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China Reopens Border With Macau After Six Weeks as Cases Ebb

Bloomberg logo Bloomberg 8/3/2022 Shirley Zhao
People wearing protective masks walk along a street in front of the Ruins of Saint Paul's in Macau, China, on Tuesday, March 3, 2020. Casinos in Macau, the Chinese territory that's the world’s biggest gambling hub, reported a record drop in gaming revenue, as they grappled with the cost of closing down their businesses for 15 days to help contain the deadly coronavirus outbreak. © Bloomberg People wearing protective masks walk along a street in front of the Ruins of Saint Paul's in Macau, China, on Tuesday, March 3, 2020. Casinos in Macau, the Chinese territory that's the world’s biggest gambling hub, reported a record drop in gaming revenue, as they grappled with the cost of closing down their businesses for 15 days to help contain the deadly coronavirus outbreak.

(Bloomberg) -- China will resume quarantine-free travel with Macau as the city recovers from its worst ever Covid-19 outbreak, in a move that could herald a tourism revival for casinos that have been bleeding cash for months.

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Macau’s border with the neighboring Chinese city of Zhuhai will reopen from 6 p.m. Wednesday, with some conditions attached, according to statements from the governments in both cities. People entering Zhuhai from Macau will need to show a negative nucleic test result no older than 24 hours and inform community representatives in the location where they will stay of their travel history.

They’ll then need to take another test within 48 hours of traveling to the city and are banned from taking public transport or attending gatherings within the first three days of their arrival. 

The lifting of the six-week border closure came after Macau eliminated community transmission, a key requirement for Chinese authorities. The gambling hub had maintained quarantine-free travel for inbound travelers from Zhuhai even during the peak of the outbreak that started mid-June and topped 1,800 cases.

Read more: Macau to Reopen After Flareup With Gaming Revenue at New Low 

The border reopening is a significant step in Macau’s emergence from an outbreak that sparked an unprecedented city-wide lockdown, multiple rounds of mass testing and an almost two-week shutdown of casinos. The revival of quarantine-free travel had been seen as key to recovery for the gaming industry -- which accounts for 80% of Macau’s government income and a third of local employment -- with a Bloomberg gauge of Macau’s six gaming operators jumping 3% after the announcement before paring gains to 1.3%.


Video: Macao casinos reopen as China keeps Covid prevention measures high (CNBC)

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While the easing of travel curbs paves the way for an increase in tourists, Macau’s casinos still face an uncertain outlook. The city’s reliance on China for the majority of visitors leaves it tied to the mainland’s Covid Zero strategy that deploys lockdowns and movement restrictions to curb outbreaks before they take hold. 

That threatens to add to an extended downturn that’s seen the city lose its crown as the top gambling hub in the world. In 2019, Macau’s gaming revenue was six times the size of the Las Vegas Strip. But in the first six months of this year, it recorded $3.3 billion in gaming revenue, compared with $4 billion for Sin City.

A recovery in tourism is expected to be gradual, with gaming revenue in August estimated at 1.5 billion patacas ($185 million), or about 6% of the pre-pandemic level in 2019, Citigroup Inc. analysts led by George Choi wrote in a note Wednesday. That’s down 66% from a year earlier.

Macau’s six gaming operators are burning through millions of dollars of cash a day and are facing a liquidity crunch. The companies are expected to post a $500 million combined loss for the last quarter, their first since 2020, according to analysts surveyed by Bloomberg.

As a result of the border closure, Macau’s average daily visitation plunged in July to less than 1,000, compared with more than 25,000 a year earlier. Gaming revenue fell to the lowest ever in July, and is 98% below pre-pandemic levels.

Read more: Macau Casino Crash Shifts World’s Gambling Crown to Las Vegas

(Updates to add Citi analyst comment in the eighth paragraph)

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