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Budget Special: Johnson and Sunak And The Art Of Political Amnesia

HuffPost UK logo HuffPost UK 12/03/2020 Paul Waugh

© Reuters The Levellers?

Remember David Cameron’s Tory election poster in the 2010 general election? The huge one with a lovely new-born baby and the caption: ”Dad’s nose. Mum’s eyes. Gordon Brown’s debt”. Remember the Tory ridicule when Ed Miliband forgot to mention the word ‘deficit’ in his 2014 conference speech? Remember Theresa May’s ‘magic money tree’ attack on Jeremy Corbyn in 2017?

Well, Boris Johnson clearly doesn’t remember. Or, more accurately, pretends not to. This is a man who won the 2019 election by successfully presenting his government as a brand new administration, its members somehow unconnected with the past decade of austerity. When critics pointed out his plan to recruit 20,000 more police officers would simply mean replacing the 20,000 cops cut since 2010, the PM’s general response was a generic ‘ah, fuggedaboutit’.

Boris Johnson et al. standing next to a man in a suit and tie © House of Commons - PA Images via Getty Images Serial political amnesia is, after all, Johnson’s defining modus operandi. He conveniently forgets plenty of things: offensive Spectator columns, his tenure as foreign secretary, his past attacks on Donald Trump, the number of children he has. So we shouldn’t be surprised that his 2020 spring Budget (and it felt very much like his Budget) has no remembrance of things past. This was the ‘levelling up’ Budget that assumed the voters will forget why spending was ‘down’ in the first place.

Nevertheless, the sheer abandon with which Rishi Sunak let borrowing rip was remarkable. Deficit hawks on the Tory benches, particularly those with long memories, kept largely quiet as their own orthodoxy went up in smoke before their very eyes. Yes, there was an emergency in the form of the coronavirus threat, but the sheer scale of the spending splurge went way beyond a short-term vaccination for the economy.

In pictures: Coronavirus outbreak (Photos)

Sunak himself was clearly aware of how the new borrowing would look. He claimed, somewhat implausibly, that borrowing would “increase slightly” from 2.1% of GDP in 2019-20 to 2.4% in 2020-21 and 2.8% in 2021-22. I remember how Gordon Brown used to rattle through bad news in his Budgets by swiftly spitting out statistics before getting onto his big announcements. But yesterday, Sunak didn’t even do that. For the first time in living memory, this was a Chancellor who failed to give a cash figure for borrowing for future years.

A look at the small print revealed just why. When you translate those percentages into pounds and pence, borrowing goes up to a whopping £66.7bn next year. Compared to figures issued by the Office for Budget Responsibility just a few weeks ago in December, borrowing will shoot up by £97bn over the next four years. Yes, £97bn. This is not a one year-blip, it’s a massive change in direction for the Tory party.

‘The lady’s not for turning’: Memorable quotes from PMs past (Photos)

And it’s not just the new borrowing that shocked. After years of the Conservatives deriding Labour’s plans for a ‘fiscal stimulus’ to the economy, Sunak injected a £30bn stimulus bigger than anything Gordon BrownEd Balls and John McDonnell could have dreamed of.

Given the anaemic growth forecasts (as well as the pre-coronavirus zero growth figures posted before the Budget), the need for that stimulus looked obvious. But for many there will also be a sneaking suspicion that this was all about anticipating a possible Brexit downturn. The OBR forecast yesterday was ominous on that score: trade with EU some 15% lower and economic growth 4% lower over 15 years.

The other big Budget black hole was social care, with Sunak saying “over the next few months we’ll tackle the big issues head on”. It wasn’t just repaying the national debt that is being put off to tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow. The fiscal rules will be reviewed, so will devolution, and - another huge missing policy areas - how to get to ‘net zero’ climate emissions.

Ultimately however this was a supremely political Budget. The £4.2bn ‘transforming cities fund’ looks like pork barrel politics with a lot of pork in a big old barrel. That includes £198m for the North East (key bricks in the Blue Wall), £161m for Derby (which has a new Tory MP) and Nottingham, £57m for Southampton (with a former Labour marginal now firmly Tory) £79m for true blue Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole, £317m for West Yorkshire (where the Tories took four seats from Labour last December).

The spending splurge and the borrowing binge are aimed at further ensuring Johnson gets a full 10 years in power. His mission relies on the public forgetting the Tories’ past. But it also relies on his own party forgetting its core principle of ‘sound money’. If the government can navigate its way through the coronavirus and Brexit challenges over the next year (still big ‘ifs’), its new strategy may well work.‌

A new opinion poll put the Tories on a massive 50% and Labour down on 29%. With a new leader due soon, many Labour MPs will be humming grimly to themselves that famous Tony Blair anthem ‘things can only get better’. Remember that Blair followed his first landslide with a second one. It’s not inconceivable that Johnson will do too.

And that’s the other amnesia affecting our politics right now too: Labour has simply forgotten how to win elections. Johnson and Sunak proved they want it to stay that way. 


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