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Countries Where People Live the Longest

24/7 Tempo logo 24/7 Tempo 3/11/2019 Grant Suneson
a man and a woman eating a sandwich © Peter Macdiarmid / Getty Images

One of the best measures of the health of a nation's population is average life expectancy at birth. The United States' life expectancy of 78.7 remains high compared to most of the world. However, due largely to rising drug overdose and suicide deaths, average life expectancy has decreased for three consecutive years.

Every country has its own struggles that can lower life expectancy -- whether it is pollution, war, or unhealthy behaviors. Since 1870, life expectancies have continually climbed worldwide. Many nations, by implementing a combination of better sanitation, health care, and safety, have increased their life expectancies to more than 80 years.

24/7 Wall St. reviewed World Bank data on life expectancy at birth to determine the 50 countries where people live the longest.

There are many factors that correlate with longer life expectancy. One of the most notable is wealth. Wealthy developed nations are generally more able to provide health care to their residents, and wealthier individuals tend to lead relatively healthier lifestyles. Nearly all of the richest countries in the world also rank among the places where people live longest.

According to World Bank data, women have noticeably higher life expectancies than men in every country for which data is available. They tend to outlive men by a worldwide average of more than four years.

To identify the countries where people live the longest, 24/7 Wall St. reviewed the most recent life-expectancy at birth data collected by the World Bank’s “World Development Indicators” database. GDP and GDP per capita were obtained from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and all other data points were obtained from the World Bank. Only countries with data from 2016, the most recent year available, were considered. Territories such as Puerto Rico and Curacao, and other nations that were not fully independent were not considered.

an island in the middle of a rocky mountain © Mlenny / Getty Images

50. Oman

> Life expectancy at birth: 77.0 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 11.1%

> Health expenditure per capita: $1,636

> Population: 4,636,262

> GDP per capita: $37,961

a large body of water with a mountain in the background © emicristea / Getty Images

49. Montenegro

> Life expectancy at birth: 77.1 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 45.9%

> Health expenditure per capita: $957

> Population: 622,471

> GDP per capita: $16,465

© Torresigner / Getty Images

48. Mexico

> Life expectancy at birth: 77.1 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 14.0%

> Health expenditure per capita: $1,009

> Population: 129,163,276

> GDP per capita: $17,331

Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque over a body of water © IgorP1976 / Getty Images

47. Brunei Darussalam

> Life expectancy at birth: 77.2 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 16.9%

> Health expenditure per capita: $2,083

> Population: 428,697

> GDP per capita: $71,809

a large building in a city © Basil D Soufi / Wikimedia Commons

46. United Arab Emirates

> Life expectancy at birth: 77.3 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 28.9%

> Health expenditure per capita: $2,426

> Population: 9,400,145

> GDP per capita: $67,293

a group of people swimming in a body of water © EXTREME-PHOTOGRAPHER / Getty Images

45. Maldives

> Life expectancy at birth: 77.3 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 28.3%

> Health expenditure per capita: $1,514

> Population: 436,330

> GDP per capita: $15,169

a large building © Diether / Wikimedia Commons

44. Poland

> Life expectancy at birth: 77.5 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 28.0%

> Health expenditure per capita: $1,704

> Population: 37,975,841

> GDP per capita: $27,343

a large body of water with a city in the background © Jaan-Cornelius K. / Wikimedia Commons

43. Uruguay

> Life expectancy at birth: 77.5 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 16.8%

> Health expenditure per capita: $1,748

> Population: 3,456,750

> GDP per capita: $20,551

a group of people in front of a building © visualspace / Getty Images

42. Estonia

> Life expectancy at birth: 77.7 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 31.3%

> Health expenditure per capita: $1,887

> Population: 1,315,480

> GDP per capita: $29,481

a body of water with a city in the background © Dronepicr / Wikimedia Commons

41. Panama

> Life expectancy at birth: 78.0 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 6.1%

> Health expenditure per capita: $1,543

> Population: 4,098,587

> GDP per capita: $22,288

a large body of water with a city in the background © xbrchx / Getty Images

40. Croatia

> Life expectancy at birth: 78.0 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 37.0%

> Health expenditure per capita: $1,656

> Population: 4,125,700

> GDP per capita: $22,828

a view of a city with tall buildings in the background © Ahmed_Abdel_Hamid / Getty Images

39. Qatar

> Life expectancy at birth: 78.2 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 20.6%

> Health expenditure per capita: $3,900

> Population: 2,639,211

> GDP per capita: $116,932

a bridge over a body of water © DaLiu / Getty Images

38. Czech Republic

> Life expectancy at birth: 78.3 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 34.3%

> Health expenditure per capita: $2,470

> Population: 10,591,323

> GDP per capita: $32,606

a garden with water in the background © master2 / Getty Images

37. Albania

> Life expectancy at birth: 78.3 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 28.7%

> Health expenditure per capita: $774

> Population: 2,873,457

> GDP per capita: $11,802

a large body of water with a city in the background © frankpeters / iStock

36. United States

> Life expectancy at birth: 78.7 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 21.8%

> Health expenditure per capita: $9,536

> Population: 325,719,178

> GDP per capita: $54,225

a view of a city at night © Javmoraga / Wikimedia Commons

35. Chile

> Life expectancy at birth: 79.5 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 37.8%

> Health expenditure per capita: $1,903

> Population: 18,054,726

> GDP per capita: $22,767

a castle surrounded by a body of water © benkrut / Getty Images

34. Lebanon

> Life expectancy at birth: 79.6 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 33.8%

> Health expenditure per capita: $1,117

> Population: 6,082,357

> GDP per capita: $13,191

a view of a city © Scmresearcher / Wikimedia Commons

33. Cuba

> Life expectancy at birth: 79.7 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 35.2%

> Health expenditure per capita: $00

> Population: 11,484,636

> GDP per capita: $00

a view of a city © Wikipedro / Wikimedia Commons

32. Costa Rica

> Life expectancy at birth: 79.8 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 11.9%

> Health expenditure per capita: $1,286

> Population: 4,905,769

> GDP per capita: $15,552

a pile of rocks © pom-angers / Flickr

31. Cyprus

> Life expectancy at birth: 80.5 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 36.4%

> Health expenditure per capita: $2,137

> Population: 1,179,551

> GDP per capita: $32,415

a yellow house in the middle of the street © bluejayphoto / Getty Images

30. Germany

> Life expectancy at birth: 80.6 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 30.6%

> Health expenditure per capita: $5,357

> Population: 82,695,000

> GDP per capita: $45,229

a boat is docked next to a body of water with Willemstad in the background © scanrail / Getty Images

29. Denmark

> Life expectancy at birth: 80.7 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 19.1%

> Health expenditure per capita: $5,083

> Population: 5,769,603

> GDP per capita: $46,683

a body of water with a city in the background © RossHelen / Getty Images

28. Slovenia

> Life expectancy at birth: 80.8 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 22.5%

> Health expenditure per capita: $2,734

> Population: 2,066,748

> GDP per capita: $31,401

a view of a lush green hillside © Janoka82 / Getty Images

27. Austria

> Life expectancy at birth: 80.9 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 29.6%

> Health expenditure per capita: $5,138

> Population: 8,809,212

> GDP per capita: $45,437

a double decker bus on a city street © IakovKalinin / Getty Images

26. United Kingdom

> Life expectancy at birth: 81.0 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 22.3%

> Health expenditure per capita: $4,145

> Population: 66,022,273

> GDP per capita: $39,753

a group of people walking in front of Grand Place © https://www.flickr.com/photos/vilavelosa/

25. Belgium

> Life expectancy at birth: 81.0 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 28.2%

> Health expenditure per capita: $4,782

> Population: 11,372,068

> GDP per capita: $42,659

a boat sitting on top of a mountain © marchello74 / Getty Images

24. Greece

> Life expectancy at birth: 81.0 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 43.4%

> Health expenditure per capita: $2,204

> Population: 10,760,421

> GDP per capita: $24,574

a boat is docked next to a body of water © SeanPavonePhoto / Getty Images

23. Portugal

> Life expectancy at birth: 81.1 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 22.7%

> Health expenditure per capita: $2,661

> Population: 10,293,718

> GDP per capita: $27,937

a group of colorful flowers in a field © Provided by 24/7 Wall Street, LLC

22. Netherlands

> Life expectancy at birth: 81.5 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 25.8%

> Health expenditure per capita: $5,313

> Population: 17,132,854

> GDP per capita: $48,473

a small clock tower in front of a building © benstevens / Getty Images

21. Ireland

> Life expectancy at birth: 81.6 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 24.3%

> Health expenditure per capita: $5,335

> Population: 4,813,608

> GDP per capita: $67,335

a train traveling down train tracks near Wellington Cable Car © Robert CHG / Getty Images

20. New Zealand

> Life expectancy at birth: 81.6 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 16.0%

> Health expenditure per capita: $3,530

> Population: 4,793,900

> GDP per capita: $36,086

a large body of water with a city in the background © Michal Pise, Michal.Pise / Wikimedia Commons

19. Finland

> Life expectancy at birth: 81.8 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 20.4%

> Health expenditure per capita: $3,996

> Population: 5,511,303

> GDP per capita: $40,586

a castle with water in front of a large city © Bareta / Getty Images

18. Malta

> Life expectancy at birth: 81.8 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 25.5%

> Health expenditure per capita: $3,471

> Population: 465,292

> GDP per capita: $36,505

a view of a city with a mountain in the background © Reabirdna / Getty Images

17. Korea, Rep.

> Life expectancy at birth: 82.0 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 23.3%

> Health expenditure per capita: $2,556

> Population: 51,466,201

> GDP per capita: $35,938

a small boat in a body of water © Bengt Nyman / Wikimedia Commons

16. Sweden

> Life expectancy at birth: 82.2 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 18.8%

> Health expenditure per capita: $5,299

> Population: 10,067,744

> GDP per capita: $46,949

a clock tower lit up at night with Eiffel Tower in the background © https://www.flickr.com/photos/mcpig/

15. France

> Life expectancy at birth: 82.3 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 32.7%

> Health expenditure per capita: $4,542

> Population: 67,118,648

> GDP per capita: $38,606

a view of a city © Sabinoparente / Getty Images

14. Luxembourg

> Life expectancy at birth: 82.3 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 23.5%

> Health expenditure per capita: $6,382

> Population: 599,449

> GDP per capita: $94,278

a boat sitting on top of a mountain © franckreporter / Getty Images

13. Canada

> Life expectancy at birth: 82.3 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 14.3%

> Health expenditure per capita: $4,600

> Population: 36,708,083

> GDP per capita: $44,018

© Sean Pavone / Getty Images

12. Israel

> Life expectancy at birth: 82.4 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 25.2%

> Health expenditure per capita: $2,819

> Population: 8,712,400

> GDP per capita: $33,132

a view of a snow covered mountain © Provided by 24/7 Wall Street, LLC

11. Iceland

> Life expectancy at birth: 82.5 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 14.7%

> Health expenditure per capita: $4,116

> Population: 341,284

> GDP per capita: $46,483

a small boat in a body of water with a city in the background © africanpix / Getty Images

10. Australia

> Life expectancy at birth: 82.5 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 14.7%

> Health expenditure per capita: $4,492

> Population: 24,598,933

> GDP per capita: $44,649

a close up of a hillside next to a river with Geirangerfjord in the background © Provided by 24/7 Wall Street, LLC

9. Norway

> Life expectancy at birth: 82.5 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 20.2%

> Health expenditure per capita: $6,222

> Population: 5,282,223

> GDP per capita: $64,800

a castle on top of a building © vwalakte / Getty Images

8. Italy

> Life expectancy at birth: 82.5 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 23.7%

> Health expenditure per capita: $3,351

> Population: 60,551,416

> GDP per capita: $35,220

a sign on the side of a mountain road © St9191 / Wikimedia Commons

7. Liechtenstein

> Life expectancy at birth: 82.7 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 0.0%

> Health expenditure per capita: $00

> Population: 37,922

> GDP per capita: $00

a large body of water with a city in the background © https://www.flickr.com/photos/qin1109/

6. Singapore

> Life expectancy at birth: 82.8 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 16.5%

> Health expenditure per capita: $3,681

> Population: 5,612,253

> GDP per capita: $85,535

a view of a city © TomasSereda / Getty Images

5. Spain

> Life expectancy at birth: 82.8 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 29.3%

> Health expenditure per capita: $3,183

> Population: 46,572,028

> GDP per capita: $34,272

a view of a mountain © extravagantni / Getty Images

4. Switzerland

> Life expectancy at birth: 82.9 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 25.7%

> Health expenditure per capita: $7,583

> Population: 8,466,017

> GDP per capita: $57,410

a boat in the water with a city in the background © Jui-Chi Chan / Getty Images

3. Macao (SAR of China)

> Life expectancy at birth: 83.8 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 0.0%

> Health expenditure per capita: $00

> Population: 622,567

> GDP per capita: $104,862

© Sean Pavone / Getty Images

2. Japan

> Life expectancy at birth: 84.0 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 22.1%

> Health expenditure per capita: $4,405

> Population: 126,785,797

> GDP per capita: $39,002

a large body of water with a city in the background © Nikada / Getty Images

1. Hong Kong (SAR of China)

> Life expectancy at birth: 84.2 years

> Smoking rate (15+): 0.0%

> Health expenditure per capita: $00

> Population: 7,391,700

> GDP per capita: $56,055

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