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Groundhog Day Fast Facts

CNN logo CNN 2/2/2022 CNN Editorial Research
a close up of an animal: Punxsutawney Phil © Pennsylvania Cable Network Punxsutawney Phil

Here's a look at Groundhog Day, an American tradition that is meant to predict when spring will arrive.

February 2, 2022 - Punxsutawney Phil sees his shadow, predicting six additional weeks of winter.

February 2, 2021 - Punxsutawney Phil sees his shadow, predicting six additional weeks of winter.


The groundhog emerges from its burrow on February 2.

If the groundhog sees its shadow when it emerges, there will be six more weeks of winter.

If it does not see its shadow, spring will arrive soon.

Video: Watch groundhog Punxsutawney Phil's prediction (CNN)


This tradition started in Europe as Candlemas Day. Germans who settled in Pennsylvania in the 1700s brought the custom to America.

Pennsylvania's Punxsutawney Phil is the most well-known, but more than a dozen states celebrate with their own groundhogs, such as Georgia's General Beauregard Lee and Buckeye Chuck in Ohio.

Punxsutawney Phil - Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania

His full name is "Punxsutawney Phil, Seer of Seers, Sage of Sages, Prognosticator of Prognosticators, and Weather Prophet Extraordinary.''

February 2, 1886 - The Punxsutawney Spirit newspaper proclaims this date as Pennsylvania's first official Groundhog Day celebration.

Phil has correctly predicted the beginning of spring 100% of the time, according to his owners. However, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the groundhog's record isn't perfect.

1986 - Phil travels to Washington, DC to meet with President Ronald Reagan.

1993 - Columbia Pictures releases the movie, "Groundhog Day," starring Bill Murray. In the years following the release of the movie, crowds numbering as high as 30,000 have visited Gobbler's Knob in Punxsutawney.

1995 - Phil appears on the Oprah Winfrey show.

January 27, 2010 - The animal rights group PETA suggests using a robotic groundhog in place of Punxsutawney Phil.

February 2, 2010 - For the first time, fans can register for a text message alert of Phil's prediction.

January 28, 2020 - People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals calls on the keepers of Punxsutawney Phil to let him retire -- and to be replaced by an animatronic groundhog.


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