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Sun explodes with 2,00,000 km long filament, blast debris could hit Earth | Watch

India Today logo India Today 05-10-2022 India Today Web Desk
Sun filament Sun filament

The Sun is in no mood to be quiet, after it exploded with a cannibal eruption, observatories have spotted a 2,00,000 kilometers-long filament eruption from the star. The long filament of magnetism erupted from the southern hemisphere of the Sun, snapping like a rubber band.

Experts predicted that the debris from the explosion could be headed toward Earth and the SOHO observatories indicate a Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) emerging from the blast site., however, reported that the data stream stopped before the full CME was visible.


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Meanwhile, AR3112, a behemoth sunspot, which has been unstable, is poised to explode and there is a 65 per cent chance of an M-class flare and a 30% chance of X-flares erupting from the region. The explosion could be directly facing the planet and could be geo-effective. The sunspot has more than a dozen dark cores scattered across 1,30,000 kilometers of the solar surface.

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While solar flares are powerful bursts of energy, which can impact radio communications, electric power grids, and navigation signals, and pose risks to spacecraft and astronauts, a geomagnetic storm is a major disturbance of Earth's magnetosphere that occurs when there is a very efficient exchange of energy from the solar wind into the space environment surrounding Earth.

Nasa Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) captures images of our Sun in multiple wavelengths to help us study the features and activity there. With the Sun reaching the peak in its solar cycle, activity is set to further gain pace with new sunspots emerging that could hurtle dangerous explosions towards the inner solar system.

The Cannibal CME that erupted from Sun on Tuesday morning arrived at Earth in bits and pieces. reported that solar wind data from Oct. 3rd and 4th seem to contain signatures from multiple CMEs. It did trigger a series of strong auroras over the planet.

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