUDIOS AND HANDFUL OF FILMS - MUST CREDIT NOVA, HHMI TANGLED BANK STUDIOS AND HANDFUL OF FILMS; ONE-TIME NEWS USE ONLY; NO RE-SALE OR ARCHIVE; DO NOT OBSTRUCT WATERMARK OR COURTESYGreenland - 20221. Various aerials of Greenland landscape ++MUTE AT SOURCE++ASSOCIATED PRESSLondon, UK - 5 December 2022++COVERED++2. SOUNDBITE (English) Eske Willerslev, study author, University of Cambridge: (Transcribed below)NOVA, HHMI TANGLED BANK STUDIOS AND HANDFUL OF FILMS - MUST CREDIT NOVA, HHMI TANGLED BANK STUDIOS AND HANDFUL OF FILMS; ONE-TIME NEWS USE ONLY; NO RE-SALE OR ARCHIVE; DO NOT OBSTRUCT WATERMARK OR COURTESYGreenland - 20223. Various of Eske Willerslev and colleague sampling for environmental DNA ++MUTE++ASSOCIATED PRESSLondon, UK - 5 December 20224. SOUNDBITE (English) Eske Willerslev, study author, University of Cambridge: (Transcribed below)BETH ZAIKEN - MUST CREDIT BETH ZAIKEN; ONE-TIME NEWS USE ONLY; NO RE-SALE OR ARCHIVEDate and location unknown5. STILL of artist's reconstruction of Kap København formation 2 million years agoASSOCIATED PRESSLondon, UK - 5 December 2022++PARTIALLY COVERED, VIDEO AND AUDIO QUALITY AS INCOMING++6. SOUNDBITE (English) Mikkel Winther Pedersen, study author, University of Copenhagen: (Transcribed below)NOVA, HHMI TANGLED BANK STUDIOS AND HANDFUL OF FILMS - MUST CREDIT NOVA, HHMI TANGLED BANK STUDIOS AND HANDFUL OF FILMS; ONE-TIME NEWS USE ONLY; NO RE-SALE OR ARCHIVE; DO NOT OBSTRUCT WATERMARK OR COURTESYCopenhagen, Denmark - 20227. Various of researchers sampling sediment core ++MUTE++ASSOCIATED PRESSLondon, UK - 5 December 2022++PARTIALLY COVERED++8. SOUNDBITE (English) Eske Willerslev, study author, University of Cambridge: (Transcribed below)NOVA, HHMI TANGLED BANK STUDIOS AND HANDFUL OF FILMS - MUST CREDIT NOVA, HHMI TANGLED BANK STUDIOS AND HANDFUL OF FILMS; ONE-TIME NEWS USE ONLY; NO RE-SALE OR ARCHIVE; DO NOT OBSTRUCT WATERMARK OR COURTESYCopenhagen, Denmark - 20229. Various of Eske Willerslev preparing samples in a lab ++MUTE++ASSOCIATED PRESSKonstanz, Germany - 5 December 2022++PARTIALLY COVERED++10. SOUNDBITE (English) Laura Epp, environmental DNA expert, University of Konstanz: (Transcribed below)NOVA, HHMI TANGLED BANK STUDIOS AND HANDFUL OF FILMS - MUST CREDIT NOVA, HHMI TANGLED BANK STUDIOS AND HANDFUL OF FILMS; ONE-TIME NEWS USE ONLY; NO RE-SALE OR ARCHIVE; DO NOT OBSTRUCT WATERMARK OR COURTESYCopenhagen, Denmark - 202211. Various of Eske Willerslev preparing samples in a lab ++MUTE++ASSOCIATED PRESSLondon, UK - 5 December 2022++PARTIALLY COVERED, VIDEO AND AUDIO QUALITY AS INCOMING++12. SOUNDBITE (English) Eske Willerslev, study author, University of Cambridge: (Transcribed below)NOVA, HHMI TANGLED BANK STUDIOS AND HANDFUL OF FILMS - MUST CREDIT NOVA, HHMI TANGLED BANK STUDIOS AND HANDFUL OF FILMS; ONE-TIME NEWS USE ONLY; NO RE-SALE OR ARCHIVE; DO NOT OBSTRUCT WATERMARK OR COURTESYCambridge, UK - 202213. Various of Eske Willerslev in his office ++MUTE++NOVA, HHMI TANGLED BANK STUDIOS AND HANDFUL OF FILMS - MUST CREDIT NOVA, HHMI TANGLED BANK STUDIOS AND HANDFUL OF FILMS; ONE-TIME NEWS USE ONLY; NO RE-SALE OR ARCHIVE; DO NOT OBSTRUCT WATERMARK OR COURTESYGreenland - 202214. Aerial of Greenland landscape ++MUTE AT SOURCE++STORYLINE:TWO MILLION YEARS AGO, NORTHERN GREENLAND LOOKED NOTHING LIKE IT DOES TODAY. SOUNDBITE (English) Eske Willerslev, study author, University of Cambridge:"There's nothing. I mean, it's like it's like going in Sahara. Basically, it's just under Arctic conditions. And back then, you know, it was a rich forest."THAT'S WHAT ESKE WILLERSLEV AND HIS COLLEAGUES' DISCOVERY OF THE WORLD'S OLDEST DNA TELLS US. SOUNDBITE (English) Eske Willerslev, study author, University of Cambridge:"You can go 2 million years back in time, reconstruct the ecosystem. You can uncover what kind of species were there."SOUNDBITE (English) Mikkel Winther Pedersen, study author, University of Copenhagen:"In places, the three mastodons bathing in the nearby lake river system. And then you have in the background geese flying off into the sky. You have reindeer herds going across the landscape. We were joking, you know, we want to find exotic species. And obviously the mastodon coming out was like a huge surprise."THE NOW-EXTINCT HERBIVORE IS AMONG MORE THAN 100 DIFFERENT PLANT AND ANIMAL SPECIES THAT RESEARCHERS IDENTIFIED USING WHAT'S CALLED ENVIRONMENTAL DNA. SOUNDBITE (English) Eske Willerslev, study author, University of Cambridge:"Every organism is shedding DNA to the surroundings. We're doing it all the time. If I do it like this on my camera, my DNA will be on the camera."EDNA PROVIDES A MORE COMPLETE PICTURE THAN FOSSIL RECORDS REVEALING OTHERWISE HIDDEN BIODIVERSITY. SOUNDBITE (English) Laura Epp, University of Konstanz:"We have a lot of organisms that don't fossilize, so we have a lot of organisms that we wouldn't be seeing otherwise."...THOSE THAT THRIVED 2 MILLION YEARS AGO WHEN GREENLAND'S CLIMATE WAS VASTLY DIFFERENT. SOUNDBITE (English) Eske Willerslev, study author, University of Cambridge:"This is a time where the temperatures will be actually quite similar to what we expect the world will look like very soon due to global warming. It gives us a genetic roadmap of what allows species to survive on warmer temperatures than those today."...ANCIENT HISTORY THAT COULD INFORM THE NEAR FUTURE. 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