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China-Australia relations: Beijing blames Canberra for trade spat, citing grievances from Huawei to Taiwan

South China Morning Post logo South China Morning Post 17/11/2020 Finbarr Bermingham
a man wearing a suit and tie: Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian says China bears ‘no responsibility’ for the collapse in ties with Australia. Photo: Reuters Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian says China bears ‘no responsibility’ for the collapse in ties with Australia. Photo: Reuters

China has rejected Australia's claim that the "ball is in its court" regarding resolution of their escalating trade dispute, providing a long list of alleged offences that have "greatly hurt the feelings of the Chinese people".

At a press conference in Beijing on Tuesday, foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said China bears "no responsibility" for the collapse in bilateral ties, which has resulted in a series of Australian exports to China being hit with trade restrictions.

Zhao cited Australia's criticism of China's policies on Hong Kong, Xinjiang and Taiwan, as well as its calls for an "independent international review" of the origins of the coronavirus pandemic as causing the rift in relations.

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He said lobbying for Taiwan to be admitted to the World Health Organization and banning Chinese companies from Australia's 5G telecommunications network had also soured the relationship.

Australia's "arbitrary searches" of Chinese media reporters and accusations of Chinese "intervention and infiltration" in domestic affairs had further politicised bilateral ties, Zhao added, accusing Canberra of "clinging to cold war mentality and ideological prejudice".

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Over the weekend, before the signing of the world's biggest trade deal, which includes both Australia and China, Australian trade minister Simon Birmingham said "the ball is very much in China's court to come to the table" for dialogue.

"It is crucial that partners like China, as they enter into new agreements like this, deliver not only on the detail of such agreements, but act true to the spirit of them," Birmingham told The Age newspaper.

Zhao - known as the flag-bearer for a new breed of aggressive Chinese "wolf warrior" diplomats - rejected Birmingham's claim, placing the blame entirely at Canberra's door. "Australia should face up to the crux of the setback in the bilateral relations," he said.

China has always adhered to the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, including non-interference in its internal affairs, to develop relations with other countries
Zhao Lijian

"China has always adhered to the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, including non-interference in its internal affairs, to develop relations with other countries," said Zhao, referring to an element of Chinese foreign policy first pursued with India in the 1950s and subsequently adopted in a series of pacts and resolutions around the world.

The Australian Department for Foreign Affairs and Trade did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

Tuesday's comments are Beijing's latest tongue-lashing of Canberra. Last week, another foreign ministry spokesman, Wang Wenbin, said Australia's "crude" rhetoric over China's recent human rights record had "poisoned" the relationship.

The seven-month dispute has seen China place a series of duties and embargoes - many of them unofficial - on Australian goods ranging from barley, beef and cotton, to wine, coal and timber.

The trade actions have been technical in nature, but Chinese officials have implied on a number of occasions they can be resolved through political means.

China is Australia's biggest trading partner, buying 39 per cent of Australia's exports. Bilateral trade between the two countries is worth around US$171 billion, although the dispute has emphasised how reliant Australia is on China for merchandise trade.

In October, Chinese exports to Australia rose 16.62 per cent from a year earlier to US$5.25 billion, while imports from Australia rose 6.64 per cent to US$10.11 billion, according to data from China's customs agency. However, this was before the latest round of trade actions came into effect.

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Last week, in a sign the Australian government would not bite its tongue over geopolitical and human rights issues relating to China, Foreign Minister Marise Payne criticised the decision to ban pro-democracy lawmakers from taking their place in Hong Kong's Legislative Council.

And on Tuesday, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga issued a joint statement following a leaders meeting in which they expressed serious concerns over the situation in the South China Sea and in Hong Kong.

China has sweeping territorial claims over the South China Sea, as well as the East China Sea, which has brought it into dispute with neighbouring countries, including Japan.

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