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Governor Hogan announces Maryland's COVID-19 vaccination plan. Here's what it entails

WUSA-TV Washington, D.C. logo WUSA-TV Washington, D.C. 10/20/2020 Jonathan Franklin
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Governor Larry Hogan on Tuesday announced the release of the State of Maryland’s initial draft of its COVID-19 mass vaccination plan, which was submitted to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) last week.

“In anticipation of a COVID-19 vaccine, Maryland stands ready to order, distribute, and administer it effectively and rapidly as soon as a vaccine becomes available,” Hogan said. “The State of Maryland’s plan for this historic undertaking will immediately make the vaccine available to Marylanders at highest risk of developing complications from COVID-19 as well as our critical frontline health care workers and essential workers in public safety and education.”

Hogan recently toured the headquarters of Novavax, Inc., in Gaithersburg — one of nearly 40 Maryland companies that are working on developing and manufacturing COVID-19 vaccines and therapeutics, improving diagnostic tests and providing clinical research and technological support to ensure safe and effective health care delivery.

Read the full draft of Maryland's COVID-19 vaccination plan below:

In April, state health officials began multi-agency operational discussions in preparation for a COVID-19 vaccine. That preparation included reviewing lessons learned from previous pandemics and outbreaks — including the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic — as well as previous influenza vaccination campaigns.

Maryland’s draft COVID-19 vaccination plan focuses on two major phases of vaccine availability and distribution. 

Phase 1 will focus on priority groups to receive the vaccination, while Phase 2 will have wide-scale vaccine availability for the general population. Additionally, vaccine supply is expected to rapidly increase once distribution begins – alleviating the need to limit the distribution of the vaccine.

Here's a detailed plan of Phase 1 and Phase 2 of Maryland's vaccine availability and distribution:

Phase 1: Vaccination of Critical Populations: Initial COVID-19 vaccination efforts will target those at highest risk of developing complications from COVID-19 and those in critical industries:

  • Frontline first responders and health care workers evaluating and caring for COVID-19 patients;
  • Staff and residents of nursing homes, long-term care facilities, and assisted living facilities; and
  • Essential workers, including public safety, education, and staff in congregate living facilities.

Specific vaccination metrics will be utilized to assess Phase 1 vaccination progress and determine where additional effort is needed. These metrics may include:

  • Percent of Phase 1 population vaccinated;
  • Percent and number of residents and staff at long-term care facilities vaccinated;
  • Determination of an equitable distribution of COVID-19 vaccine throughout the state for the Phase 1 population; and
  • Percent and number of Phase 1 population pre-registered.

Phase 2: Vaccination of General Public: Determination of the beginning of Phase 2 will be influenced by a number of factors:

  • Availability of COVID-19 vaccine;
  • Notification by CDC and state authorities that the general public Phase 2 can begin due to sufficient supply; and/or
  • Achievement of targeted metrics for vaccination of high priority Phase 1 groups.

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