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Explainer: Bloody protests in Colombia leave at least 26 dead

ABC News logo ABC News 5/8/2021

Bloody, violent protests have raged on for 10 days throughout Colombia, leaving at least 26 dead and more than 900 reportedly injured, according to local officials and advocacy groups.

Demonstrations erupted in Bogota, Medellin, Cali and other cities on April 28 decrying President Iván Duque's proposed tax hike that critics say would raise the price of food and taxes for more middle-class workers. The plan was meant to unburden the government from the COVID-19 pandemic's financial strain, The Associated Press reported.

a group of people walking down the street © Federico Rios/The New York Times via Redux

Following outrage, Duque canceled the proposal Sunday and the country's finance minister resigned the following day.

But by then, the protest movement had grown, fueled by anger over the violent police response, and now the demands include broad social changes and police reform.

While most of the protests have been peaceful, police have been targeted and several police stations have been burned.

The nation's Ombudsman Office and Office of the Attorney General reported Thursday 26 deaths in the context of the protests and 145 cases of alleged disappearances, 55 of which have been located and 90 are under verification.

a group of people walking down the street: People block traffic while protesting proposed tax reforms in Bogota, Colombia, May 4, 2021. © Federico Rios/The New York Times via Redux People block traffic while protesting proposed tax reforms in Bogota, Colombia, May 4, 2021. a group of people that are standing in the snow: Demonstrators block a street with a barricade during a protest against President Ivan Duque's government in Cali, Colombia, May 5, 2021. © Luis Robayo/AFP via Getty Images Demonstrators block a street with a barricade during a protest against President Ivan Duque's government in Cali, Colombia, May 5, 2021.

Footage and photos from the brutal clashes show thousands flooding the streets; Colombian riot police firing tear gas canisters at crowds, appearing to shoot protesters point blank; and demonstrators throwing rocks at officers.

Among the dead is 17-year-old Marcelo Agredo who was allegedly fatally shot by a police officer on April 28 in Cali, Colombia. Video from the incident shows Agredo appearing to kick a police officer sitting on a motorbike before the officer opens fire. A government agency is now investigating his death.

The United National Human Rights office told ABC News it received 22 reports of deaths in the protests since the start of the uprising, including 21 civilians and one police officer. The office said all cases are in the process of being verified.

Local advocacy group Temblores reported 37 deaths in connection with demonstrations, 234 injured and 923 detained in the protests.

a group of people walking on a city street: Protesters use plywood as shields in Bogota, Colombia, during demonstrations against the Colombian government, May 5, 2021. © Federico Rios/The New York Times via Redux Protesters use plywood as shields in Bogota, Colombia, during demonstrations against the Colombian government, May 5, 2021. a group of people standing in front of a crowd: Demonstrators clash with riot police during a protest against a tax reform bill launched by Colombian President Ivan Duque, in Bogota, April 28, 2021. © Juan Barreto/AFP via Getty Images Demonstrators clash with riot police during a protest against a tax reform bill launched by Colombian President Ivan Duque, in Bogota, April 28, 2021. a person holding a wine glass: A demonstrator bangs a pot among traffic on the north highway of the city during the sixth day of the national strike, May 4, 2021, in Bogota, Colombia. © Diego Cuevas/Vizzor Image/Getty Images A demonstrator bangs a pot among traffic on the north highway of the city during the sixth day of the national strike, May 4, 2021, in Bogota, Colombia.

Ana, a 34-year-old tourism sector employee in Bogota, who did not wish to disclose her last name for privacy reasons, told ABC News, “What is happening in Colombia is a massacre.”

“The government doesn’t want to listen to us and we have simply no choice,” she said. “I have been walking every day peacefully with friends. We can observe undercover cops ... they even tried to shoot us on Monday. I was not injured."

“I was not a militant before. But we need money to live ... we need to go back to work ... and we are supposedly in a democracy,” she said.

MORE: Mother searches for son believed killed by Colombia soldiers a group of people standing in front of a crowd: People line up to buy gasoline at a gas station during a fuel shortage in Cali, Colombia, May 4, 2021, following the clashes between demonstrators and riot police officers in the protests against the government's tax reform. © Luis Robayo/AFP via Getty Images People line up to buy gasoline at a gas station during a fuel shortage in Cali, Colombia, May 4, 2021, following the clashes between demonstrators and riot police officers in the protests against the government's tax reform.

On Thursday, Colombia's government invited protest leaders to discuss the demands of the people.

Presidential adviser Miguel Ceballos said the government would meet with the National Strike Committee, which represents various groups including indigenous people, unions, environmentalists and students, to discuss key demands of the people on Monday, according to Blu Radio.

The protests built on previous demonstrations against corruption and inequality in 2019 and against police violence last year. Many of those frustrations were exacerbated during the pandemic as Colombia suffered through waves of the virus that led to lockdowns that strained the economy.

The tax plan aimed to raise $6.7 billion to pay the country's debts and maintain a basic income scheme for 3 million low-income people that started during the pandemic, The Associated Press reported.

The Colombian economy, crippled by the coronavirus crisis, shrank by 7% last year and the poverty level jumped to 43% from 36%, according to the country's National Administrative Department of Statistics report. Further, 16.8% of Colombians have been unemployed as of March in 13 major cities and metropolitan areas.

a group of people walking down the street: A man is arrested during clashes with the police following a protest against a tax reform bill launched by Colombian President Ivan Duque, in Medellin, Colombia, April 29, 2021. © Joaquin Sarmiento/AFP via Getty Images A man is arrested during clashes with the police following a protest against a tax reform bill launched by Colombian President Ivan Duque, in Medellin, Colombia, April 29, 2021.

The consecutive days of protests have disrupted supplies of gasoline across the country, the National Federation of Fuel and Energy Distributors (Fendipetroleo) said in a statement, Reuters reported.

"We have seen fuel shortages as a consequence of the national strike," Fendipetroleo said, listing cities including Cali, Ibague and Pereira, as well as in other municipalities and provinces.

The U.S. has walked a fine line between condemning the loss of life and urging the Colombian government to show restraint -- supporting its critical partner in the region reeling from the damage of the coronavirus pandemic, economic collapse and the crisis in neighboring Venezuela.

a crowd of people in a garden: A demonstrator hangs on a slackline during a protest against President Ivan Duque's government in Medellin, Colombia, May 5, 2021. © Joaquin Sarmiento/AFP via Getty Images A demonstrator hangs on a slackline during a protest against President Ivan Duque's government in Medellin, Colombia, May 5, 2021.

On Tuesday, U.S. State Department Deputy spokesperson Jalina Porter said the U.S. was "deeply saddened by the loss of life during protests" and defended Colombians' right to demonstrate.

"All over the world, citizens in democratic countries have the unquestionable right to protest peacefully," she said.

While "violence and vandalism is an abuse of that right," she said, the U.S. also urged "the utmost restraint by the public forces to prevent additional loss of life."

While she stopped short of condemning police and the military's use of force, Porter said the U.S. recognizes Duque's "commitment to investigate reports of police excesses and address any violation of human rights" and supports his "government's efforts to address the current situation through political dialogue."

a group of people on a stage in front of a crowd: People gather around candles and words on the pavement reading "for our dead" during a vigil, May 5, 2021, in Cali, Colombia, in honor of the demonstrators who died during protests against the government of President Ivan Duque. © Luis Robayo/AFP via Getty Images People gather around candles and words on the pavement reading "for our dead" during a vigil, May 5, 2021, in Cali, Colombia, in honor of the demonstrators who died during protests against the government of President Ivan Duque. A demonstrator throws a stone at riot police vehicle during a protest against President Ivan Duque's government at the Bolivar square in Bogota, Columbia, May 5, 2021. © Juan Barreto/AFP via Getty Images A demonstrator throws a stone at riot police vehicle during a protest against President Ivan Duque's government at the Bolivar square in Bogota, Columbia, May 5, 2021.

The United Nations' human rights office has accused Colombia's security forces of using excessive force with protesters.

The United Nations System in Colombia released a statement Friday denouncing the "disproportionate use of force" reported, calling for "the right of peaceful assembly and to protest to be guaranteed."

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"Any action by security forces must fully observe the protection and respect for human rights," the statement said.

text, whiteboard: A demonstrators holds a sign that says "When tyranny becomes law, rebellion is a right" during a new day of protests for a 'national strike' called by unions and social organizations in Bogota, Colombia, May 5, 2021. © Carlos Ortega/EPA via Shutterstock A demonstrators holds a sign that says "When tyranny becomes law, rebellion is a right" during a new day of protests for a 'national strike' called by unions and social organizations in Bogota, Colombia, May 5, 2021. text, letter: People rally in support of Colombian protestors in Times Square, May 6, 2021, in New York City. © Michael M. Santiago/Getty Images People rally in support of Colombian protestors in Times Square, May 6, 2021, in New York City.

Colombian celebrities have taken to social media to condemn the government's and police brutality against protesters.

Shakira tweeted, "Bullets will never be able to silence the voice of the one who suffers. And it is essential that we are not deaf to the cry of our own."

Singer Maluma shared on Instagram, "Care for lives. No more deaths, no more aggressions."

ABC News' Conor Finnegan and Aicha El Hammar Castano contributed to this report.

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