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Today in History: November 9

Microsoft News | Slide 1 of 12: The coup of 18 Brumaire brought General Napoleon Bonaparte to power as First Consul of France, and, in the view of most historians, ended the French Revolution. This bloodless coup d'etat overthrew the Directory, replacing it with the French Consulate. This occurred on 9 November 1799, which was 18 Brumaire, Year VIII under the French Republican Calendar. Napoleon Bonaparte in the coup d'etat of 18 Brumaire in Saint-Cloud. (Photo by: Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

1799: Napoleon Bonaparte stages a coup d'état

Drawing an alliance with director Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès, speaker of the Council of Five Hundred Pierre-Roger Ducos and several other influential figures, Bonaparte successfully overthrew the Directory and went on to assume the dictatorial position of First Consul of France. He held the title until 1804.

© Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images
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