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Super Tuesday live updates: Biden is projected to win seven states, including Virginia, N.C. and Arkansas; Sanders projected to win Vermont, Colorado and Utah

The Washington Post logo The Washington Post 3/4/2020 Felicia Sonmez, Reis Thebault, Michelle Lee, Isaac Stanley-Becker
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Former vice president Joe Biden is projected to win Virginia, North Carolina, Alabama, Tennessee, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Minnesota, while Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) is projected to win Vermont, Colorado and Utah.

As of 10 p.m. Eastern, polls were also closed in Maine, Massachusetts and Texas. Next up is California, where polls close at 11 p.m.

Super Tuesday marks the debut of former New York mayor Mike Bloomberg on ballots, while Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) is attempting to gain traction after a string of disappointing showings. Rep. Tulsi Gabbard (D-Hawaii) is also competing. 

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Tuesday’s contests award 1,357 delegates, or 34 percent of the total available. Get all the Super Tuesday results here.

Biden has won North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Alabama | Sanders wins Colorado and home state of Vermont

Delegates How many delegates each state awards | What happens to a candidate's delegates when they drop out | LISTEN: The delegate math questions you were too embarrassed to ask.

10:42 PM: Early returns lift Biden, who is favored by black and older voters by a wide margin

LOS ANGELES — Early returns on Tuesday were offering a major boost to Biden, who swept to victory in a series of southern states, with additional pickups in the mid-Atlantic and the Midwest.

“I’m here to report we are very much alive,” the former vice president told supporters in Los Angeles, saying it was time to nominate an “Obama-Biden Democrat.”

Preliminary exit polls suggested his surge was powered by black voters and older voters — powerful evidence that his dominance in South Carolina over the weekend offered a blueprint for the revitalization of his campaign.

But his success did not end in states targeted by his campaign. He claimed victory in Oklahoma, a state in which he spent few resources and to which he never made a personal visit. Elsewhere, there was evidence that the last-minute exit of Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.) and other centrist candidates had buoyed Biden, who was projected to win Minnesota, a state that favored Sanders by a wide margin over Hillary Clinton in 2016.

The victories effectively ended the Sanders campaign’s hopes of quickly building out an insurmountable delegate lead on Super Tuesday, even as delegate-rich states like California and Texas, which favor the Vermont senator, had yet to report.

“I don't know what's going to happen later tonight,” Sanders told supporters in Vermont. “We're doing well in Texas right now. We won Colorado. And I'm cautiously optimistic that later in the evening we can win the largest state in this country, the state of California."

Sanders continued to predict rising youth turnout and the mobilization of other low-propensity voters. But in preliminary exit polls, it appeared to be in states dominated by Biden where the Democratic electorate was expanding. Turnout in Virginia nearly doubled from 2016, reaching about 1.3 million.

By: Isaac Stanley-Becker

Slideshow by photo services

10:41 PM: What the Texas exit polls tell us about Super Tuesday

Texas is Super Tuesday’s second-largest delegate prize, and preliminary exit polls show voters divided between Sanders and Biden along views toward socialism, race and whether to return to Obama-era policies or adopt a more liberal approach.

Views of socialism: A narrow majority of Texas Democratic primary voters had a favorable opinion of socialism, according to early exit polls, though there were wide age differences in these views. About 7 in 10 voters under 45 viewed socialism favorably, while voters 45 and older were just as likely to have a negative view of socialism as a positive one.

Sanders had a clear advantage among those with a positive opinion of socialism, getting the support of nearly half of this group; about a quarter backed Biden. But Biden had the clear edge among Texas voters who had an unfavorable view of socialism, with roughly half of this group supporting him, and no more than 2 in 10 backing any single other candidate.

Race and ethnicity: The Texas electorate was a snapshot of the Democratic party’s racial and ethnic diversity on Super Tuesday, with no one group dominating the ballot box. According to early exit polls, just over 4 in 10 Texas primary voters were white; Sanders and Biden ran even among this group. Meanwhile, Sanders led by a double-digit margin among Hispanics in the preliminary exit poll data, with more than 4 in 10 backing him, and about 1 in 4 backing Biden. Biden led by a still-larger margin among black Democratic voters in Texas, with 6 in 10 supporting him compared with about 2 in 10 for Sanders. In 2016, Hispanic Texas primary voters voted for Hillary Clinton over Sanders by 71 percent to 29 percent, and black voters supported Clinton 83 percent to 15 percent.

Biden fares best with voters who want a return to Obama-era policies: About half of Texas Democratic primary voters would like to return to the policies of the Obama administration (or as Biden likes to emphasize, the Obama-Biden administration) and those voters went about 3 to 1 for Biden over Sanders. A sizable share went to Bloomberg.

In contrast, about one third of Democratic Texan voters preferred a more liberal policy approach than Obama’s. Sanders won close to 6 in 10 of those voters and Warren got nearly 2 in 10. Biden and Bloomberg each got about 1 in 10.

In New Hampshire, both Buttigieg and Klobuchar beat Biden among voters who preferred to return to the policies of the Obama administration. Biden won a majority of that group Saturday in South Carolina.

Late deciders: Biden’s victories in Virginia and North Carolina and his competitive showing in Texas were aided by voters who made up their minds within the last few days, according to preliminary exit polls.

Biden won about 6 in 10 of the late deciders in Virginia and North Carolina. In Virginia, about half of the voters made up their minds at the last minute. In North Carolina, almost 7 in 10 had made up their minds before the last few days.

Sanders did better in both states among voters who decided earlier than in the last few days. He got about 3 in 10 of the early deciders in Virginia and about half that share of the late deciders. In North Carolina, Sanders got about 1 in 4 of the early deciders but a smaller share of voters who made up their minds late.

In Texas, about one-fifth of voters made up their mind in the final days and Biden won about half of their votes, compared with about 2 in 10 for Sanders. Among voters who decided in February or earlier, Sanders led by a small margin.

By: Scott Clement, Emily Guskin, Dan Keating, Claudia Deane and Jocelyn Kiley

10:34 PM: Biden wins Minnesota’s Democratic presidential primary

Klobuchar had been leading in the polls until she left the race and threw her support behind Biden on Monday.

In 2016, Sanders swept the state, taking 62 percent of the Democratic caucus vote. The Vermont senator appeared in the state on Monday night, rallying supporters alongside Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.)

The state historically has tended to vote for the most liberal, well-organized campaign. But this year marks the first time that Minnesota voters are making their presidential choice in a primary rather than at a caucus, throwing some uncertainty into the race for the state’s 75 delegates.

The upper Midwestern state is seen as central to the party’s chances in November. The state hasn’t backed a Republican for president since Richard Nixon in 1972, but Donald Trump came closer in 2016 to breaking that blue wall than any Republican nominee in recent years.

By: Isaac Stanley-Becker and Felicia Sonmez

10:32 PM: Sanders wins Utah’s Democratic presidential primary

Sanders won Utah’s Democratic presidential primary.

Utah will award 29 delegates at the national convention, two percent of the total delegates at stake tonight. Utah’s Democratic electorate — one of the whitest among Super Tuesday states — favored Sanders in a January poll, the most recent high-quality survey of the state. But, at that point, about a fifth of voters were still undecided.

Sanders’s victory here shows his support remains strong among Democrats in Utah, who overwhelmingly selected him over Hillary Clinton in 2016, when the state still held a caucus.

By: Reis Thebault

10:21 PM: Bloomberg supporters gather at rally in Palm Beach

a group of people on a stage with a crowd watching © Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post

Bloomberg supporters cheer Tuesday night during a rally at the Palm Beach Convention Center in Palm Beach, Florida.

Michael Bloomberg standing on a stage in front of a crowd © Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post

By: Toni L. Sandys

10:19 PM: Sanders seeks to project optimism despite early losses

Bernie Sanders et al. standing in front of a crowd: Sanders arrives at a rally Tuesday in Essex Junction, Vt. (Charles Krupa/AP) Sanders arrives at a rally Tuesday in Essex Junction, Vt. (Charles Krupa/AP)

ESSEX JUNCTION, Vt. — Sanders took the stage a few minutes after 10 p.m. and sought to project an optimistic outlook in the face of preliminary Super Tuesday results that were much more favorable to Biden.

“Tonight, I tell you with confidence we’re going to win the Democratic nomination and we are going to defeat the most dangerous president in the history of this country,” Sanders said.

He later added: “I don’t know what’s going to happen later tonight. We’re doing well in Texas right now. We won Colorado. And I’m cautiously optimistic that later in the evening, we can win the largest state in this country, the state of California.”

The crowd erupted in cheers. Sanders reminded the audience that exactly 39 years ago, he was elected mayor of Burlington in an upset win. He then proceeded into a version of his stump speech, speaking about sweeping reforms to health care and education. He told supporters the campaign was up against “the corporate establishment” and “the political establishment.” Sanders also tried to draw policy contrasts with Biden.

By: Sean Sullivan

10:12 PM: Biden is projected to win Arkansas Democratic presidential primary

Biden is projected to win Arkansas. The state will award 31 delegates at the national convention, slightly more than 2 percent of the total delegates up for grabs on Super Tuesday. A lack of high-quality polling in the state made for an unpredictable finish, but Arkansas was seen as a test of Biden’s ability to win support from black voters as he did in South Carolina.

Biden prevailed even after Bloomberg outspent and out-organized his opponents in Arkansas.

By: Reis Thebault

10:05 PM: Sanders campaign eagerly awaiting news from later-reporting states

ESSEX JUNCTION, Vt. — Supporters at the Sanders watch party here did not have much to cheer for on the early side of Tuesday night, as they kept an eye on a big screen playing a live feed of CNN.

They erupted in applause when the results from states favorable for Sanders, such as Colorado and Vermont, played on screen. But they fell mostly quiet during updates on Biden’s strong performances.

Sanders campaign officials cautioned reporters not to read too much into the results until states reporting later in the evening were taken into account.

“People who go to sleep tonight at 10 p.m. are going to wake up tomorrow to a totally different race,” said Sanders communications director Mike Casca.

Faiz Shakir, Sanders’s campaign manager, told the crowd, “We are having a good night and it’s only going to get better.'”

By: Sean Sullivan

10:05 PM: Sanders watches as Super Tuesday results trickle in

a group of people standing in a room © Salwan Georges/The Washington Post

Sanders watches the Super Tuesday results in a backstage area before speaking at a rally at Champlain Valley Exposition in Essex Junction, Vermont. The former mayor of Burlington voted this morning with his wife, Jane, at their local precinct in Burlington.

By: Salwan Georges

10:03 PM: Biden wins the Oklahoma Democratic presidential primary

Biden wins the Oklahoma Democratic presidential primary.

Oklahoma will award 37 delegates at the national convention, just under 3 percent of the total delegates up for grabs tonight. Because of a lack of high-quality polling in the state, it was unclear which candidate had an edge in the race before Tuesday.

Oklahoma’s Democratic electorate is majority white, but still more diverse than other Super Tuesday states, with African Americans, Native Americans and Hispanics making up more than 40 percent of voters.

Biden’s victory deals a blow to Bloomberg, who invested heavily in Oklahoma, opening three offices and hiring 23 staffers there.

By: Reis Thebault

9:59 PM: Trump easily wins most of Super Tuesday’s Republican primaries

President Trump is on his way to a sweep of his Super Tuesday primaries, easily defeating a limited field of challengers in a number of states.

Trump ran up his vote count, winning by upwards of 80 or 90 percentage points, and continuing his march toward his inevitable re-nomination. Virginia and American Samoa, which held Democratic primaries tonight, did not have Republican contests.

American Samoa will hold its on March 24, while Virginia’s Republican Party decided to cancel its primary, joining a list of other states that said they would simply select Trump as their nominee at the party convention — a contentious decision for the president’s main challenger, former Massachusetts governor Bill Weld.

Trump’s slate of victories is unsurprising given the lack of a formidable opponent and the Republican National Committee’s decision to offer its “undivided support” for the president’s reelection campaign.

By: Reis Thebault

9:54 PM: Sanders wins the Colorado Democratic presidential primary

a person holding a sign: Gregory Rucker, of Denver, drops off his ballot at the Denver Public Library. © Rachel Woolf/For The Washington Post Gregory Rucker, of Denver, drops off his ballot at the Denver Public Library.

Sanders wins the Colorado Democratic presidential primary.

Colorado will award 67 delegates at the national convention, about 5 percent of the total delegates up for grabs on Super Tuesday. The most recent high-quality poll showed Sanders leading the pack by a margin of at least 10 points, followed by Warren, Bloomberg and Biden.

Sanders’s win in Colorado is a repeat victory for the senator, who racked up nearly 60 percent of the vote there in 2016 against Hillary Clinton.

By: Reis Thebault

9:49 PM: Why losing Oklahoma would be worse than it looks for Sanders

Joe Biden’s likely victory in Oklahoma revealed a problem for Bernie Sanders that had been looming in earlier states: An exodus of moderate and independent voters whose 2016 votes had been shaped by animus for Hillary Clinton.

In 2016, Sanders put together an impressive coalition in Oklahoma, winning the state by 10 points. Clinton won self-identified Democrats by 9 points, according to exit polls. But independents, who were free to cross over, backed Sanders by 48 points. While Sanders ran to Clinton’s left, he beat her among self-identified “moderate or conservative” voters by 11 points.

Without Clinton as a foil, the Sanders vote fell apart. According to tonight’s exit polling, Sanders badly lost moderate and conservative voters, losing them to Joe Biden by 28 points. He didn’t even run second to Biden; Mike Bloomberg won 24 percent of the moderate vote, to just 11 percent for Sanders.

Oklahoma has just 37 delegates to distribute, but losing it blows a hole through one of Sanders’ supporters theories about this race. In 2016, Sanders defeated Clinton in a series of red states — Indiana, West Virginia, Montana — which was taken as evidence that he could transform the map. The results in Oklahoma suggest that he can’t do that as long conservative voters are comfortable supporting candidates like Biden or Bloomberg.

The movement away from Sanders was easy to see in Kay County, the first to report all of its votes. In 2016, Sanders carried it by 15 points; tonight, he lost it by 22 points to Biden. His total vote fell from 1,791 last cycle to just 504 today.

By: David Weigel

9:34 PM: Members of Phish, who have known Sanders for decades, jam for him

ESSEX JUNCTION, Vt. — When Jon Fishman, the drummer for Phish, first encountered Sanders in the early 1980s, he thought the rumpled man he saw advocating for gay rights was a local activist. A friend then told him that the man was a local activist — and the mayor of Burlington.

Fishman recalled that scene on Tuesday night, backstage at Sanders’s Super Tuesday rally, as he explained his endorsement of the Vermont senator. Sanders, he said, has been a fixture in the city inextricably linked to his rock band, which was founded in Burlington in 1983. And while they’re not close, they are both New Yorkers who have long embraced the college town's ethos, with its proudly left-wing politics and lively arts scene.

Fishman made his decision after consulting with his bandmates. Phish, which has a devoted following, usually avoids becoming entangled in politics.

“It’s been a real struggle at times,” Fishman said. “I am a little bit more of an activist.” (Fishman also ran and won a local elected office in Maine in 2017.)

Meanwhile, guitarist Trey Anastasio, he said, “takes the sort of Jimi Hendrix, Jerry Garcia, Frank Sinatra” approach where you mostly avoid politicians.

“It’s not a matter of right and wrong,” he said. “There are really two different, valid opinions. Ninety-nine percent of the time, I actually lean his way on this.”

After the band huddled, a decision was made: Fishman and bassist Mike Gordon would play at Sanders’s rally on Tuesday as “members of Phish,” but not as Phish.

“The middle ground compromise is that everyone respects everyone’s individual activities,” Fishman said. “We aren’t going to have Phish back Bernie Sanders. But if I wear my Bernie Sanders dress on stage, no one says boo about it.”

Fishman said he doesn’t mind that Sanders, 78, sometimes refers to his band as “the Phish” rather than “Phish” — a sign that the senator might not be familiar with the the opening chords of “Bathtub Gin” or “Tweezer.”

“I’m not sure if he’s heard a note,” Fishman said, chuckling. “But The Phish? That’s better than some canned response response about how much he loves it.”

Fishman and Gordon later played a short set with the Mallett Brothers Band from Maine.

By: Robert Costa

9:23 PM: Coronavirus not seen as significant factor in Tuesday’s vote

Coronavirus did not appear to significantly limit turnout around the country or cause problems at the polls, election observers said.

In California, officials in several counties took extra health precautions around the vote, such as distributing hand sanitizer, sterilizing voting machines and posting public health notices about the virus and how to prevent its spread.

The state had nearly 50 cases of coronavirus as of Tuesday night.

“We saw a lot of poll workers wearing face masks and also some who were very vigorously wiping down every ballot-marking system after voters finished,” said Kathay Feng, Common Cause’s Los Angeles-based national redistricting director, on a conference call with reporters.

“A few voters were nervous, asking if they [should] come out to vote. But given the long lines [in California] ... there are a lot of voters who are still turning out.”

In the region surrounding Austin, Texas, some election judges and poll workers were no-shows on Tuesday morning, with a few citing concerns about coronavirus. But Travis County Clerk Dana DeBeauvoir said all polling locations were functioning normally by 9 a.m.

“It was a little bigger problem than we usually have,” she said in an interview with The Washington Post. “But we had business resumption within two hours. I’m really pretty pleased with how it worked out.”

Kristen Clarke, president and executive director of the National Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, said she was aware of only a few examples of poll workers not showing up for their assignments over potential coronavirus concerns.

“This has not been an issue that we’ve seen or heard about across the country today,” she told reporters on a conference call.

By: Elise Viebeck

9:20 PM: Biden wins Tennessee Democratic presidential primary

Biden won the Tennessee Democratic presidential primary, according to Edison Research. The state will ultimately award 64 delegates, about 5 percent of the total delegates decided Tuesday night.

Tennessee was one of the Southern states with a sizable black population. In the 2016 Democratic primary, 32 percent of the voters who turned out were African American.

By: Michelle Ye Hee Lee

9:13 PM: Bloomberg spent $33.7 million in ads in the four states that have been called for his opponents so far

Bloomberg spent $33.7 million in television, radio and digital ads in the four states (Alabama, North Carolina, Vermont and Virginia) that have been called for his opponents so far tonight, ad spending shows.

That accounts for about 15 percent of the $224 million overall he spent on ads that ran in the 14 states voting today, according to new data from Advertising Analytics.

Bloomberg has spent more than $570 million on ads since entering the race in late November -- exceeding what President Barack Obama spent on television and radio ads during the entire 2012 re-election campaign.

The $33.7 million Bloomberg spent in those four states accounted for 0.6 percent of his net worth, estimated at $60 billion as of today, per Forbes.

By: Michelle Ye Hee Lee

9:09 PM: Bloomberg has purchased $7 million in ads to run in the next two days in post-Super Tuesday states

Bloomberg, the self-funded billionaire candidate, purchased nearly $7 million in ad slots over the next two days to run in states that will vote after today, according to Advertising Analytics.

The ad buys were made in 15 states and Puerto Rico, including in Florida, Illinois, Ohio, Arizona, Georgia and Pennsylvania.

The content of the upcoming ads is unknown, and do not indicate whether he will stay in the race after tonight. In a speech in Florida Tuesday night, Bloomberg vowed to press on. The campaign can run ads in support of other candidates in the race, or in opposition to President Trump.

Bloomberg has already spent more than $551.8 million on ads that ran as of today, and $224 million of that was spent on Super Tuesday states. Bloomberg is the biggest self-funding candidate in U.S. history.

By: Michelle Ye Hee Lee

9:06 PM: Stark generational divide appears in early exit polls

In another sign that a head-to-head featuring Sanders and Biden would mirror the 2016 primary in fundamental ways, preliminary exit polls showed a stark generational divide in support for the two septuagenarian men.

In the seven states where polls have closed so far, Sanders has led by a median 37 points among 17-to-29-year-olds and 20 points among 30-to-44-year-olds. But Biden has led by 24 among 45-to-64-year-olds and by 33 among seniors.

a close up of text on a white background

The senator from Vermont has vowed that his campaign would bring low-propensity voters, including young people, into the fold — a promise not yet realized in states that have weighed in on the nominating contest. At the same time, he remains the runaway favorite for younger voters who do turn out to vote, based primarily on his uncompromising positions on the environment, education and health care.

Sanders was performing even better among voters ages 18 to 29 than he was among voters who describe themselves as “very liberal,” according to early exit polls. Biden was doing almost as well with voters over 65. The only group that backed him more strongly were African American voters, according to the same preliminary polling.

Marisela Hernandez, a 29-year-old cashier in Santa Ana, Calif., said she backed Sanders because of his promise to transform the immigration system and end the demonization of people in the country without documentation.

“I have a whole Hispanic family here, and doors are closing for them,” she said. “Bernie Sanders would make change.”

The pattern didn’t hold across the board. Richard Wright, a 33-year-old musician in Los Angeles, where polls don’t close until 11 p.m. Eastern time, was deciding between Biden and Sanders but ultimately went with the former vice president because he feared for the senator’s health.

“It just seems like he’s the better of not-so-good options,” said Wright, bucking his age cohort.

Read more about the early exit polls from Super Tuesday contests.

By: Isaac Stanley-Becker and Scott Clement

9:02 PM: DNC Chair Tom Perez says remaining caucus states should switch to primaries

Voters in four Super Tuesday states cast ballots this year rather than participating in caucuses — and everyone is better off for it, argued Democratic National Committee Chairman Tom Perez.

In an interview with MSNBC’s Rachel Maddow, Perez said the remaining caucus holdouts should follow the lead of Colorado, Maine, Minnesota and Utah and move toward a primary system.

“I think the four happiest people in America are the four party chairs in those four states who don’t have to run their own caucuses,” Perez said.

The seven states and territories that still hold caucuses include American Samoa, which caucused on Super Tuesday, North Dakota, Wyoming, Guam and the Virgin Islands, along with Iowa and Nevada, which already held their caucuses for the cycle.

It’s not the first time Perez has expressed frustration at the caucus system. Under his leadership, the DNC persuaded a total of seven states to adopt primaries after 2016 and he has said the party will have a similar conversation this year.

Iowa’s chaotic caucuses put renewed heat on that state and others to move away from the process. Perez called the irregularities there “unacceptable” and told CNN last month: “I’m frustrated, I’m mad as hell — everybody is.”

By: Reis Thebault

9:00 PM: Cunningham is projected to win Democratic primary for North Carolina Senate race

Cal Cunningham is projected to win the Democratic primary for a North Carolina Senate seat. The race pitted the establishment pick against a liberal state legislator, which will be hotly contested in November.

Cunningham will face Republican Sen. Thom Tillis, who edged Democratic incumbent Kay Hagan in 2014.

Cunningham, 46, a former state lawmaker and an Army veteran of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, ran unsuccessfully for the Senate a decade ago. He was opposed this year by Erica Smith, a two-term North Carolina state senator, who was inspired to run by the wave of women elected to Congress in 2018. Smith received support from a Republican-affiliated political action committee that ran ads touting her as the “true progressive.”

The race also included two lesser known candidates.

By: Chelsea Janes

9:00 PM: In upbeat speech, Bloomberg ignores Super Tuesday losses, vows to press forward

Michael Bloomberg wearing a suit and tie standing in front of a crowd: Presidential candidate Mike Bloomberg enters the ballroom to speak to the crowd gathered for his Super Tuesday rally at the Palm Beach Convention Center in Palm Beach, Fla. © Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post Presidential candidate Mike Bloomberg enters the ballroom to speak to the crowd gathered for his Super Tuesday rally at the Palm Beach Convention Center in Palm Beach, Fla.

WEST PALM BEACH -- Bloomberg rallied a crowd of supporters at the West Palm Beach Convention Center, delivering an upbeat speech in which he cast himself as the candidate best positioned to win swing voters -- and mentioned none of his Super Tuesday losses.

“Tonight, we proved something very important: We proved we can win the voters who will decide the general election. And isn’t that what this is all about?” Bloomberg said to cheers from the crowd.

He declared that his strategy of skipping the early contests in Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada and South Carolina was a smart choice, despite his disappointing showing Tuesday night.

Bloomberg has spent more than $500 million on his campaign so far.

“Now, when my fellow candidates spent a whole year focusing on the first four states, I was out campaigning against Donald Trump in the states where the election will actually be decided, like Wisconsin and Michigan and Pittsburgh and Ohio and North Carolina, and of course, Florida," Bloomberg said, vowing to send Trump "back to Mar-a-Lago permanently!”

About 1,000 people showed up for the event, which was fully catered with wine and beer. Bloomberg was introduced by Judy Sheindlin, the television personality better known as Judge Judy, as well as a Parkland High School student.

Earlier in the night, the main hall turned off cable news before results came in from Virginia. MSNBC came back on briefly when American Samoa was called for Bloomberg.

By: Michael Scherer and Felicia Sonmez

8:51 PM: Biden’s Southern support fueled by moderate and “somewhat liberal” voters

Overall, Biden performed well among moderate and conservative voters in the seven states where the polls have closed, while Sanders did better among voters who consider themselves very liberal.

But ideology played out somewhat differently across the states.

In three southern states today -- Virginia, North Carolina and Alabama -- Biden had double-digit advantages among moderate and conservative voters and also voters who consider themselves somewhat liberal. And in Alabama, Biden held an edge over Sanders even among the roughly 2 in 10 voters who said they were very liberal. In the other two Southern states, very liberal voters narrowly favored Sanders over Biden.

a screenshot of a cell phone: Share of support among moderate or conservative voters in Super Tuesday states reporting as of 10:20 p.m. Share of support among moderate or conservative voters in Super Tuesday states reporting as of 10:20 p.m.

By comparison, in Maine, a majority of very liberal voters backed Sanders, while nearly half of moderates and conservatives voted for Biden. Somewhat liberal voters were more divided: about 1 in 3 backed Sanders, a similar share voted for Biden. About 2 in 10 of both somewhat and very liberal Maine voters supported Warren.

And Sanders garnered support across the ideological spectrum in his home state: While about 7 in 10 very liberal Vermont voters backed him, so did roughly 6 in 10 somewhat liberal Vermont voters -- and he even held a double-digit lead among even moderate and conservative Democratic voters in Vermont.

Warren performed better in her home state of Massachusetts than in other states. She split the votes of very liberal voters in the state with Sanders (each backed by about 4 in 10 of very liberal voters), while somewhat liberal voters broke roughly evenly for Warren, Sanders and Biden. Biden had a clear lead among moderate and conservative voters in the state.

By: Jocelyn Kiley

8:51 PM: Why California, which could be Sanders’s big delegate prize, may be late to report

LOS ANGELES — A string of early victories on the East Coast lifted Biden early Tuesday night, solidifying the story of his post-South Carolina revitalization.

Any attempt by Sanders to counter that narrative could be undermined by the unhurried process for counting votes in California, which, if polls are to be trusted, could deliver the Vermont senator his big win of the night. The Golden State awards 415 delegates — more than a fifth of the number needed to secure the nomination.

But how those delegates are going to be allocated may not be clear for days, even weeks. The state gives its election officials 30 days to count ballots, and California’s secretary of state is not required to certify the results until April 10.

The process here takes time not just because of the size of the population but because of measures introduced to expand access to the ballot box. And changes designed to speed the process across large swaths of the state, including in Los Angeles County, appeared instead to cause technology problems that forced a return to analog methods.

The state’s vote-by-mail system means ballots postmarked by March 3 are to be counted, even if they arrive in the days after Super Tuesday. If the signature on the ballot doesn’t match the one on file, election officials are required to inform the voter, allowing an opportunity to rectify the mismatch.

Same-day registration allows voters to cast provisional ballots, which must be checked to confirm eligibility. There appear to be an unusually high number of provisional ballots being cast Tuesday, owing in part to technical problems at precincts.

In Los Angeles County, for example, network issues thwarted the use of electronic poll books, preventing county officials from confirming registration and forcing them to hand out provisional ballots to voters waiting in lengthy lines. The problem was particularly pronounced at the University of California at Los Angeles, where students were waiting in line for up to two hours. Elsewhere, problems with touch-screen machines were causing delays and forcing poll workers to hand out provisional ballots, defeating the purpose of the new software.

By: Isaac Stanley-Becker

8:44 PM: Advocates say Tennessee faced the most voting problems on Super Tuesday, due to tornado

Voting rights advocates identified Tennessee as among the most problematic states for voting Tuesday, blaming damage from the tornado that swept through the state early Tuesday morning.

“This is one of the biggest crises that we’ve seen this Super Tuesday,” Kristen Clarke, president and executive director of the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, said on a conference call with reporters. Clarke cited “very long lines” to vote in parts of the state, including some that were more than two hours long.

“The lion’s share of our resources and energy has been focused on addressing events in Nashville and the surrounding region” on Tuesday, she said.

Democrats successfully petitioned to extend voting time around Nashville on Tuesday afternoon as the region worked to recover from the storm. Dozens of people were missing, and at least 25 people died in four counties, including children, according to Gov. Bill Lee (R).

The favorable ruling from a Davidson County judge meant that all polling locations in the county were open an additional hour, until 8 p.m. local time, and five larger polling sites were open an additional three hours, until 10 p.m. local time.

Clarke said the extension was not sufficient to give voters a “full and fair opportunity to have their voice heard” and called on election officials to allow voting for at least three more days.

She said some people lost driver’s licenses or other forms of identification during the storm, creating a hurdle for them to vote, and cited the experience of one would-be voter whose home was destroyed.

“She is suffering from exhaustion and hunger. … She is dealing with the trauma of losing her home and is devastated,” Clarke said. “She feels like her life has been torn apart. In her words, there is no way that she was able to go to her polling location.”

By: Elise Viebeck

8:42 PM: Biden tops Sanders among electability-focused voters

Biden’s support was consistently drawn Tuesday night from voters who put a higher priority on beating Trump than on agreement with the candidate’s policy positions.

A clear majority of voters prioritized electability in every state, according to preliminary exit polls from the seven states where polls were scheduled to be closed by 8 p.m. Eastern Time. And a vast majority of those voters favored Biden, often by 2 to 1 over Sanders. Unlike early races, Sanders was not able to consistently count on the voters who prioritized issue agreement over electability.

Across the states, roughly 6 in 10 Democratic primary voters said beating Trump was more important than policy agreement. Biden won a plurality of those votes in every state where polls have closed so far, except Sanders’s home of Vermont, where the senator dominated.

In the other states, Biden won that group by wide margins in Alabama and Virginia. In North Carolina, about 6 in 10 voters prioritized electability and Biden got nearly half of those voters compared to the low teens for Sanders.

In the first three contests this year, Sanders had an offsetting advantage among voters who prioritized issue agreement over beating Trump. Sanders beat Biden, coming in first among those Democrats in Iowa, New Hampshire and Nevada.

But in Biden’s big victory in South Carolina on Saturday, he won those voters. According to early exits from Super Tuesday, among issue-focused voters, Biden and Sanders were about even in Virginia and North Carolina, but Sanders garnered the majority of them in Vermont.

By: Dan Keating

8:37 PM: Biden dominates among black voters in early Super Tuesday states

Black voters made up vastly varying shares of the Democratic primary electorate across the country today, from roughly 1 or 2 percent of voters in Maine and Vermont to more than 4 in 10 voters who cast a ballot in Alabama, according to early exit polls.

Black voters also were double digit shares of the electorate in Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee and Texas. In all but one state where polls have closed and there were enough black voters to accurately poll, early data suggests that Biden dominated. He got roughly 7 in 10 black voters in Alabama, and 6 in 10 in Virginia and North Carolina.

The outlier: Massachusetts. There, black voters made up about 1 in 10 voters and Sanders looked to be roughly even with Biden. Hispanic voters were a significant presence in Texas, Colorado and California on Super Tuesday, representing between 2 in 10 to one third of voters in each state, according to early exit poll results.

Eric Garcetti, Joe Biden are posing for a picture: Former Vice President Joe Biden meets California voters at the famous Roscoe's House of Chicken and Waffles restaurant in Los Angeles, Ca. © Melina Mara/The Washington Post Former Vice President Joe Biden meets California voters at the famous Roscoe's House of Chicken and Waffles restaurant in Los Angeles, Ca.

By: Claudia Deane

8:18 PM: Biden revels in early wins but tells supporters, ‘I don’t want to jinx myself’

LOS ANGELES — A crowd cheered as Biden was introduced at Roscoe’s House of Chicken and Waffles here, just moments after the former vice president learned he was projected to win Virginia.

The restaurant is a local institution, and a framed photo on display offers one reason Biden may have ventured there: President Obama is pictured in 2011, smiling with his arms around the Roscoe’s staff.

As Biden walked through the door, a crowd of reporters asked him about his projected win in Virginia, where he had opened up a wide margin over Sanders.

“It feels good — I’m optimistic,” Biden said, adding, “I’m not the pundit. You guys are the pundits.”

Nevertheless, he offered one more prediction: “We think we’ll do well in Alabama, but let’s see. I don’t want to jinx myself.”

Among the crowd at the restaurant was at least one familiar face: actor Keegan-Michael Key, who played Obama’s “anger translator” in a popular recurring skit on the sketch comedy show “Key and Peele.” While in character, Key would rage about issues that vexed Obama, played by Jordan Peele, but that the president couldn’t discuss publicly.

In Roscoe’s, Key posed for photos with Biden and said, “I’m all for Joe.”

As Biden lingered, signing autographs, he got more good news: He was projected to win North Carolina.

By: Cleve R. Wootson Jr. and Reis Thebault

8:11 PM: Super Tuesday stretches from coast-to-coast in scramble for delegates.

a person sitting at a desk with a laptop: Los Angeles © Melina Mara/The Washington Post Los Angeles

See More photos of Super Tuesday from coast-to-coast

a group of people sitting at a desk: Burlington, Vt.

Burlington, Vt.
© Salwan Georges/The Washington Post

By: Washington Post Staff

8:07 PM: Tulsi Gabbard gets a delegate, and maybe a debate invite

One hundred and three people in American Samoa might just have just brought Gabbard back into the Democratic debates.

The tiny territory’s caucuses, in which just 351 voters participated, seems to have gone for Bloomberg, but Gabbard ran a strong second, qualifying for one of five available delegates. Gabbard did not campaign in the territory, but she was born in it, and her father is part Samoan.

While the Democratic National Committee has not released its rules for the next debate, which will be held in Phoenix on March 15, the rules for the past three debates extended an automatic invitation to any candidate who won delegates in primaries or caucuses. (That replaced a prior rule, which required candidates to attract a rising level of individual donations.) One good morning in the Samoa Sports Center could end up restoring Gabbard, who disappeared from the debates after November, to the debate stage.

Or not. After it became clear that Gabbard would grab a delegate from American Samoa, DNC spokeswoman Xochitl Hinojosa tweeted that the party had yet to release rules for the next debate.

“Of course the threshold will go up,” Hinojosa wrote. “By the time we have the March debate, almost 2,000 delegates will be allocated. The threshold will reflect where we are in the race, as it always has.”

Gabbard had previously said she would boycott the debate stage, even if she qualified, and proceeded to fall far below the delegate threshold in the first four states.

By: David Weigel

8:05 PM: Analysis: Polls showed Biden’s post-South Carolina surge coming

After each of the four presidential primary contests that preceded voting on Super Tuesday, there were significant changes in the Democratic field.

After Iowa, Buttigieg and Bloomberg surged, for different reasons. Buttigieg won the most state-delegate equivalents, spurring new support. Bloomberg, already dumping money into Super Tuesday states, apparently took advantage of Biden’s poor showing to gain ground.

After New Hampshire, Klobuchar got a bit of a boost — and Biden continued heading down.

Right before Nevada, though, Bloomberg stumbled badly in a debate. His support stalled and Biden began to surge in South Carolina (and, to a lesser extent, nationally).

Then South Carolina happened, and Biden blew out the competition. His national polling began to spike.

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As we noted earlier, that recent spike suggested that Biden would see improvement in Tuesday’s results, but it wasn’t clear how real the shift was. Biden’s projected wins in Virginia and North Carolina demonstrated that it was very real.

What’s particularly interesting about the shift in recent days is that the more-moderate field of candidates, including Biden, Buttigieg, Klobuchar and Bloomberg, now has the support of a majority of Democratic primary voters. The more-liberal field (Warren and Sanders) has receded a bit. The number of voters who don’t hold a position in recent polls has similarly shrunk.

a close up of a logo

What’s happened in the past few days is remarkable and unexpected. There are still a number of states that will report in on Tuesday night. But the polls appear to have seen Biden’s early-evening strength coming.

By: Philip Bump

8:02 PM: Biden performs well with black voters in Virginia

Early exit polls suggest former vice president Joe Biden performed well with black and white voters in Virginia, suggesting he was replicating his success in the weekend’s primary in South Carolina, as The Washington Post’s Lenny Bronner observed.

Jeremy Bowers, director of engineering at The Post, noted that states like Virginia and North Carolina are significant because they include large numbers of both nonwhite and non-college-educated white voters. Both demographics will be key to Democrats in their quest to take back the White House, he said.

As results began to trickle in on the East Coast, polls remained open throughout much of the country, including west of the Mississippi, where most of tonight’s delegates lie. In states like California, election officials have 30 days to count ballots, meaning results may not be clear until next month.

Follow results and analysis on The Post’s live show.

By: Isaac Stanley-Becker

8:00 PM: Biden projected to win North Carolina

Biden is projected to win North Carolina’s Democratic presidential primary.

North Carolina will award a total of 110 delegates. The state, a key general-election battleground, is home to a diverse electorate, with African Americans comprising one-third of all Democratic primary voters in 2016. Barack Obama won North Carolina in 2008 in a close vote and lost narrowly to Mitt Romney in 2012. Donald Trump won the state in 2016.

Polling ahead of Super Tuesday showed Biden with a narrow lead over Sanders, who lost the state to Hillary Clinton in the Democratic primary four years ago.

By: Felicia Sonmez

8:00 PM: Biden projected to win Alabama

Biden is projected to win the Democratic presidential primary in Alabama. The state will ultimately award 52 delegates, about 4 percent of the total delegates decided tonight.

Winning the African American vote in Alabama was crucial, as black voters made up 54 percent of the 2016 Democratic primary contest in the state.

By: Michelle Ye Hee Lee

7:52 PM: Warren warns supporters not to use a ‘complicated strategy’ when voting. Just vote for her.

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DETROIT — Warren took the stage in Detroit for a rally around 7:15 p.m., before most of the Super Tuesday results came in and only spoke briefly as voting wrapped up in 14 states and one territory.

“What I see happening is a lot of folks trying to turn voting into some complicated strategy,” Warren said, speaking to more than 2,200 supporters at a warehouse in the Eastern Market section of Detroit. “They are playing games about prediction and strategy. Prediction has been a terrible business.”

Her pitch to the crowd was that voters shouldn’t try to game out what others might do.

“Cast a vote that will make you proud,” Warren said. “Cast your vote from your heart. Vote for the person who you think will make the best president of the United States.”

Aside from her home state of Massachusetts, where polls showed her neck-and-neck with Sanders, Warren is not projected to win any Super Tuesday states, but her campaign strategy is to pick up as many delegates as possible under the idea that the race has been incredibly fluid and that both Biden and Sanders are flawed candidates. More attention on both of them, Warren’s team believes, will only leave voters looking for an alternative.

But it’s unclear how much longer they can make that argument — particularly if she fails to pick up a significant number of delegates tonight.

Warren’s decision to hold an election night rally in Michigan — which does not vote until next week — underscores her concerns about the results tonight. Several of the supporters who came to see her acknowledged that her path is narrow but said they plan to vote for her no matter what happens in other states.

“I still think it’s important to show support for who you think the best candidate is,” said Matthew Chikaonda, 33, a law student. “She has a lot of important things to add to the conversation.”

a group of people that are standing in the dark © Matt McClain/The Washington Post

By: Annie Linskey

7:30 PM: Voting worries subsiding around Austin

Worries about the “rocky start” to Super Tuesday voting in Travis County, Tex., declined by the afternoon, as voters said they were not concerned about coronavirus and election officials expressed confidence that they had addressed the issue of no-show workers at polling places.

Travis County Clerk Dana DeBeauvoir said about 15 vote centers were missing staff as of 7 a.m. because of no-show election judges and poll workers, some of whom had cited fears about coronavirus as their excuse.

“Some of the people were telling us it was because of the news they were hearing, and the news was about the virus,” DeBeauvoir said in a phone interview, noting that the no-shows were likely “a little bit up in years” and “perhaps a little more concerned about their health.”

DeBeauvoir said she relied on a group of standby election judges and workers to ensure nearly all voting locations were up and running by 8 a.m. She said all locations were confirmed to be running normally by 9 a.m., and that there are currently no plans to extend voting hours.

Lines were still long in some areas in the afternoon, though officials, voters and experts said this was not unusual.

At Fiesta Mart in Austin, the line was through door for hours in the morning as voters waited to cast their ballots. Emma Stanley, a Democratic alternate judge working at the location, said that the coronavirus scare did not keep her or any other workers at the location from helping with voting today.

“This is the first I’m hearing about anything like that,” she said. “The lines have been long day, and at this location they always are."

DeBeauvoir reported that 50,000 voters had cast ballots as of 12:15 p.m. local time as evidence that the morning personnel issues had not affected turnout. She encouraged voters to avoid grocery-store voting locations -- among the county’s smallest by square footage -- and check the Travis County website for voting centers with the shortest lines.

Sindya N. Bhanoo contributed reporting

By: Elise Viebeck and Sindya N. Bhanoo

7:26 PM: Analysis: Biden’s Virginia rebound shows the shift in the race is real

A Virginia poll conducted by Monmouth University in the middle of last month captured the state of play after New Hampshire. Biden, who had been blown out in the Granite State, had slipped into a three-way tie after holding a clear lead in the state for months. Bloomberg, coasting on the strength of massive investments in television ads and staff, now joined him among the front-runners. Nationally, things looked similar: Bloomberg eating away at Biden’s support.

That dynamic lasted past the middle of February. With South Carolina looming last week, it still seemed feasible that Bloomberg might either displace Biden’s position as the leading moderate candidate or, at least, stand as an obstacle to the former vice president. Then Biden won South Carolina and picked up the endorsements of three of his former opponents, and within 72 hours, his campaign’s fortunes had reversed. How that might affect voting on Super Tuesday, though, wasn’t clear.

Apparently driven in part by Bloomberg’s poor performance in a debate in Nevada, late polls in South Carolina showed a sudden spike in support for Biden in the state, a surge that was manifested in the result. After he won there, polls showed a similar surge for Biden nationally, too, in other contested Super Tuesday states — raising the possibility that Biden could overperform broadly in Tuesday’s contests. When polls closed in Virginia, that possibility became a reality.

As big as Biden’s South Carolina win was, his win in Virginia isn’t far behind. It shows that South Carolina wasn’t really a fluke and that Biden’s campaign is back on track. For the most part, it’s the track we’d have expected him to be on six months ago, but it’s not the track he appeared to be on last week.

By: Philip Bump

7:00 PM: Biden projected to win Virginia

Biden is projected to win the Democratic presidential primary in Virginia, Edison Research predicts.

The state will ultimately award 99 delegates, about 7 percent of the total delegates decided tonight.

About half of Democratic primary voters in Virginia had said that Biden is the candidate who would have the best chance of beating Trump in November, while roughly 2 in 10 had said Sanders would be best positioned to beat Trump, according to early exit polling.

Denise Crawford et al. standing in a room: Nervahna Crew, center, celebrates with other Joe Biden supporters at the Raleigh Times restaurant in Raleigh, N.C. when CNN calls Biden as the winner in North Carolina. © Eamon Queeney for The Washington Post Nervahna Crew, center, celebrates with other Joe Biden supporters at the Raleigh Times restaurant in Raleigh, N.C. when CNN calls Biden as the winner in North Carolina.

By: Michelle Ye Hee Lee

7:00 PM: Sanders is projected to win Vermont, his home state

Sanders is projected to win Vermont’s Democratic presidential primary, Edison Research predicts.

Vermont will ultimately award 16 delegates at the national convention, the fewest of the Super Tuesday states and about 1 percent of the total delegates allotted tonight. The state’s Democratic electorate, which is overwhelmingly white, has favored liberal candidates in recent primaries.

Sanders’s victory in his home state is unsurprising. The popular senator won there by more than 70 points over Hillary Clinton in 2016, and he held a commanding lead over his competitor in the limited state polling this year.

By: Reis Thebault

7:00 PM: Over ice cream, Biden says he’s feeling good about his Super Tuesday chances

LOS ANGELES — Biden nibbled on chocolate chip ice cream and discussed on his Super Tuesday chances during a stop at an ice cream shop in East Los Angeles with the city’s mayor, Eric Garcetti.

The stop at La Michoacana was one of several Biden made before his primary night party in Los Angeles. He estimated he had raised about $5 million a day since his commanding victory in South Carolina’s primary.

Still reveling in that win, Biden said he’s been “really, really moved” by all the people who have endorsed him — a list that includes three former rivals for the Democratic nomination: Buttigieg, Klobuchar and former Texas congressman Beto O’Rourke.

“I feel good — I have so many good friends,” Biden said, before looking to Garcetti and adding, “These guys not only help in California, they help all over the country, so it means a great deal to me.”

He told reporters he is “very superstitious” and said he wouldn’t predict a win anywhere — though he did say he feels “very good” about Texas, Virginia and North Carolina.

As he spoke and ate, the crowed chanted, “Sí, se puede,” and, “Go, Joe, go,” cheering when Biden was introduced as “the next president.”

“This is the future — look at these young entrepreneurs,” Biden said, gesturing to the room and explaining why he’s made several trips to East Los Angeles.

Biden then took orders from some of the people who’d come out to see him. Garcetti told the room, “Tío Jose is buying.” Biden agreed: “I’m buying!”

By: Cleve R. Wootson Jr. and Reis Thebault

6:58 PM: 'Dark money’ group pours another $870,000 into anti-Sanders ads ahead of Super Tuesday

Big Tent Project Fund, an independent Democratic group that is not required to disclose its donors, reported spending nearly $870,000 today in digital ads attacking Sanders -- bringing the group’s total anti-Sanders ads to $4.8 million in less than two weeks.

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The group is led by Jonathan Kott, a former top aide to Sen. Joe Manchin (D-W.Va.). But as a politically active nonprofit, the group can raise and spend unlimited amounts of money to influence politics without disclosing its donors.

Since Feb. 19, the group has spent heavily on ads attacking Sanders, casting his plans as too radical and costly.

All payments by the group were made to CMP Partners LLC, a consulting firm.

By: Michelle Ye Hee Lee

6:57 PM: Network problems snarl voting in parts of Los Angeles County

LOS ANGELES — Network problems threw a wrench in the use of electronic poll books used to confirm voter registration at the University of California at Los Angeles, in perhaps the most dramatic setback for new procedures and equipment introduced by the county for the 2020 election.

But the hurdle with registration was just one of numerous connectivity issues that snarled voting in parts of the county. Shortly before noon Pacific time, about 20 percent of the touch-screen voting machines were not operational, according to a spokesman for the county clerk’s office.

Meanwhile, federal officials stressed that outages — which were not limited to California but affected other large states, including Texas — were due to IT hurdles, not hacking or other malign activity.

“These are intermittent IT issues that are resolved,” said Chris Krebs, director of DHS’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency.

Still, the problems were causing headaches, and casting doubt on new technology designed to speed up voting and guard against foreign interference in the democratic process.

A long line snaked around an auditorium at the UCLA student center, and students and staff reported waiting up to two hours to cast their votes. Some simply left, unable to miss work or class.

Brooke Contreras, a 24-year-old who works at the university library, said she would aim to return later in the day. Meanwhile, volunteers held up whiteboards showing other voting locations nearby.

A county poll worker, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because he had been instructed not to talk to the press, said the connection on campus was too slow to support the online system for verifying voter details.

Provisional ballots were being handed out instead, giving voters until the end of the day to complete the forms and postmark them March 3. He said 34 of the 35 voting machines were working, but the process on the front end was too slow. The county was trying to bring a mobile voting center to the site, supplying extra machines as well as a connection boost, the poll worker said.

Elsewhere in the county, voters said they were able to use the machines effectively, with minor hiccups. Some reported difficulty getting the names of all the candidates to appear on the screen, and there was confusion about the randomized order in which the names appeared, differing slightly by assembly district. The secretary of state’s office laid out the drawing system dictating the order at the end of last year.

At Inglewood City Hall, on the south side of the city, Richard Wright, 33, said his screen would only show him the names of two presidential hopefuls — the candidates vying to represent the Peace and Freedom Party. Wright, who works as a musician, said he had to write in former vice president Joe Biden’s name.

Judith Watts, 67, selected Tom Steyer, the billionaire hedge fund manager who quit the race over the weekend but whose name remained on the on-screen ballot. She wasn’t confused by her options; she just didn’t trust any of the candidates remaining in the race.

Most said they had no problem parsing the system, which required voters to scroll to see all of their options.

Valarie Kaur, 39, said she found the ordering of candidates somewhat confusing, only because there was no apparent logic to it. She scrolled all the way to the bottom to find Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) only to realize that she was actually close to the top, in the second spot.

Precautions had been taken to assist those having trouble, Kaur said, such as a pair of headphones at each station that allowed voters to listen to their choices. A poll worker was also on hand to allay any confusion.

“If you live on a smartphone, it’s not difficult to use the system,” she said.

By: Isaac Stanley-Becker

6:30 PM: Health care key issue for Super Tuesday voters, early exit polls show

Among the many issues crossing voters’ minds today was the future of the country’s health-care system, as Democratic primary voters sought to choose between candidates with competing visions.

Primary voters in two states — Vermont, home state of single-payer advocate Sanders, and nearby Maine — stood out in preliminary exit polls as particularly supportive of a major policy change on this front. In each state, roughly 7 in 10 primary voters said they would support “replacing all private health insurance with a single government plan for everyone.”

Voters in states such as Virginia, North Carolina, Alabama and Tennessee were more closely divided in exit polls, though more supported than opposed single-payer health care in each state. Division wasn’t limited to the South, though: In early exit polls from Massachusetts, supporters of single-payer health care were only outpacing opponents by about 10 percentage points.

Voters in every Super Tuesday Democratic primary consistently identified health care as the most important issue to them among four issues tested, ranging from close to half of voters in Oklahoma and Maine, to 4 in 10 voters or more in every other state except Colorado and California, according to preliminary exit polls. In Colorado, health care was the most important issue for nearly 4 in 10 voters. In California, it was the top issue for roughly a third of voters. In second place was climate change, which was consistently rated the most important issue for about 2 in 10 to 3 in 10 voters. Alabama had the smallest proportion of voters prioritizing climate change, with a share in the low teens.

By: Scott Clement, Emily Guskin, Claudia Deane, Dan Keating and Jocelyn Kiley

6:26 PM: Electability is more important than finding a candidate who agrees on the issues, exit polls show

Democratic voters from coast to coast were focused on finding a candidate who can beat Trump rather than someone who agrees with them on major issues. Early exit poll results showed majorities across all 12 states where exit polls were conducted - from North Carolina to Texas to California - said they would rather the Democratic Party nominate a candidate who can beat Trump over someone who agrees with them on the issues. Of course, that instinct may drive voters to support different candidates. In earlier contests, majorities of voters in New Hampshire and South Carolina primaries prioritized electability, but voters differed sharply, with Sanders winning New Hampshire and Biden winning South Carolina.

By: Scott Clement, Emily Guskin, Claudia Deane, Dan Keating and Jocelyn Kiley

6:18 PM: Can Texas go blue?

Texas is quickly trending more liberal after being controlled by Republicans for more than two decades — and lots of Democratic leaders and strategists are closely watching everything that happens in the state, especially in today’s Super Tuesday primary.

In the race for the Democratic presidential nominee, polls have shown Biden and Sanders leading, followed by Bloomberg, who has invested heavily in the state, and Warren. Late Monday night, Biden won the endorsement of former representative Beto O’Rourke (D-Tex.) who built a dedicated following in the state when he unsuccessfully challenged Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Tex.) in 2018. It’s unclear what impact that last-minute endorsement will have — along with the sudden departures of Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.) and former South Bend, Ind., mayor Pete Buttigieg from the race — as early voting in Texas started Feb. 18 and thousands have already cast their ballots.

O’Rourke said he thinks Biden has the best chance of beating Trump in a general election and would help elect Democrats in down-ballot races, especially in states such as Texas, where Democrats are trying to flip seats long held by Republicans.

In 2018, Texas Democrats flipped two suburban congressional districts and picked up 12 seats in the Texas House, putting them just nine seats away from taking control of the chamber — a stunning possibility, considering that Texas districts have been labeled some of the most gerrymandered in the country. If Democrats succeed in retaking the Texas House in 2020, they will have more of a say in the next redistricting process in 2021. Meanwhile, six Republican congressmen — several of whom faced difficult, expensive reelection campaigns in 2020 — have decided to retire, and national Democratic groups are already pouring money and resources into those races.

As Texas’ population has become increasingly diverse, Democrats have had renewed hope that maybe they could once again win the state. Although O’Rourke came close to beating Cruz in 2018, many strategists say it will still be difficult for a Democrat to win statewide in 2020 — and many liberal activists in the state are focusing instead on local races.

By: Jenna Johnson

6:15 PM: Northeastern voters are more liberal than those in the South, early exit polls show

According to early exit polls, Democratic voters in Vermont, Maine and Massachusetts were more liberal than those who went to the polls in Virginia, North Carolina, Oklahoma and Tennessee. In these four Southern states, 4 in 10 or more identified as moderates or conservative. By comparison, about two-thirds of those in the three New England states called themselves either somewhat or very liberal.

Super Tuesday voters were also divided about unlimited spending by candidates. With Bloomberg on the ballot for the first time in today’s primaries, voters in two key states — Tennessee and North Carolina — were divided in their feelings about the fairness of “candidates spending unlimited amounts of their own money on their campaigns.”

Early exit polls suggested that the fair-unfair ratio in each could break close to 50-50. Of course, views were differing quite a bit across supporters of the leading candidates. Majorities of Sanders and Warren backers opposed the injection of personal dollars, while Biden supporters were more divided. Meanwhile, even among those who cast a ballot for the billionaire former New York mayor, between 2 in 10 and 3 in 10 voters said they thought spending personal fortunes on a race was unfair.

By: Scott Clement, Emily Guskin, Claudia Deane, Dan Keating and Jocelyn Kiley

6:08 PM: Voting time extended around Nashville after Democrats’ lawsuit

Democrats successfully petitioned to extend voting time around Nashville on Tuesday afternoon as the region worked to recover from the tornadoes that swept the area early Tuesday morning.

In a joint lawsuit, the Tennessee Democratic Party and the Biden, Bloomberg, Sanders and Warren campaigns sought to keep Davidson County polls open an additional three hours, until 10 p.m. The complaint was filed against Davidson County Election Commission and Tennessee Secretary of State Tre Hargett.

The favorable ruling from a county judge means that all polling locations in the county will stay open an additional hour, until 8 p.m. local time, and that five large polling sites will stay open until 10 p.m. local time.

“This is a victory for all voters and this decision will ensure that everyone has the opportunity to participate in this historic election,” Tennessee Democratic Party Chairwoman Mary Mancini said in a statement.

The party had argued earlier in the day that failing to prolong voting hours “would cause irreparable harm to our democratic process.

Voting was disrupted throughout the region Tuesday due to electrical and structural damage at polling places. Jeff Roberts, the election administrator for Davidson County, told The Post that as many as 15 voting sites were relocated and that some poll workers were no-shows because they were “trapped in their homes or can’t get out of their driveways.”

More than 400,000 voters were registered in Davidson County as of Dec. 1, according to a report from Hargett’s office.

By: Elise Viebeck and Meryl Kornfield

5:49 PM: In mysterious robocalls, Texas voters are told they aren’t supposed to vote until tomorrow

A wave of suspicious robocalls has bombarded voters in Texas, apparently trying to convince local Democratic voters that they aren’t supposed to cast their ballots until tomorrow.

The calls have raised red flags with state election officials, who warned the public about them Tuesday, and prompted frustration among area Democratic leaders, who said the barrage could be a form of voter suppression.

“What they were saying was — if you’re a Democrat, you’re supposed to vote tomorrow; if you’re a Republican or independent, you’re supposed to vote today,” said Trey Arnold, political director for the Dallas County Democratic Party.

“Of course, this is a form of voter suppression. This is a way to confuse a lot of people who just don’t know today is Super Tuesday and can get confused,” he said, noting that it could be particularly problematic with older voters. The suspect calls appear to have come from at least two numbers bearing a San Antonio area code, according to people who have received them.

The numbers themselves may be spoofed, meaning the real person or organization behind the unsolicited messages are masquerading their efforts to make it appear as if they are calling from valid numbers nearby. Local Democratic operatives and other frustrated voters reported the calls to the Texas secretary of state, whose office soon issued a warning on Twitter about “reports of robocalls stating misinformation” about Election Day.

Stephen Chang, a spokesman for the office, said it, in turn, had shared information with federal security officials. Robocalls represent a massive, national headache: An estimated 4.8 billion such automated calls were placed to consumers in February, according to YouMail, which offers a call-blocking app.

The deluge of unwanted contacts prompted Congress recently to adopt a law giving federal authorities greater powers to find, and penalize, violators. A Post reporter called one of the suspect numbers Tuesday. “Hello, we are currently conducting polling in your area, thank you very much,” said a brief, seemingly prerecorded message before the line went dead.

By: Tony Romm

5:27 PM: Where are the candidates tonight?

The top Democratic candidates will be spread out across the country tonight as results roll in.

Sanders will be in Burlington, Vt., while Biden will be in Los Angeles.

Warren, meanwhile, will be stationed in Detroit, and Bloomberg will be in West Palm Beach, Fla.

By: Felicia Sonmez

5:27 PM: First Super Tuesday exit polls show party divided on electability, socialism

As Democratic candidates continue to argue about whether a Democratic socialist can win against Trump, Democratic primary voters in a handful of Super Tuesday states were asked to share their views on socialism in an the exit poll.

Preliminary data from Edison Research found views differing substantially by region. In Maine, neighboring Sanders country, favorable views of socialism outnumbered unfavorable roughly 2 to 1 in early exit polls. Further south, in North Carolina and Tennessee, voters were much more divided. In all three states, large majorities of those supporting Sanders and Warren had positive views of socialism, distinctly different from Biden or Bloomberg voters.

Some other findings:

  • Early exit polling found about half of Democratic primary voters in Virginia said Biden is the candidate who would have the best chance of beating Donald Trump in November, while roughly 2 in 10 said Sanders is best positioned to beat Trump.
  • There were similar patterns in three other southern states voting today — North Carolina, Oklahoma and Tennessee. In Sanders’s home state of Vermont, he held an edge over Biden as the best candidate to go up against the president, while Democratic voters in two other New England states were more spit in their views. In each of these states fewer than 2 in 10 voters named Bloomberg — or Warren — as the best candidate to go against Trump.
  • The suspension of Klobuchar’s campaign seems to have had an effect on voters in Minnesota, where almost 6 in 10 said they picked their candidate within the last few days, by far the highest proportion of voters across the nation on Super Tuesday, according to preliminary exit polls.
  • Almost half of the voters in Massachusetts, Virginia and Oklahoma also said they made up their mind within the last few days. That was higher than in other states where voters were asked when they decided for whom to vote. In New Hampshire, 51 percent of voters made up their minds in the last few days in response to the Iowa primary. Voters in Sanders’s home state of Vermont along with several southern states — Tennessee, North Carolina, Alabama and Texas — were more likely to have made their decisions earlier.
  • More than half of Virginia Democratic primary voters said that they would rather see the Democratic Party nominate a candidate who can beat Trump according to preliminary exit polls. That compares to about 4 in 10 who said they’d prefer a candidate who agrees with them on major issues. In South Carolina, a similar share said they’d prefer a candidate who could beat Trump and just over half of them voted for Biden.

By: Scott Clement, Emily Guskin, Claudia Deane, Dan Keating and Jocelyn Kiley

5:13 PM: How many pledged delegates each Super Tuesday state awards

About a third — 1,357 of 3,979 — pledged delegates will be awarded based on today’s contests. We will not know how all of these will be allocated tonight, even if we know who won each state. (We may or may not know that.) It will be weeks before all the votes from California are counted and its delegates are split up.

For more on how delegates are assigned, check out this great explanation of why hitting 15 percent matters.

States’ delegate totals are based on a formula that takes into account both population and the Democratic Party’s strength in particular jurisdictions. (While Massachusetts and Tennessee have similar populations and 11 votes each in the electoral college, more people vote for Democrats in the former than in the latter, so Massachusetts has 91 pledged delegates, and Tennessee has 64.)

From most to least, the number of delegates to be awarded by state Tuesday evening:

  • California: 415
  • Texas: 228
  • North Carolina: 110
  • Virginia: 99
  • Massachusetts: 91
  • Minnesota: 75
  • Colorado: 67
  • Tennessee: 64
  • Alabama: 52
  • Oklahoma: 37
  • Arkansas: 31
  • Utah: 29
  • Maine: 24
  • Vermont: 16
  • Democrats Abroad: 13
  • American Samoa: 6

By: Terri Rupar

4:52 PM: Sanders’s brother votes in Democrats Abroad primary in Britain

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Sen. Bernie Sanders’s brother, Larry, was among the tens of thousands of Americans living abroad who cast a ballot on Super Tuesday in the Democrats Abroad Global Presidential Primary. He voted in the university city of Oxford, where he lives, and then came to London to support the throng of those backing his brother, chanting outside the Abbey Center.

Democrats Abroad is the expat wing of the Democratic Party and is effectively considered a “state,” with 13 pledged delegates up for grabs. There are more than 200 polling centers scattered across 45 countries where American expatriates can vote in the global primary.

“Everybody seems to be for Bernie. It’s very exciting,” Larry Sanders said, standing in a huddle of supporters holding aloft “Bernie” and “Medicare-for-all!” signs.

While those rooting for Bernie Sanders may have been the noisiest of the lot milling outside of the voting station in central London, others were carrying Elizabeth Warren placards that read “Dream Big, Fight Hard,” “The Best President Money Can’t Buy,” and “Persist, Persist, Persist.” One woman was standing next to “I like Mike Bloomberg” signs attached to wrought iron railings.

In 2016, Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) won 69 percent of the votes cast in the global primary.

Larry Sanders said he expected his brother — whom he calls “Bernard” — to maintain his delegate lead after Super Tuesday, “but it will be a long campaign.”

He said Americans living abroad are “more likely to be appreciative of Bernard because they know how nonsensical the arguments against Medicare-for-all and child care and all that sort of thing are because they experience them every day.” He also said that in addition to health care, the top issues for Americans abroad were the climate crisis, on which “everybody I know says Bernard has the best policies,” and the risk of war.

“The risk of war either from a jerk like Trump or from somebody like Biden who has been caught up in this whole ‘American police the world thing’ for decades — I think Bernard is outside of that. He’s not a pacifist, but he’s practical, he’s decent, and he’s sensible,” Larry Sanders said.

When asked his age, Larry Sanders said he was 84. Then he added with a smile, “I think my brother is a bit young for the job.”

By: Karla Adam

4:43 PM: Biden meets Capt. Sully Sullenberger, gets coconut pie to go

OAKLAND — Biden stopped at the Buttercup Diner, a local restaurant still serving breakfast, where he was greeted by Mayor Libby Schaaf, Capt. Sully Sullenberger and several relatives of Nancy Pelosi. But Biden was also met by a crush of media in his sole Bay Area stop on Super Tuesday.

Eventually, members of the media were escorted out of the crowded restaurant. Biden spent an hour in the venue but ultimately got his coconut cream pie to go.

By: Cleve R. Wootson Jr.

4:38 PM: What I’m watching: What does Biden vs. Bloomberg look like?

The former New York mayor got into the race in the fall, when the not-Sanders lane was more crowded than it is today. Now, nearly everybody in that camp has lined up behind Biden — except Bloomberg.

Super Tuesday is the first time he appears on presidential ballots. His late-entry strategy was to skip the early states, and he has spent hundreds of millions of his own money on campaign ads.

Biden has always been Bloomberg’s target. The former mayor has spent money on ads targeted toward the black community, trying to speak to voters about local issues in states such as North Carolina and Tennessee. As a result, his standing in the polls, including among black voters, rose. But did Biden’s dominating primary performance Saturday in South Carolina, where he won 61 percent of black voters, insulate him from Bloomberg?

Maybe not. The Washington Post went to majority-black Memphis on Sunday and found voters there torn about whether to vote for Biden or Bloomberg.

By: Amber Phillips

3:27 PM: What I’m watching: Is Tennessee a bellwether?

a large crowd of people standing around a plane: Democratic presidential candidate Mike Bloomberg speaks during a campaign rally held at the Tri-City Aviation on Feb. 28, 2020 in Blountville, Tenn. © Joe Raedle/AFP/Getty Images Democratic presidential candidate Mike Bloomberg speaks during a campaign rally held at the Tri-City Aviation on Feb. 28, 2020 in Blountville, Tenn.

Having spent last weekend in Tennessee following Bloomberg, I’m really curious to see what happens in that state today. Sixty-four delegates are up for grabs. In a general election it’s considered a possible swing state, mainly because it went blue a few times when Tennessee’s own Al Gore was in the picture.

But in 2016, Donald Trump won by over 60 percent.

It’s a wide state — that’s really the only way to put it. Driving across it, west to east, takes at least eight hours, and over 200 miles separate the Democratic strongholds of Memphis in the far southwest and Nashville right in the middle. In between you have these highways that feel like you’re driving through a tunnel of maple and oak trees, and you’re always battling the wind vortexes that come off the 18-wheelers. So many trucks. Pretty much everywhere else is a sea of red.

Ernest Brooks, a paid Bloomberg surrogate and a city council member in Jackson in rural west Tennessee, told me that national politicians never really try in primaries there anymore. Republicans feel like they can win without a fight, and “Democrats unfortunately have ceded that to them,” he said. Until Bloomberg came along, Brooks said it had been decades — decades — since a presidential candidate had set up a campaign office in his part of the state.

Just because so much of the state is Trump country doesn’t mean that it’s devoid of Democrats. They’re there; they would love to be courted. They tend to be moderates, which is probably why Bloomberg saw fit to open seven campaign offices across the state — far more than any other campaign in the race. Tennessee has an open primary, which means he has a chance of snagging moderate Republicans who are sick of Trump, too.

From what I saw, he’s been drawing big crowds for a Democrat in these parts — a Memphis rally I went to had around 1,000 people. Many of them were black voters, who said they had accepted his apology about New York City’s stop-and-frisk policy — at least he could own up to his mistakes.

Activity in his campaign office in the mountains of Johnson City in the very conservative far northeast (right near the start of the Appalachian Trail) was much more muted this Saturday: four volunteers, two paid staffers and one person canvassing, who was 16.

By: Jada Yuan

2:54 PM: Trump says he’ll ‘very gladly’ debate any Democrat

Trump disputed past reports that he would avoid general election debates, saying he’d “very gladly” debate any of the Democratic candidates.

“Whoever it is, I don’t care, we’ll taken them on,” Trump told reporters outside the White House. “I’ll debate any of them, gladly. Very gladly.”

Trump also repeated his claim that the Democratic Party is working to keep Sanders from winning the nomination.

“I think there’s no question the Democratic establishment is trying to take it away from Sanders, no question in my mind,” Trump said.

He added, “a lot will be learned tonight.”

By: Colby Itkowitz

2:14 PM: Primary to watch: Kay Granger gets challenged by a fiscal conservative

In the crosshairs today is Rep. Kay Granger (R-Tex.), a former Fort Worth mayor who has risen through the ranks of the House Appropriations Committee since her initial 1996 election to become the top Republican on the powerful panel — and by extension, one of the most powerful GOP women in the House.

But her role as a senior appropriator — one who has had to cut deals with Democrats to pass jam-packed spending bills — has earned her the enmity of her party’s fiscal purists and an aggressive primary challenge in the North Texas-based 12th District from business executive Chris Putnam, who has also highlighted her past position as a supporter of abortion rights.

Putnam’s challenge has been amplified by national conservative groups that see a chance to harden the GOP against government spending by ousting a top appropriator. The anti-tax Club for Growth calls the race a “Republican Upgrade Opportunity” and has funneled more than $1 million into the race.

Endorsing Putnam earlier this year, club president David M. McIntosh noted derisively that Granger was a 12-term incumbent and had “recklessly voted for out-of-control deficit-spending, backroom bloated budget deals, and debt limit increases.”

Voters, he added, “deserve a fiscal conservative with a voting record to match.”

Granger said in an interview that she has tried to sell voters on the importance of her position as a senior appropriator — as well as her December endorsement from President Trump, which has done little to stop Putnam’s claims that he would be the more reliable vote for Trump’s agenda.

“I didn’t expect a primary challenge to try to take out someone in my position, Republican by another Republican,” Granger said. “It does take me by surprise. We should be trying to get the majority back instead of taking out the people who are here.”

By: Mike DeBonis

2:12 PM: On Super Tuesday, Virginia is still deciding its shade of blue

RICHMOND — Virginians went to the polls on Super Tuesday looking to bring clarity to a fragmented field of Democratic presidential contenders. The newly blue state's choice could shed light on the road ahead for a challenger to President Trump.

Voters who cast ballots early in the day said they chose mainly based on who they thought had the best chance of beating Trump this fall. But that led to different conclusions.

Walking into the polling place at Lynbrook Elementary School in Springfield, stay-at-home dad Oscar Trejo, 34, said his choice was former vice president Joe Biden.

“Really? I’m for Bernie,” said his wife, Alejandra Trejo, 33, adding that she views Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) as a stronger force for change.

Virginia is still deciding its shade of blue. Voters chose Hillary Clinton over Sanders in 2016, then became the only Southern state to back her instead of Trump in the final ballot. Since then, a diverse strain of liberal voters — many of them women — have brought new political energy and helped Democrats make historic gains in Virginia elections.

Read more here.

a group of people standing in a room: Kate Giska, 39, votes with her son Bernie, 7, at Tuckahoe Elementary School in Henrico County, Virginia. Giska said she voted for Joe Biden because she “trusts his experience.” © Julia Rendleman/The Washington Post Kate Giska, 39, votes with her son Bernie, 7, at Tuckahoe Elementary School in Henrico County, Virginia. Giska said she voted for Joe Biden because she “trusts his experience.”

By: Gregory S. Schneider

2:06 PM: Biden aide says thanks, but no thanks, to James Comey’s support

Former FBI director James B. Comey voted for Biden in Virginia’s Democratic primary, which prompted one Biden aide to respond snarkily that the campaign wasn’t interested in his support.

Comey, who was a Republican for most of his life, tweeted: “Voted in first Dem primary to support party dedicated to restoring values in WH. I agree with @amyklobuchar: We need candidate who cares about all Americans and will restore decency, dignity to the office. There is a reason Trump fears @JoeBiden and roots for Bernie. #Biden2020.”

To that, Andrew Bates, head of Biden’s rapid-response team, replied: “Yes, customer service? I just received a package that I very much did not order. How can I return it, free of charge?”

Comey is disliked by many Democrats for reopening an investigation into Hillary Clinton’s emails a week before the 2016 election and by Republicans for his role in the Russia investigation and subsequent criticism of Trump.

But on Twitter, many people responded critically to Bates, urging him to be gracious.

By: Colby Itkowitz

1:55 PM: In south Los Angeles, regret from some early voters locked out of Biden momentum

LOS ANGELES — Patricia Jordan, a 60-year-old freelance writer, was so enthused by Biden’s decisive victory in South Carolina over the weekend that she stopped into a campaign office here, about a mile from Obama Blvd. She even put her name down on a sign-in sheet.

There was just one problem. Jordan had already turned in her ballot. And she had voted for Bloomberg — a decision she had come to regret in the days since the former vice president’s revitalizing results in the last of the early states, which kicked off a string of endorsements that have buoyed his campaign ahead of Super Tuesday.

Los Angeles County began sending out vote-by-mail ballots a full month ago Feb. 3, and any ballots postmarked on or before March 3 will be counted. By early Tuesday, more than 3.5 million ballots had been returned — still a fraction of the roughly 16 million that were sent out across the state.

But the decision of many Californians to vote early could blunt Biden’s last-minute momentum. In Orange County, for instance, Sanders organizers were counting on large numbers of supporters of Buttigieg and Klobuchar — who ended their bids and endorsed Biden in recent days — having already registered their preferences.

In south Los Angeles, Bloomberg looms largest as a potential threat to Biden. According to field staff, who were not authorized to speak publicly, voters on the phones and at the doors still considering the former vice president also expressed interest in the former New York mayor.

Michael Buckley, a spokesman for Bloomberg’s California campaign, said it was natural for voters to be eyeing the two candidates “as the moderate lane gets smaller, and people look for non-Bernie candidates.” But he cautioned that the race was still too fluid to rally around Biden.

“Remember, Biden was dead three weeks ago,” he said.

The campaign sees Bloomberg positioned in the “midteens” in most congressional districts, Buckley added.

A threshold of 15 percent is required to take delegates from a given district, and the same level of support statewide is necessary to win a share of the delegates allocated based on results across the state. Recent polls have shown Sanders with a double-digit lead in the Golden State, with Biden and several other candidates clustered around the 15-percent threshold. But the surveys were conducted before the primary in South Carolina, and so do not account for the recent transformation of the field.

By: Isaac Stanley-Becker

1:49 PM: What I’m watching: The Lone Star state

Some day, Democrats could turn Texas blue. In the meantime, it’s the most interesting state to watch on Super Tuesday.

There’s a huge haul of delegates — 228, the third-most of any state — and they really are up for grabs. Sanders with his strong support among Hispanic voters, Biden with his surging momentum and Bloomberg with his “Brewster’s Millions”-type spending spree are all poised for some level of success. Even a struggling Warren may clear the 15 percent support threshold to pick up delegates.

The state could do a lot to determine who is winning and who has made their last stand. (Insert hacky Alamo joke here.) It’s why Bloomberg has visited the state seven times, hired 180 staffers here and leased 19 field offices. (To put that in perspective, when Beto O’Rourke took the state by storm in his 2018 Senate run, his campaign leased only 13). It’s why Sanders spent the day of the Nevada caucuses in El Paso and San Antonio and why Biden’s rally on Super Tuesday eve happened in Dallas.

Texas is too big to be one thing: It is desert and marshes, great plains and mountains, Destiny’s Child, Steve Earle and Tejano accordions, sister cities conjoined across international borders and children separated from their parents, a ruby-red state with enough blue dots that, if you squint, looks purple. So on Super Tuesday, it’s not surprising that it could be everything.

By: Ben Terris

1:43 PM: Warren votes in Cambridge, sends a message to schoolchildren

a group of people standing in front of a sign: Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) speaks to supporters after voting on Super Tuesday in Cambridge. © Brian Snyder/Reuters Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) speaks to supporters after voting on Super Tuesday in Cambridge.

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Warren cast a vote for herself in the Democratic presidential contest Tuesday at an elementary school gym a few blocks from her home here.

She went into a voting booth with red-and-white curtains around 9:30 a.m. and stayed there for several minutes. Her husband, Bruce Mann, who accompanied her, voted in a booth next to her. When she emerged, she hugged several of her neighbors, some who were in tears as they told her that they had cast their votes for her.

After affixing an “I voted” sticker to her jacket, the senator from Massachusetts posed for photos before walking outside and climbing into the back of a white pickup truck to address supporters who chanted: “Welcome home! Welcome home!”

When asked about two of her former competitors, former South Bend, Ind., mayor Pete Buttigieg (D) and Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.), throwing their support to Biden, Warren appeared unfazed.

“I think that’s where their politics were all along,” Warren said. “I don’t think there’s anything surprising here. But I do believe that the Democratic Party is a progressive party. I believe that Democratic ideas are popular not just within our party but across our country.”

Warren said that she’s “not worried” by the prospect of losing her home state of Massachusetts to Sanders. “I’m happy to be part of this Democratic process,” she said.

And she reflected on the past 10 years of her life — which has become a theme at recent campaign stops.

“Ten years ago, I was walking here to vote — I was a teacher,” Warren said. “I was not any part of this electoral process other than as a voter. I talked about a lot of solutions. I’m now a candidate for president.”

She referenced the schoolchildren in classes at the elementary school where she voted, many of whom pressed up against the window to catch a glimpse of her. “For all the kids standing in the window,” Warren said. “This is about their futures.”

By: Annie Linskey

1:05 PM: Primary to watch: McConnell-affiliated group interferes in a North Carolina primary — for Democrats

Intraparty tensions are also at play in a pair of Senate primaries in North Carolina and Texas. Democratic Party leaders in Washington are bracing for a close race in the Tar Heel State between their favored candidate, former state senator Cal Cunningham, and a more liberal candidate, state Sen. Erica Smith.

Adding to the intrigue: A super PAC with ties to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) admitted last week to spending $3 million on a covert effort to boost Smith — a bid to force Cunningham and his Democratic allies to spend down their campaign accounts, if not eliminate him from the general election entirely.

By: Mike DeBonis

12:56 PM: Tornado complicates Tennessee voting; group calls on state to extend primary

The tornadoes that swept across swaths of Tennessee on Monday night have complicated voting in some areas, with polling places closed and voters being redirected to other sites.

A spokeswoman for the Tennessee secretary of state said every county in the state has open polling locations.

“Our election officials have performed remarkably well under extremely difficult circumstances and as a result, every county in Tennessee has polling locations open for their voters,” Julia Bruck, the department’s director of communications, said in an email.

She did not say what would happen if voters were unable to get to a polling place because of the storm.

A coalition called Election Protection that works to ensure the integrity of elections sent a letter to Tennessee’s governor, secretary of state and coordinator of elections asking that they extend voting through the end of the week “to provide voters a fair opportunity to access the polls.”

The letter, signed by Kristen Clarke, president and executive director of Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, cited a number of barriers to voting, including school delays and closings, loss of power and electricity, the destruction of homes, and directives for people to stay off the streets. The group also says it has received reports “that in many of the predominantly majority African American precincts, prospective voters are unable to get out to vote at the designated locations.”

“Given the devastation and loss of life, we urge you to immediately extend voting in the primaries through at least the end of the week to provide voters a fair opportunity to access the polls,” the letter states. “Such an extension would not only allow people to exercise their right to vote, but would also prevent interference with ongoing rescue and remedial activities.”

By: Colby Itkowitz

12:51 PM: Sanders adviser says rivals who endorsed Biden offer ‘the same old, same old’ that he does

Jeff Weaver, a senior adviser to Sanders, on Tuesday downplayed the significance of Biden’s new endorsements by three former Democratic presidential rivals, saying they have been articulating the “same old, same old” that Biden is.

Weaver responded to an assertion by Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn) that she, former South Bend, Ind., mayor Pete Buttigieg and former Texas congressman Beto O’Rourke are not “establishment” Democrats, as Sanders’s supporters have characterized them.

During an appearance Tuesday morning on NBC’s “Today” show, Klobuchar said she that considers Buttigieg, O’Rourke and herself to be “fresh faces for the party.”

“Look, being young does not make you not part of the establishment,” Weaver said Tuesday afternoon on MSNBC. “It’s about the ideas that you hold. You know, Pete Buttigieg and Amy Klobuchar and Beto O’Rourke, frankly, all three of them, no disrespect to them, but they all articulated the same old, same old that Joe Biden is articulating. Except for their age, in many ways they were indistinguishable from Joe Biden, which is why a number of them had trouble getting traction in this race. So it’s not a surprise that they would support him, and in fact they do support the same old ideas that led to the election of Donald Trump.”

By: John Wagner

12:36 PM: What I’m watching: Not all districts are equal

One thing to know about the delegate battle underway on Super Tuesday and that is not all districts are created equal.

Some pledged delegates are awarded based on statewide results, but the bulk are distributed based on results in congressional districts (or in the case of Texas, state Senate districts).

One of the Democratic National Committee rules says that the number of delegates per district depends on how the Democrats performed in those districts in past elections. In short, the better the Democratic performance, the more delegates that district awards in the nominating process. Most districts have three, four or five delegates at stake, but that number rises as Democratic performance increases.

In Alabama, most districts have three or four pledged delegates at stake. But the 7th Congressional District, held by Rep. Terri A. Sewell (D), has eight. That’s because voters there backed Hillary Clinton over Donald Trump by 69 percent to 28 percent in 2016.

Meanwhile, the state’s 4th District, held by Rep. Robert B. Aderholt (R), went 80 percent to 17 percent for Trump, and it will have just three delegates in play Tuesday.

Districts with a high percentage of African Americans generally have more delegates because they give big margins to the Democrats, which is the case in Alabama.

Based on the support he received in South Carolina from African Americans, Joe Biden should do well in these kinds of districts. But there are other districts with higher-than-average pledged delegates at stake that do not have high concentrations of African Americans.

The San Francisco district of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) is majority minority, with Asian Americans and Latinos the two biggest minority blocks of voters. Her district will have eight delegates to award.

The district with the most delegates in play is the at-large district in Vermont, with 11 delegates. Four years ago, Sen. Bernie Sanders won every delegate in his home state. He will be trying to replicate that result Tuesday.

By: Dan Balz

12:25 PM: No sign of foreign hacking so far, government official says

The government has not identified any foreign hacking operations directly targeting election infrastructure so far on Super Tuesday, a senior official from the Department of Homeland Security’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency told reporters during a news media call.

The government also has not detected any spike in social media disinformation targeting the election or particular candidates, though the official warned that there has been a “steady state” of disinformation from Russia and elsewhere since the 2016 election.

“This is a 365-day threat,” said the official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to talk candidly with reporters. “There is a low level of constant activity, but at the moment we’re not seeing any appreciable increase or acute spike in activity.”

The official touted government-wide efforts to defend against election interference since 2016 when intelligence officials say Russian operatives tried to aid Donald Trump’s candidacy and hurt Hillary Clinton with hacking and disinformation operations.

“We are better prepared for this single election than any other election in American history,” the official said. “I think the American people, the voting public, need to take a great deal of confidence away from that. … We are prepared. We are working together. We have the mechanisms in place to share information rapidly to the people that need it and to do something about it.”

CISA has been working at a “heightened state of operational readiness” since January to prepare for and combat election interference and is running a physical and digital “situational awareness room” throughout the day where state and local election officials, voting-machine vendors and social media companies can share information about digital threats, the official said.

By: Joseph Marks

12:20 PM: RNC chairwoman, former DNC chairwoman spar over treatment of Sanders

Republican National Committee Chairwoman Ronna McDaniel and former Democratic National Committee chairwoman Donna Brazile sparred Tuesday on television and over social media about whether Democrats are treating Sen. Bernie Sanders fairly.

During a morning appearance on Fox News, McDaniel predicted that none of the Democratic presidential candidates would win enough delegates to secure the nomination outright on a first ballot at the party’s summer convention.

“It’s leading toward potentially a brokered convention, which will be rigged against Bernie if those superdelegates have their way on that second vote,” McDaniel said, referring to elected officials and other Democrats who would get a say on the nominee during a second round of balloting.

Brazile reacted angrily upon seeing a clip of McDaniel during an appearance on Fox News shortly afterward.

“First of all, stay the hell out of our race,” Brazile said, before saying that she is “sick and tired” of Republicans talking about the Democratic nominating process and accusing McDaniel of using “Russian talking points” to sow division.

“That is stupid, so, Ronna, go to hell,” Brazile said. “We’re not trying to prevent anyone from becoming the nominee. If you have the delegates and win, you will win.”

McDaniel returned fire on Twitter.

“It’s ok, @donnabrazile,” she tweeted. “I’d be having a bad day too if my party was still hopelessly divided. Talk of a brokered convention and the DNC trying to stop Bernie obviously hit a little close to home.”

By: John Wagner

12:11 PM: What I’m watching: Which candidates hit 15 percent

a person sitting on a bench: Voters enter a polling station during the Democratic presidential primary in Montgomery, Ala., on Super Tuesday. (Photo by Joshua Lott / AFP via Getty Images) © Joshua Lott/Afp Via Getty Images Voters enter a polling station during the Democratic presidential primary in Montgomery, Ala., on Super Tuesday. (Photo by Joshua Lott / AFP via Getty Images)

Over the course of the evening, I’ll be tracking the most important numbers across all the Super Tuesday states: 15 percent. That, of course, is the threshold for a candidate to earn delegates in a state. Finish the evening with 14.9 percent of the vote and you end up with the same number of delegates as someone who didn’t run at all: Zero.

That’s unless you get over that threshold in one of the scores of congressional districts scattered across the 14 states that are voting. This was a strategy deployed by Pete Buttigieg’s campaign when he was in the race: Target districts where you can hit the 15 percent threshold even if you’re out of the running statewide, and thereby add a few delegates where you can. For the purposes of momentum, winning states is important (as Joe Biden can attest). For the purposes of winning the nomination, though, the important factor is to grab as many delegates as you can from wherever they might be.

There are 183 15 percent thresholds that candidates can surpass to get delegates on Tuesday — 14 statewide and 169 congressional. The nomination may not be decided by a handful of delegates, but if it is, the nomination could, in effect, come down to the ability of Biden to edge past 15 percent in, say, Tennessee’s 3rd Congressional District. Worth keeping an eye on.

By: Philip Bump

12:00 PM: These Buttigieg voters shift support to Biden

It’s a small sample size, but at separate polling places in Virginia, two voters said they cast ballots for Biden after their preferred candidate, Buttigieg, dropped out.

Jim Raybourn, 71, who describes himself as an independent with a mix of liberal and conservative values, said that until Monday he had planned to vote for Buttigieg. But with his first choice out of the race, Raybourn said, he voted for Biden.

“Pete has great potential, very intelligent and former military,” he said. “All of those things appeal to me. Now, sad to say, I’m an anybody-but-Trumper. And I think Joe Biden is the choice of moderates.”

Lara Petry in Manassas also voted for Biden, but she, too, did so only because Buttigieg was no longer seeking the nomination.

“I was pretty upset when he decided to suspend his campaign,” Petry, 37, said about the former mayor of South Bend, Ind.

Now, she’s worried that Buttigieg and Klobuchar still appearing on the ballot could send votes their way that would otherwise go to Biden, whom she considers more electable than Sanders or Bloomberg.

“I just don’t want Trump to be president anymore,” she said.

By: Antonio Olivo and Joe Heim

11:52 AM: Fears of coronavirus lead to ‘rocky start’ for voting around Austin

Multiple poll workers and election judges did not show up for Election Day in Travis County, Tex., with at least some citing fears of the novel coronavirus as their reason, the county clerk’s office said in a statement reported by local media Tuesday.

The statement said no-shows led to a “rocky start” for voting in the county, which is home to Austin and had 774,302 registered voters as of 2018.

“Super Tuesday got off to a rocky start due to multiple no-shows of many election judges and poll workers. To the extent that the Elections Office was given a reason, it seems people were fearful of the Coronavirus,” the statement read.

The clerk’s office said it began implementing “emergency procedures as soon as it became apparent that the number of no-shows was a problem,” with election officials and “other personnel” serving as fill-ins.

The county’s online map of polling places showed wait times of above 20 minutes in about three dozen locations as of 11:25 a.m. Most of those projected waits were between 30 and 60 minutes, but there were also a handful of outliers, including one location in south Austin with a projected 120-minute wait, one in Pflugerville with a 600-minute wait and one in north Austin with a 1,205-minute wait.

It was unclear how wait times were being calculated, and dozens of other polling places on the map showed no waits for voters.

“Some of the polling locations got off to a slow start due to staffing issues. These have been or are in the process of being resolved and we are currently in process of getting wait times updated,” the clerk’s office tweeted around 10:50 a.m.

Voters in Travis County are using ballot-marking devices to make their selections, a new system for the county, according to the clerk’s website.

By: Elise Viebeck

11:41 AM: Primary to watch: Can a liberal insurgent unseat a Texas Democrat?

No race is being more closely watched on Capitol Hill than the Democratic primary in Texas’s 28th Congressional District, where Rep. Henry Cuellar is seeking nomination to a ninth term representing a heavily Latino swath stretching from the Rio Grande to the San Antonio suburbs.

Cuellar is one of the most conservative members of the House Democratic Caucus; he once backed Republican George W. Bush’s presidential bid and has more recently stumped for GOP House colleagues while voting against some of his party’s signature legislative efforts.

[A Latina U.S. Senate candidate asks a question: As Texas Democrats rise, who gets to represent them?]

But party leaders, including House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.), have rallied around him — fearful that a win by challenger Jessica Cisneros could boost the threats to other incumbents, including a trio of powerful committee chairmen who are facing challenges from younger, more liberal candidates this year — Reps. Eliot L. Engel (N.Y.) of the Foreign Affairs Committee, Jerrold Nadler (N.Y.) of the Judiciary Committee and Richard E. Neal (Mass.) of the Ways and Means Committee.

Cisneros, a 26-year-old human rights attorney, has cast Cuellar as too conservative for an overwhelmingly Democratic district — one that voted for Hillary Clinton over Donald Trump by 20 points in the 2016 presidential race. She has won endorsements from Sanders, Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.) and other leading lights of the left.

In a call with reporters Friday arranged by Emily’s List, the influential Democratic women’s group that has endorsed her, Cisneros downplayed the ideological dimensions of the primary clash and said her campaign was “about true representation for border communities.”

“We’re still left out of so many decisions and policies that are coming from Washington,” she said.

By: Mike DeBonis

11:31 AM: Can Biden motivate black voters? Look to the South for answers

While the focus has largely been on California and Texas, two of the larger delegate prizes on Super Tuesday, three states in the South — Alabama, Arkansas and Tennessee — also could offer major clues about the state of the race, including Biden’s ability to mobilize black voters and whether Bloomberg’s massive spending will translate into any serious support.

There has been scant and mostly unreliable polling in all three states, and party officials on the ground have described the election as somewhat unpredictable. On paper, the states would lean toward Biden, but aside from a quick visit to Alabama over the weekend, the former vice president has mostly been absent from the states, where he has been massively outspent and out-organized by Bloomberg, Sanders and even Warren, who dispatched many of her top organizers from Iowa to the region in a last-minute bid to win delegates.

While Biden has seen a surge of momentum in the past 48 hours after his blowout win in South Carolina — including endorsements from prominent local Democrats as well as moderate rivals Klobuchar and Buttigieg, who exited the race and urged their supporters to unite behind him — it is not clear what effect those late-breaking developments will have on Tuesday’s election, especially in Arkansas and Tennessee, where many have already voted.

Bloomberg has spent major time and money trying to win Tennessee, where there are signs he has gained serious support among black voters in Memphis, the heart of the state’s African American population. He has also spent time in Arkansas, where local Democrats say he has made inroads with Biden-leaning voters worried about the former vice president’s electability against Trump.

Tuesday could also offer clues about the breadth of Sanders’s support in the South, including whether he can assemble the kind of diverse coalition he has promised, including new voters and voters of color. Last week, Jane Sanders campaigned for her husband in Nashville, one of the fastest-growing cities in the South and where Democrats have sought to register and turn out scores of young people and a growing population of foreign-born Americans.

By: Holly Bailey

11:28 AM: Trump supporter votes for Sanders in Virginia’s open primary

Tim York cheerfully announced he chose Sanders as the Democratic nominee, though not because he believes in any of the U.S. senator from Vermont’s democratic socialist policies.

Instead, York, who considers himself a Republican, participated in the open primary in Virginia in hopes of helping Trump get reelected in November.

“He’s the weakest candidate,” York, 39, said of Sanders, predicting the senator’s calls for Medicare-for-all and free college tuition would turn off moderate voters. “I think the president has a good chance, regardless, but especially against Bernie."

York’s effort to dilute the results for other Democratic candidates by voting for Sanders is part of a Republican-directed scheme called “Operation Chaos,” in which Trump supporters in states with open primaries are encouraged to vote in the Democratic primary for Sanders.

By: Antonio Olivo

11:27 AM: Sanders says he’s best equipped to defeat Trump

BURLINGTON, Vt. — Sanders spent Tuesday morning like many people in 14 states and one territory: casting his ballot.

Sanders drove a teal Subaru Forester to his local polling place, where he and his wife, Jane Sanders, were swarmed by reporters as they walked in.

“We brought along some friends!” he quipped.

“Today is obviously a very, very important day,” Sanders said as he left. “We look forward to doing well.”

Sanders has long sought to portray himself as the candidate best equipped to defeat President Trump. He has tried to intensify that line of argument in recent days, as centrist Democrats have urgently coalesced around Biden, wagering that he represents their best shot at winning in November.

“If we’re going to defeat Donald Trump, our campaign is the campaign to do that,” he said. “We have the grass-roots movement all over this country.”

He said his campaign had knocked on some 2 million doors.

“We need energy, we need excitement. I think our campaign is that campaign,” he concluded.

Afterward, Sanders hopped back into his car — which featured a “Bernie 2020” sticker on the rear window — and drove away.

By: Sean Sullivan

11:22 AM: Former Obama chief of staff Denis McDonough endorses Biden

Former president Barack Obama has yet to endorse a fellow Democrat in the presidential race, but one of his former chiefs of staff, Denis McDonough, backed Biden on Tuesday.

“At the Obama White House National Security Council during the entire first term of the Obama Administration and then as White House Chief of Staff for the entire second term, I worked closely with Joe Biden,” McDonough wrote of the former vice president in an opinion piece for the St. Paul Pioneer Press. “During that time, he built a strong working partnership with President Obama, unique in the history of the American presidency. In what he did — and importantly how he did it — he demonstrated not just why the president trusted him to take on tough assignments but why he will be an excellent president.”

McDonough went on to cite four episodes in particular that he said illustrated Biden’s penchant to take “the hardest assignments.” They included Biden’s efforts on the 2009 economic stimulus, the 2010 arms control treaty with Russia, the aftermath of the 2013 mass shooting at Sandy Hook elementary school in Connecticut and a 2016 cancer prevention initiative.

McDonough’s endorsement comes on the day of the Minnesota primary. He is a resident of Stillwater, Minn.

By: John Wagner

11:17 AM: Bloomberg says he plans to stay in race through convention

MIAMI — Bloomberg struck a defiant tone Tuesday as polls opened in 14 states, saying he planned to stay in the race until the Democratic convention in July despite no expectation of winning any state in his first ballot test.

“I have shown that I have the management experience to do it,” Bloomberg said of the presidency during a stop at a campaign office in the Little Havana neighborhood. “And no other candidate in the race do I think could beat Donald Trump or could run the country.”

Bloomberg acted unfazed by both Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.) and former South Bend, Ind., mayor Pete Buttigieg endorsing Biden on Monday.

When a reporter asked if he risked taking away votes from Biden, Bloomberg suggested Biden had as much responsibility as him to winnow the field.

“Joe’s taking votes away from me right now. I think that is true,” Bloomberg said. “Have you asked Joe whether he is going to drop out? When you ask him that, then you can call me.”

The event was the first of three Bloomberg is holding in Florida on Tuesday, a state that does not hold its primary until March 17.

Before he spoke, former Miami mayor Manny Diaz, a Cuban American, launched blistering attacks against Sanders, who is expected to win the delegate haul Tuesday.

“The countries we leave behind are often taken over by populists, demagogues with beautiful words. They promise revolution but deliver nothing. Does this sound familiar?” Diaz said. “Well, of course it does. Bernie Sanders, the senator, a man who’s been in government nearly 40 years, a man who was never created a job, a man who has never run a business. This is a man who is a socialist, but he is a millionaire with three homes, including a vacation home.”

Bloomberg refused to set a bar for his own performance in the voting Tuesday, saying he was not sure he would win any state.

“I have no expectations for today,” he said. “But we will have a decent number of delegates.”

He also admitted his only path to the nomination at this point was a contested convention, resulting from no candidate receiving a majority of the pledged delegates.

“I don’t think I can win any other way,” he said. “But a contested convention is a democratic process.”

By: Michael Scherer

11:03 AM: What I’m watching: Which Democrat is Trump most afraid of?

For months, those of us who cover the White House have been asking Trumpworld who they are hoping to run against. Who are they most worried about, and what do they think of the Democratic field generally? The answers were always evolving, depending on President Trump’s mood and which aide, adviser or confidant you are talking to.

But Tuesday night, things will — or at least could — get serious. And I’ll be watching for what happens.

Until now, every candidate who has briefly bedeviled, intrigued or worried Trump — from Biden to Sanders to Bloomberg — has always existed as a hypothetical, someone to be nicknamed and mused about, rather than an actual candidate Trump will face in November.

So I’ll be watching for what Trumpworld starts saying about any clear front-runner to emerge. And, of course, watching the president’s Twitter feed on that front, as well.

By: Ashley Parker

11:01 AM: Where the candidates traveled in their final push before Super Tuesday

On the eve of Super Tuesday, Biden held a blockbuster rally in Dallas showcasing endorsements from former presidential candidates Pete Buttigieg, Sen. Amy Klobuchar and Beto O’Rourke.

Biden campaigned in Houston the same day, a sign that the candidate was trying to make up ground in Texas going into one of the most important days in the Democratic nominating process.

To see which Super Tuesday states each of the major candidates was focusing on, The Washington Post analyzed public events pulled from official Facebook pages, Mobilize candidate sites and Post reporting.

The analysis shows that Sanders has been the most active candidate in these parts of the country in 2020, visiting more than 20 cities in eight states that vote today.

Read more here.

By: Adrian Blanco

10:54 AM: Sanders says his vote and his wife’s will ensure he gets at least two in Vermont

Sanders offered some dry humor to reporters crowded around him and his wife, Jane, as they arrived at their polling place to vote Tuesday morning in Burlington, Vt.

“I want to make sure we get at least two votes in Vermont,” he said as he made his way through the throng.

Vermont is among the 14 states voting on Super Tuesday. In 2016, Sanders won his home state with 86 percent of the vote in his primary against Hillary Clinton.

By: John Wagner

10:41 AM: Bloomberg’s massive wealth and immense spending, in context

Michael Bloomberg et al. standing in front of a building: Former New York mayor Mike Bloomberg greets volunteers during a canvass kickoff as he campaigns in Manassas, Va. © Kevin Lamarque/Reuters Former New York mayor Mike Bloomberg greets volunteers during a canvass kickoff as he campaigns in Manassas, Va.

Bloomberg is the 12th wealthiest person in the world, with a net worth of $60 billion, according to Tuesday’s estimate by Forbes.

Very few of us can comprehend what it’s like to be uber-wealthy like Bloomberg. So we came up with a tool to help you calculate how your personal finances compare with his spending, which you can use here.

Bloomberg is running an ad-driven campaign and has already spent more than $510 million of his own money on ads. If you have been on Facebook, walked past a television, been on Google or received mail anytime since late November, you’ve probably seen one of his ads.

This year, Google and Facebook have served up more than 2 billion Bloomberg ads, which works out to more than 30,000 a minute.

To see his millions — and millions and millions — in ad spending in comparison with other candidates, check out our graphic story.

By: Michelle Ye Hee Lee

10:41 AM: Primary to watch: Can Jeff Sessions win back his Senate seat?

President Trump was once bitten in Alabama, and now Senate Republicans are hoping he will be twice shy about wading into that state’s GOP primary, especially with a bunch of them supporting their former colleague Jeff Sessions.

Sessions, the onetime senator and attorney general who went from Trump’s top ally to his foremost enemy, is trying to rewrite the end of his career by winning back his old Senate seat, beginning with Tuesday’s initial primary vote.

The victor gets the chance to run against Sen. Doug Jones (D-Ala.), who won Sessions’s seat in a December 2017 special election after Trump made a late endorsement of Roy Moore, the former judge who had been accused of sexually inappropriate behavior with teenagers in the 1970s.

But Sessions, 73, has to defeat a collection of Republican rivals, including a pair of well-funded candidates. That sets up the likelihood of no candidate receiving more than 50 percent of Tuesday’s vote and sending the race to a March 31 runoff for the top two vote-getters.

And once the race narrows to two candidates — Sessions appears to be the most likely to come in first place Tuesday, based on public and private polling — all eyes will be watching Trump to see if he endorses the other candidate as a form of retribution against his former attorney general.

“I just would be surprised. Senator Shelby has asked the president to stay out, and I think the president wants to win the seat, and I would be surprised if he jumped in a runoff,” Sen. Lindsey O. Graham (R-S.C.), a Trump confidant, said Thursday.

By: Paul Kane

10:36 AM: Klobuchar appears in new Biden ad

Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.), who endorsed Biden on Monday night, is appearing in a new television ad for him Tuesday in her home state, which is among the 14 voting on Super Tuesday.

The 30-second spot features snippets of remarks that Klobuchar made at a Biden event in Texas where she formally announced her support.

“Vote for decency,” Klobuchar says. “Vote for dignity. Vote for a heart for our country. That is what we will bring to the White House.”

By: John Wagner

9:46 AM: Bloomberg doesn’t need tech elites’ money. So they’re showing support in other ways.

Bloomberg’s vow not to accept campaign donations means tech industry elites are finding other creative ways to show their support for the billionaire candidate.

Instead of opening their checkbooks, some of his backers in the industry are using their clout — both in person and online — to get the word out ahead of today’s Democratic primary in California.

Thirteen tech leaders signed an open letter Monday supporting the former New York mayor’s candidacy. The letter, a blistering rebuke of President Trump’s record on tech and immigration, argues that Bloomberg is the most qualified candidate to spur innovation in the economy.

Read more here.

By: Cat Zakrzewski

9:34 AM: What happens to Klobuchar and Buttigieg’s delegates?

Buttigieg won 26 delegates before dropping out. Klobuchar won seven. But that may not be how many delegates they will take to the convention.

As Josh Putnam, an expert on the primary process, points out, eight of Buttigieg’s delegates were allocated in the statewide vote in Iowa and New Hampshire. He won those by virtue of hitting the 15 percent threshold in those states — but most of the delegates themselves are not actually distributed to the threshold-hitters until later this year.

If Buttigieg and Klobuchar are not candidates in those states at the time the statewide delegates are assigned at the state conventions (April for New Hampshire and June for Iowa), their delegates will be redistributed among those candidates who are. At that point, the beneficiary probably would be Sanders. But by suspending their campaigns, they retain those delegate slots.

[Buttigieg, a self-described outsider, couldn’t convince black voters he understood their struggle]

The delegates they’re assigned, though, won’t necessarily have to vote for them at the convention. (Technically, no pledged delegate has to do so, but that’s a different issue.) The candidates’ delegates will go to the convention and may vote for whomever they want on the first ballot. If no one wins on that ballot, Buttigieg and Klobuchar could push their delegates to vote for another candidate, just as any other candidate might. They’re not bound to, but it gives them a bargaining chip.

The pair’s delegate haul is small in the context of the total that will be awarded. It’s unlikely that 33 delegates would be enough to give Biden a convention win over Sanders. The benefit to Biden from Buttigieg and Klobuchar comes largely not from their passing along their delegates but, instead, from dropping out early enough that Biden is likely to pick up more delegates going forward than he otherwise would have.

There has been a lot of talk among those worried about a Sanders nomination about the need for the moderate vote to consolidate. Biden’s win in South Carolina and his support from the party’s important base of black voters positions him well to be the moderate counterweight to Sanders. Buttigieg aided that goal on Sunday. Klobuchar followed.

By: Philip Bump

9:28 AM: Warren greeted by chanting supporters as she comes home to vote

Andreas Lundstedt et al. that are standing in front of a sign: Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) greets supporters as she walks from her home to the nearby polling location to vote on Tuesday in Cambridge, Mass. (Steven Senne/AP) Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) greets supporters as she walks from her home to the nearby polling location to vote on Tuesday in Cambridge, Mass. (Steven Senne/AP)

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Hundreds of Massachusetts residents supporting Warren lined her street here to greet her as she slowly made her way down the approximately three-block stroll to her polling place.

She could hear supporters chanting, “lt’s time. It’s time. It’s time for a woman in the White House. It’s time,” from her home.

When she emerged with her husband and dog, a cheer arose on the street. As she greeted neighbors and hugged friends, some cheered: “CFPB, CFPB, she fights for you, she fights for me!”

Warren’s brainchild, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, is the subject of a Supreme Court case that’s having oral arguments today.

At times the crowd yelled: “One hour of calls! One hour of calls!” — an homage to her organizing-centric approach to campaigning.

A full 30 minutes after she walked down her front steps, she still had not made her way to cast her vote. As Warren walked into a school to vote, children dropped red and white rose petals.

By: Annie Linskey

9:11 AM: Bloomberg forced to rethink assumptions as he debuts on Democratic ballots

Michael Bloomberg wearing a suit and tie: Mike Bloomberg participates in a Fox News Town Hall Monday at George Mason University. © Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post Mike Bloomberg participates in a Fox News Town Hall Monday at George Mason University.

MIAMI — Bloomberg began his surprise campaign for president with a platform of altruism. His wealth, he promised, would be used to build the Democratic Party up and down the ballot, no matter who the nominee was, with the singular goal of defeating President Trump and making progress on issues he cared about.

A few months and about $500 million later, voters are going to the polls for the first time with a chance to vote for him Tuesday, and that message has been muddled by circumstance.

The candidate he says will lose to Trump, Sanders, is ascendant, and Bloomberg has decided to sit out the consolidation behind a moderate alternative that his staff was demanding just a couple of weeks ago.

“I am in it to win it,” he told volunteers at a stop in Northern Virginia on Monday. “So sign everyone up. If they say, ‘Why vote for Bloomberg?’ Two reasons: one, he can do the job, and two, he can beat Trump.”

For weeks, Bloomberg’s advisers have argued that there is only room for one moderate candidate in the race, given Sanders’s clear strength. The entire campaign was built upon the assumption that Biden would falter and open that lane.

Now that Biden appears ascendant after a strong win in South Carolina — with both Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn) and former South Bend, Ind., mayor Pete Buttigieg endorsing him — the Bloomberg argument has changed.

The advisers have begun to argue in recent days that significant showings by both Biden and Bloomberg in 14 states this week will not ultimately help Sanders, even if the billionaire scores, as some polls and projections suggest, a distant third in the delegate haul. They also hold out hope that the expectations are overselling Biden’s boost after South Carolina and underappreciating the impact of Bloomberg’s massive advertising onslaught.

The peculiarities of party rules mean that both Warren and Bloomberg, if they pull at least 15 percent of the vote in enough states and districts, could have the net effect of shrinking the delegate haul of Sanders, the expected first-place finisher. But if Bloomberg falls below that threshold in enough places, the result could be the opposite, by depriving Biden of margin he needs. The same is true for Warren, who could pull support that Sanders needs.

What is clear is that for the moment Bloomberg has abandoned the win-win branding — either I am the nominee or I help Democrats win anyway — that he promised the party when he entered the race. He is now openly and repeatedly proclaiming Sanders to be a sure-loser in November, and has raised the possibility that he will not spend his fortune to help the Vermont senator in the general election.

For the time being, Bloomberg is not willing to grapple publicly with any of this. His schedule Tuesday includes stops in Miami, Orlando and West Palm Beach, all key cities for Florida’s March 17 primary, a contest for which it is not at all clear he will still be a candidate.

By: Michael Scherer

9:01 AM: Trump urges votes against Bloomberg

With voting underway in several Super Tuesday states, President Trump went on Twitter to urge Democrats not to support Mike Bloomberg and predicted that the former New York mayor would not recover from “his incompetent debate performances."

“Also, as mayor he was very bad under pressure — a chocker!” Trump tweeted, presumably meaning someone who chokes. He used the same term to describe Warren in a tweet last month. (Trump later updated his tweet on Bloomberg, using the word “choker.”)

Trump also delivered a message to voters in Texas and Oklahoma in particular, claiming that Bloomberg’s energy policies would be bad for jobs there. “Don’t vote for Mini Mike!” the president tweeted.

By: John Wagner

8:52 AM: What to watch, hour by hour, as polls close

There’s plenty to watch tonight. Here’s what to pay attention to, and when. All times Eastern.

6 p.m. The American Samoa caucus should conclude by now, at noon local time.

7 p.m. Polls close in Vermont and Virginia, which have no other major elections tonight, freeing everyone up for 30 minutes of heated speculation and/or refreshing Virginia’s Department of Elections website.

7:30 p.m. Polls close in North Carolina, where the presidential primary is atop a fairly busy ballot.

Democrats will pick a nominee to face first-term Sen. Thom Tillis, who has his own nominal primary opponent. Republicans have tried to shape the other party’s primary, buying seven figures worth of TV time to promote Erica Smith, a left-wing state senator, over Cal Cunningham, a moderate former legislator and veteran backed by national Democrats. Polling has found Cunningham solidly ahead, and getting more than 30 percent of the vote would help him avoid a costly runoff.

Three of the state’s newly remapped congressional districts will be nominating candidates to replace retiring Republicans. There is a two-way Republican primary to replace Rep. Mark Walker and an 11-way race to replace Rep. Mark Meadows; both districts are strongly conservative, with any Republican favored to win. And there’s a five-way Democratic primary in the new 2nd District, where Rep. George Holding is retiring to avoid running again in a seat that gave Hillary Clinton a 24-point win four years ago.

8 p.m. Polls close in Alabama, Maine, Massachusetts, Oklahoma, Tennessee and most of Texas, with major federal races in two of those states.

In Alabama, former attorney general Jeff Sessions is mounting a comeback bid for his old Senate seat. He has not cleared the field — former Auburn University football coach Tommy Tuberville and Mobile-area U.S. Rep. Bradley Byrne have been running for the better part of a year, and Tuberville has run close to Sessions in polls. Roy Moore, the former judge and activist who lost the 2017 special election here, is running but polling in single digits.

There are three more Alabama primaries in House districts: one primary challenge and two free-for-alls in open seats. In the 5th District, Rep. Mo Brooks is facing the second conservative primary opponent of his 10-year career. In the 1st and 2nd districts, there are crowded Republican primaries for the right to replace Byrne and Rep. Martha Roby, who fended off a 2018 primary challenge over her criticism of the president.

More is happening in Texas, where six Republicans in Congress are retiring and another is facing a primary challenge, and where emboldened Democrats have piled into a primary to challenge Sen. John Cornyn. There is no clear favorite in that race; the national Democratic Party has gotten behind MJ Hegar, who narrowly lost a 2018 House race, while Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of New York has endorsed Cristina Tzintzún Ramirez, a former organizer for Beto O’Rourke.

The Republicans’ open seats are scattered across the state: There are wide-open races in the 11th, 13th, 17th, 22nd, 23rd and 24th districts. It’s the 22nd, which stretches across Houston’s western suburbs, that will draw the most attention: Pierce Bush, a grandson of the 41st president, jumped into the race after testing the waters in the nearby 7th District, which his grandfather once represented. But the contest in the 13th District will test the power of Trump’s endorsement, as Ronny L. Jackson, the president’s former physician and a failed Cabinet nominee, is running an underdog campaign.

Both parties also have incumbents fending off challenges. In the 12th District, tech executive Chris Putnam is challenging Rep. Kay Granger (R), while in the 28th District, Rep. Henry Cuellar (D) is facing his first serious challenge from Jessica Cisneros, an immigration lawyer backed by Sanders, Warren and Ocasio-Cortez.

8:30 p.m. Polls close in Arkansas, one of two states with no exit polling.

9 p.m. Polls close in Colorado, Minnesota and the parts of Texas in the Mountain time Zone.

10 p.m. Polls close in Utah, the other state where no exit polling will be conducted.

11 p.m. Polls close in California, where a number of House primaries are underway and only one could produce a winner. (Under the state’s primary system, the top two vote-getters will continue to the November election, no matter what party they’re in.)

The biggest prize is in the 25th District, northwest of Los Angeles, where Katie Hill’s resignation last year opened up a swing seat. Democratic state legislator Christy Smith locked up most of her party’s endorsements and will compete in two elections — a special primary for the rest of Hill’s term, and the regular primary for the term beginning next year. If Smith or anyone else gets 50 percent of the vote, that person will win the special election outright; if not, there will be a second round in May.

The second scenario is more likely. Smith has intraparty opposition from Cenk Uygur, the head of the Young Turks left-wing video news network, who does not live in the district but picked it to show that his politics can win anywhere. Republicans did not clear their field, either — former Navy pilot Mike Garcia jumped into the race when Hill was still running, while former congressman Steve Knight and former Trump campaign aide George Papadopoulos, who served 12 days in prison for lying to the FBI in the Russia investigation, jumped in when Hill resigned.

Three other seats are open in November, and two of them are reliably Republican. Rep. Duncan D. Hunter’s delayed resignation created a race in the 50th District between former San Diego councilman Carl DeMaio and former congressman Darrell Issa; Democrat Ammar Campa-Najjar, who lost to Hunter in 2018, is also running. In the 8th District, five Republicans are running to replace Rep. Paul Cook, and in the safely blue 53rd District, former Obama administration aide Sara Jacobs, who ran in a neighboring district two years ago, is outspending San Diego City Council President Georgette Gomez in a classic moderate-vs.-left-wing contest.

By: David Weigel

8:40 AM: Can you vote again if your candidate has dropped out?

With abrupt exits from the Democratic race by Buttigieg and Klobuchar, some voters in Super Tuesday states are asking if they can vote again if they had already cast an early ballot for one of the candidates no longer in the contest.

The North Carolina State Board of Elections on Tuesday reminded voters in the Tar Heel State that the answer is a resounding no.

“If you voted during early voting or mailed in an absentee ballot, you may not cast another ballot Tuesday, regardless of whether a candidate you voted for dropped out of a race after you cast your ballot,” the board said in a statement.

The board also noted that political parties within the state determine how delegates are awarded, including those delegates won by candidates who are no longer running.

Read more here.

By: John Wagner

8:35 AM: Deadly tornadoes strike Tennessee hours before polls open

Powerful tornadoes ripped through central Tennessee early Tuesday, killing at least seven people, demolishing homes and businesses, causing multiple injuries and leaving tens of thousands of residents without power.

The tornadoes struck hours before voting stations were scheduled to open.

Officials announced that polls would open an hour late, at 8 a.m., in Davidson County (which includes Nashville) and Wilson County, even as emergency officials were still unclear about the full extent of damage to roads and power lines.

Polls will still close at 7 p.m. as previously scheduled, although Tennessee Secretary of State Tre Hargett said he is “working with election officials around the state to ensure polls in affected counties are open for the required 10 hours today.”

The election added a level of complexity to the emergency response locally: Nashville’s Emergency Operations Center originally announced that the Hadley Park Community Center would be used as a shelter, then corrected itself to tell residents that the center “will be open for voting today at 7 a.m. and will NOT be a shelter location.”

A different facility in the same area of the city was designated as a shelter.

“Many communities in Nashville and surrounding have had polling location damage,” the state’s Democratic Party said on Twitter. “Voters will need to change polling locations in some places.”

Read more here.

By: Kim Bellware and Timothy Bella

8:26 AM: Los Angeles County’s new voting machines hailed for accessibility, dogged by security concerns

For the past decade, Los Angeles County has been promising to develop a new voting system that was to be a model for the nation, accessible to voters with disabilities and to a population that speaks more than a dozen languages. As the first publicly owned voting system in the United States, it would also ease the grip that a handful of private companies have long held on how Americans vote, supporters of the effort said.

After the 2016 election, amid fears of foreign interference, the promise of Los Angeles’s grand experiment was even more enticing as states and counties scrambled to replace their aging election infrastructure with more secure options.

More than $280 million later, on the eve of the California primary, Los Angeles County’s Voting Solutions for All People system — a combination of mail-in ballots and new custom-made electronic voting machines — is being celebrated as a major step forward for voting accessibility. At the same time, though, it has been dogged by security concerns and allegations of a flawed ballot design, according to a government contracting firm that examined the system, advocates for election security and some local candidates.

Read more here.

By: Neena Satija and Joseph Marks

8:17 AM: Mike Bloomberg’s climate plans show how he’s betting big on Texas for Super Tuesday

Bloomberg casts himself to voters as a champion on climate change.

But the former New York mayor is also betting big on Texas on Super Tuesday — and staking out positions in line with voters in the Lone Star State who are reaping the rewards of the U.S. oil and gas boom.

He’s trying to thread the needle on energy and environmental policy: Bloomberg says he’s done more to combat change through his philanthropy than any other Democrat in the 2020 race, but his plan to stop global warming seems designed to avoid alienating those who live in oil and gas country.

Read more here.

By: Dino Grandoni

8:05 AM: Klobuchar says endorsement decisions weren’t coordinated

Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.), one of three former Democratic presidential rivals to endorse Biden on Monday night, said Tuesday that their decisions were not coordinated.

“None of us had talked to each other. We came to our own decisions," Klobuchar said during an appearance on NBC’s “Today” show, adding that the Biden campaign did not pressure her to come on board. “There literally was no push from anyone. It was a decision I made.”

Besides Klobuchar, Buttigieg and former Texas congressman Beto O’Rourke also announced their support for Biden during events in Dallas.

Klobuchar said she started to think about getting out of the race in South Carolina and made her decision while in Selma, Ala., at an event commemorating the anniversary of the brutal attack on civil rights marchers in 1965. Klobuchar said she saw Buttigieg during the march across the Edmund Pettus Bridge, saw how emotional he was and wondered whether he was going through the same thought process.

Asked whether she anticipates Bloomberg endorsing Biden, Klobuchar said, “Let’s see what happens today.”

She added that she considers Bloomberg “a practical person.”

Klobuchar said that she and Biden have not discussed a position for her in the administration “one bit.”

By: John Wagner and Jenna Johnson

8:05 AM: Candidates plan final Super Tuesday appearances

The remaining Democratic presidential candidates are taking different tacks on Super Tuesday when it comes to public appearances.

Sanders and Biden are both planning event events in Super Tuesday states as the results are expected be rolling in.

Sanders is staging a rally in his home state of Vermont — a primary he is expected to dominate. He held a similar event in 2016 when he fell short in his long duel for the Democratic nomination with Hillary Clinton.

Biden plans a rally in Los Angeles while polls are still open in California, the state with the most delegates at stake on Tuesday.

Warren plans to vote Tuesday morning in her home state of Massachusetts — a Super Tuesday state where she and Sanders have been leading in polling — before heading to Detroit for an evening rally. Michigan is among the states holding nominating contests next Tuesday.

Bloomberg, meanwhile, is holding a get-out-the-vote rally Tuesday night in West Palm Beach, Fla. — not far from President Trump’s Mar-a-Lago estate. Florida is among the states with March 17 primaries.

Gabbard, who has been lagging in polls in Super Tuesday states, is also looking forward to future contests, planning a town hall in Detroit ahead of Michigan’s primary next week.

By: John Wagner

8:03 AM: O’Rourke hopes Bloomberg drops out Wednesday if Tuesday doesn’t go well for him

Former Texas congressman Beto O’Rourke, who endorsed Biden on Monday night, said he hopes Bloomberg will consider dropping out of the race Wednesday if he doesn’t do well in Super Tuesday states.

“I would think — and I haven’t spoken to him so I don’t know — that if he doesn’t perform well today, that he bows out tomorrow and fulfills his commitment to spend whatever he thinks is necessary to help the Democratic nominee, regardless of who that might be," O’Rourke said during an appearance on MSNBC’s “Morning Joe.”

O’Rourke, who made an unsuccessful bid for the Democratic presidential nomination himself, praised Sanders for thinking big on issues and said he believes he could beat President Trump and be a “great president.”

But O’Rouke said he thinks Biden has the “best chance” of winning in November, helping down-ballot Democrats and pushing through important priorities such as health-care reform through Congress.

“I think that he can best accomplish the ambitious agenda that Democrats have set," O’Rourke said. "This guy can build coalitions. He can build consensus.”

By: John Wagner

8:02 AM: A brief history of Super Tuesday

Super Tuesday as we know it was born out of a desire by Democrats in the 1980s to nominate a more moderate candidate, said Richard Berg-Andersson, an elections expert with the Green Papers blog.

In 1984, Democrats nominated Walter Mondale, who got crushed in the general election by Ronald Reagan. So for the next election, the Democratic Party in Southern states moved their primaries en masse to March to try to have the more conservative wing of their party chime in sooner in the hopes of boosting a more moderate candidate. (It didn’t really work: Democrats nominated then-Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis, who was perceived to be more liberal than Southern Democrats wanted.)

Today, Super Tuesday is more geographically diverse and less about specific regions trying to influence the election. Rather, each state wants a say earlier and earlier and earlier in the nominating contest, for fear of being left out of the decision-making. It takes some of the fun out of picking if you already know who your nominee will be. Super Tuesday has swollen so much that during the 2008 election for both Democrats and Republicans, about half the states had their contests on one day.

Super Tuesdays can be decisive and signal the end of a primary, as it was for both parties in 2000, said Josh Putnam, a political science professor who runs the elections blog Frontloading HQ. “But they can also show whether things are evenly divided or evenly enough to keep primary season going for a longer time,” he said in an email.

By: Amber Phillips

8:01 AM: Trump targets Biden in a late-night tweet highlighting gaffes

With the resurgence of Biden’s campaign, Trump went on Twitter late Monday night to share a Fox News compilation of some of his previous gaffes, including one earlier this month when he seemed to ask Democrats at an event in South Carolina to support him for Senate.

“WOW! Sleepy Joe doesn’t know where he is, or what he’s doing,” Trump tweeted. “Honestly, I don’t think he even knows what office he’s running for!”

The Fox News montage included several other moments from this presidential cycle, including Biden statements that “We choose truth over facts” and “Poor kids are just as bright and just as talented as white kids.” Earlier gaffes were also highlighted, including one in 2008 when Biden, as the Democratic vice presidential nominee, referred to his running mate as “Barack America.”

By: John Wagner

7:59 AM: Warren invokes 1990 janitors strike in a pitch that she’s still fighting for the nomination

Warren tried to position herself as an outsider who can get things done in a major campaign address at rally in East Los Angeles late Monday night that largely focused on a strike led by Latino janitors in the 1990 that led to better wages.

“We need a nominee who has unshakable values and who has a real track record for winning hard fights,” Warren told the crowd. She acknowledged that the presidential nomination contest is narrowing between Biden and Sanders.

“We find ourselves barreling toward another primary along the same lanes as 2016: one for an insider, one for an outsider,” Warren said. “Democratic voters should have more choice than that. America should have more choice than that."

Warren referred to Biden as a “Washington insider” who “will not meet this moment.”

She added: “Anyone who wants real change — meaningful change, lasting change — needs allies, needs partners, needs a winning coalition.”

Warren will have a difficult time making this case if she doesn’t win a large haul of delegates on Tuesday. She hasn’t won a single delegate since her third-place finish in Iowa. Two of the four candidates who beat her in South Carolina’s primary on Saturday have dropped out of the race. But Warren has signaled that she’s going to keep her campaign going and a super PAC supporting her effort is raising money to advertise for states that vote on March 17.

The bulk of Warren’s address focused on the 1990 strike, as part of a series of campaign addresses that draws connections between major moments for the labor movement in American history and her campaign.

Other speeches include one centered on the “bread and roses strike’” by textile workers, one on an overhaul of labor laws after the Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire in New York and a third on a washerwoman strike in the late 1800s.

Warren framed this address in personal terms.

“I want to tell a story not just as a teacher or as a candidate for president; I want to tell the story as the daughter of a janitor,” she said, referring to her father, who was a maintenance man in Oklahoma City.

She told the story of a June 1990 strike by janitors in the Century City section of Los Angeles that police tried to stop using brutal measures. One woman who had just learned she was pregnant joined the protest, Warren said. Days after police beat her, she had a miscarriage.

“The janitors faced a choice: retreat or continue the protest. With 21 of their brothers and sisters in the hospital, they resolved to carry on,” Warren said. But three weeks after the strike, she said, a contract was signed.

By: Annie Linskey

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