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Biden Administration Preps $1.1 Billion Arms Sale to Taiwan

Bloomberg logo Bloomberg 8/30/2022 Tony Capaccio, Samson Ellis and Daniel Flatley
Taiwan Armed Forces soldiers during a military combat live-fire exercise in Hsinchu, Taiwan in 2021. © Bloomberg Taiwan Armed Forces soldiers during a military combat live-fire exercise in Hsinchu, Taiwan in 2021.

(Bloomberg) -- The Biden administration is preparing to sell $1.1 billion in missiles and radar support to Taiwan, according to an official familiar with the matter, in what would be the largest such transfer in almost two years. 

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The package would include as much as $650 million in continued support for a surveillance radar sold earlier, about $90 million for roughly 100 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles as well as about 60 additional anti-ship Harpoon missiles, the official said. Both weapons have been sold to Taiwan previously.

The State Department informally notified Congress of the sale late Monday. Even though it offers Taiwan no new military capability, the move could prompt protests from Beijing, which has said American arms sales to Taiwan are a threat to its security and a violation of the agreements that established diplomatic relations with Washington. 

EXPLAINER: Why Taiwan’s Status Risks Igniting a US-China Clash

China’s Foreign Ministry called on the US to stop arms sales and military contact with Taiwan in a Tuesday statement sent to Bloomberg. “China firmly opposes the US selling arms to China’s Taiwan region,” it said. “This is consistent and clear.”  

The planned arms sale was reported by Politico earlier Monday. 

The notification marks the beginning of several weeks of staff consultations that will result in a formal arms-sale proposal from the State Department. With support for Taiwan running high among both Republicans and Democrats in Congress, the package will likely face little resistance from lawmakers.

A separate person familiar with the matter said there have been several conversations between the administration and Congress about arms sales to Taiwan. 

A spokesperson for the US National Security Council, who asked not to be identified, declined to respond in detail and said only that the US would continue fulfilling its responsibilities under the Taiwan Relations Act to support Taiwan’s self-defense. A State Department spokesperson said, as a matter of policy, that the department does not publicly comment or confirm proposed defense sales until they have been formally notified to Congress. 

The sale would be the largest since a $2.4 billion deal including Harpoon missiles in October 2020, and the largest since President Joe Biden took office. The president is facing calls to accelerate American weapon transfers to Taiwan to deter China from acting militarily against the democratically governed island and avoid a repeat of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. 

Read More: Taiwan Plans 14% Boost in Defense Spending to Counter China

Taiwan last week proposed raising its total spending on the military by almost 14% next year. 

Earlier this month, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi became the highest-ranking US official in a quarter century to visit Taiwan, prompting Beijing afterward to conduct military drills and fire missiles over the island for the first time. Chinese warplanes flown across the US-established median line that divides the Taiwan Strait -- once a rare occurrence -- on all but one day since Pelosi’s Aug. 2 arrival.

Since then, Senator Edward Markey, a Massachusetts Democrat, and Senator Marsha Blackburn, a Tennessee Republican, have also made high-profile trips there. Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen has welcomed the visits from the US lawmakers as an “active show of strong support of the US Congress,” adding they had “reinforced Taiwan’s determination to defend itself.”

(Updates with Chinese Foreign Ministry comment.)

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