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Daylight saving time 2022: Will Oklahoma still "fall back" this year?

The Oklahoman 9/23/2022 Daisy Creager, Oklahoman

Nearly half of Oklahomans may oppose it, but the state will still “fall back” an hour soon as daylight saving time ends.

The biannual time change will occur at 2 a.m. on Nov. 6 local time, when the time will instantly become 1 a.m. While many phones and computers now change automatically, the annual start and end of daylight saving time regularly leads to confusion and conversation, with state and federal lawmakers considering recent proposals to end the practice.

The end of Daylight Saving Time for most states ends at 2 a.m. Nov. 4, 2018. © USA TODAY The end of Daylight Saving Time for most states ends at 2 a.m. Nov. 4, 2018.

An April study of Oklahomans showed 70% of those surveyed want something other than the current system, with 47% favoring permanent daylight saving time and 24% favor no daylight saving time.

During the 2022 session, the Oklahoma State House of Representatives passed a bill that would put permanent standard time to a statewide vote. The bill did not make it out of the Senate committee. Oklahoma doctors have spoken in support of a permanent time change, noting health risks associated with the time change each year.

In March, the U.S. Senate unanimously passed the Sunshine Protection Act, which would make daylight savings time permanent. The bill has not yet been taken up by the U.S. House of Representatives.

In recent years, 18 states have passed bills to enact permanent daylight savings time if Congress were to allow it, according to the National Conference of State Legislators.

Here are some things to know about daylight saving time, fall back and spring forward.

What is daylight saving time?

According to timeanddate.com, "daylight saving time is the practice of setting the clocks one hour ahead of standard time to make use of more sunlight in the spring, summer, and fall evenings. Daylight Saving Time (DST) is used to save energy and make better use of daylight. It was first used in 1908 in Thunder Bay, Canada." 

Daylight saving time became a national standard in 1966 when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Uniform Time Act, which was established as a way to continue to conserve energy. The thinking was, if it's light out longer, that's less time you'll need to use lights in your home.

Is it daylight savings time, daylight saving's time or daylight saving time?

It's daylight saving time. No hyphen, no apostrophe and no extra S in the phrase. Also, no capitalization. However, for people searching the term online, these results come up: "Daylight Saving Time," "daylight savings" and "daylight savings time."

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Who's in charge of daylight saving time?

The U.S. Department of Transportation oversees the nation's time zones and the uniform observance of daylight saving time, according to transportation.gov. The oversight of time zones was assigned to the DOT to help keep track of transportation.

When is daylight saving time 2022?

Daylight saving time is at 2 a.m. CST Sunday, Nov. 6. Oklahoma residents will need to "fall back" or set their clock back one hour.

When is daylight saving time 2023?

Daylight saving time for 2023 will be at 2 a.m. CST Sunday, March 12, for "spring forward" and 2 a.m. CST Sunday, Nov. 5, for "fall back."

What is the Sunshine Protection Act?

The Sunshine Protection Act would permanently extend daylight saving time from eight months of the year to the full 12 months. The bill was first introduced in January 2021 and reintroduced by Sen. Marco Rubio, R-Florida, and seven other bipartisan members of Congress in March 2022. The bill would make daylight saving time permanent across the U.S.

Click here to read the Sunshine Protection Act bill from congress.gov

What is the Standard Time Act?

The Standard Time Act of 1918 was the first federal law that implemented standard time and daylight saving time.

The U.S. Department of Transportation states, "federal oversight of time zones began in 1918 with the enactment of the Standard Time Act, which vested the Interstate Commerce Commission with the responsibility for establishing boundaries between the standard time zones in the U.S. This responsibility was transferred from the Interstate Commerce Commission to DOT when Congress created DOT in 1966."

What is the Uniform Time Act?

In 1966 when the U.S. Department of Transportation was created, the Uniform Time Act established a system of uniform daylight saving time across the U.S. It simplified when and where daylight saving time would take effect.

Which states don't observe daylight saving time?

Arizona and Hawaii do not recognize DST. There's also no no need to change the clocks in Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam and the Northern Marianas.

Which states don't want to observe daylight saving time?

More than 30 states are considering legislation related to the practice of changing clocks twice a year, and seven states —  Alabama, Arkansas, Nevada, Oregon, Tennessee, Washington and Florida — have already approved the legislation. However, these states still need the OK from Congress to enact the change. 

Which countries observe daylight saving time?

Daylight saving time is used in more than 70 countries worldwide and affects more than a billion people each year. The beginning and end dates vary from one country to another.

What are the pros of daylight saving time?

If permanent daylight saving time takes effect, the biggest pro by far would be no sleep disruption. No need to change your clock twice a year before, at or after 2 a.m. on a Sunday in the fall and spring.

Other perks would be more time during the day to be out and about, and experts say it's better for your health — no sleep disruption. No preparing-for-bed or waking-up habits to change.

Contributing: Mike Snider, USA TODAY; Ginny Beagan, USA TODAY Network-Florida

This article originally appeared on Oklahoman: Daylight saving time 2022: Will Oklahoma still "fall back" this year?

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