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Weather, climate threats top list of 2018 Global Risks Report

AccuWeather logo AccuWeather 2/6/2018 Jillian MacMath
Guest of the French Development Research Institute (IRD) for an ascent of Antisana Volcano to raise awareness on global warming, looks at a glacier on June 29, 2017, 50km east of Quito, Ecuador. At the foot of a rapidly melting glacier, several European Union ambassadors invited to the ascent by the IRD under the slogan 'Make the Planet Green Again', called to combat global warming, in a symbolically openly critical act towards the US withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement. © Juan Cevallos/AFP/Getty Images Guest of the French Development Research Institute (IRD) for an ascent of Antisana Volcano to raise awareness on global warming, looks at a glacier on June 29, 2017, 50km east of Quito, Ecuador. At the foot of a rapidly melting glacier, several European Union ambassadors invited to the ascent by the IRD under the slogan 'Make the Planet Green Again', called to combat global warming, in a symbolically openly critical act towards the US withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement.

Weather and climate threats are among the top risks that will have the biggest global impact in the next 10 years, according to a report by the World Economic Forum.

The report is an assessment by 1,000 experts and decision-makers on the likelihood and impact of global risks over a 10-year period.

Following a devastating year for weather and natural disasters in 2017, the Global Risk Report highlighted the environment as an area of particular concern this year.

Behind weapons of mass destruction in the top spot are extreme weather events, natural disasters, failure of climate change mitigation and adaptation and water crises.

"Extreme weather events have ranked in the top two future risks since 2014. It should be alarming to the general public," AccuWeather Meteorologist Brett Anderson said.

Meanwhile, extreme weather events and natural disasters claimed spots one and two for risks most likely to occur in the next 10 years. 

"This is not surprising: September 2017 was the most intense month on record for extreme weather events, as well as the most expensive U.S. hurricane season since 2005 with economic losses in excess of $300 billion," Group Chief Risk Officer Alison Martin said.

During 2017, catastrophic weather resulted in a record-setting cost to the United States, in particular.

Sixteen billion-dollar weather and climate events occurred, costing a total of $306 billion in damage. It shattered the previous U.S. annual record of $214.8 billion (CPI-adjusted) in 2005.

"And the U.S. was not alone in experiencing extreme weather: Ireland, for example, had its worst tropical storm in more than 50 years," she said.

2017 also became the third hottest year on record and the hottest year on record without an El Niño.

"The world is clearly warming and a warming world will make these rare, extreme events much more commonplace," Anderson said.

According to Martin, too little has been done to mitigate climate change and that's not likely to change.

"Our own analysis shows that the likelihood of missing the Paris Agreement's target of limiting global warming to 2 degrees Celsius or below is greater than the likelihood of achieving it. This is likely to exacerbate the impact of global environmental risks," she said.

"I fear we may squander the opportunity to move towards a more sustainable, equitable and inclusive future. As a business leader, a member of our society and a parent, this makes me deeply concerned about the future we may leave for the generations to come."

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